This book reviews the historical development of democracy and the backlash against it, the theoretical character of modern democracy, the practical problems of establishing and maintaining democracy, and the meaning of democracy and its prospects.
1. The New Appeal of an Old Ideal 2. Democracy as the Quest for Autonomy History 3. Communal Autonomy: Athenian Democracy 4. Plural Autonomy: Roman and Later Republicanism 5. Individual Autonomy: Liberal Democracy 6. Backlash: Criticism and the Rise of Modern Autocracy Theory 7. Modern Democracy: Compound Autonomy 8. The Individual and the Group: Voting and Elections 9. Federalism: Devolution and Cooperation Practice 10. Democratization: Perils of the Passage 11. Autonomy Against Itself: Pitfalls and Pathologies 12. Democracy and World Peace: Euphoria Limited Conclusion 13. Democracy and Its Prospects