This volume queries the state and effect of the global decentralization movement through the study of natural resource decentralizations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The case studies presented here use a comparative framework to characterize the degree to which natural resource decentralizations can be said to be taking place and, where possible, to measure their social and environmental consequences. In general, the cases show that threats to national-level interests are producing resistance that is fettering the struggle for reform.
1. Democratic Decentralization through a Natural Resource Lens: Countering central resistance, fostering local demand Anne M. Larson and Jesse C. Ribot 2. Between Micro-Politics and Administrative Imperatives: Decentralization and the watershed mission in Madhya Pradesh, India Amita Baviskar 3. Decentralisation When Land and Resource Rights are Deeply Contested: A case study of the Mkambati eco-tourism project on the wild coast of South Africa Ben Cousins and Tembele Kepe 4. Formal Decentralization and the Imperative of Decentralization 'From Below': A case study of natural resource management in Nicaragua Anne Larson 5. Democratic Decentralization and Traditional Authority: Dilemmas of land administration in rural South Africa Lungisile Ntsebeza 6. What Lies Behind Decentralization?: Forest, powers and actors in lowland Bolivia Pablo Pacheco 7. Closer to People and Trees: Will decentralization work for the people and the forests of Indonesia? Ida Aju Pradnja Resosudarmo 8. Decentralization, Rural Livelihoods, and Pasture-land Management in Post-Socialist Mongolia Robin Mearns 9. Decentralization and Accountability in Forest Management: Case from Yunnan, southwest China Jianchu Xu and Jesse Ribot 10. Social and Organizational Roots of Ecological Uncertainties in Cameroon's Forest Management Decentralization Model René Oyono 11. User Committees: A potentially damaging second wave of decentralization? James Manor 12. Decentralising Water Resource Management in Brazil Christian Brannstrom 13. Decentralizing Natural Resource Management: A recipe for sustainability and equity? Wicky Meynen and Martin Doornbos