328 pages | 52 B/W Illus.
China is historically famous for its high demographic dividend and its huge working population and this has driven tremendous economic growth over the past few decades. However, that population has begun to shrink and the Lewis turning point whereby surplus rural population has been absorbed into manufacturing is also approaching, leading to great change in the Chinese labor market. Will this negatively affect China’s economic growth? Can the "Middle-Income Trap" be avoided? What reforms should be made on the labor supply side? This book tackles these key questions.
This book is a collection of 14 papers presenting the author’s observations, analysis, and opinions of China’s long-term economic development from the demographic perspective, while analysing real economic problems from the past and including policy recommendations. It provides a critical reference for scholars and students interested in Chinese economic development and demographic perspectives on economic development.
Part One New Stage of Demographic Transition. 1. Demographic Transition, Demographic Dividend, and Lewis Turning Point in China 2. The End of China’s Demographic Dividend: The Perspective of Potential GDP Growth 3. Approaching a Neoclassical Scenario: Labor Market in China after the Lewis Turning Point 4. China’s Economic Slowdown under Supply-Side Perspective. Part Two Avoiding Middle Income Trap. 5. Is There a "Middle-income Trap"? Theories, Experiences and Relevance to China 6. How to Understand Income Inequality in China? Seeking Common Ground from the Debates 7. Labor Market Changes, Labor Disputes and Social Cohesion in China 8 Old Age Support System in China: Situations, Challenges and Policy Trends. Part Three Supply-side Structural Reform. 9. The Hukou Reform and Unification of Rural-urban Social Welfare 10. From Quantitative Issues to Structural Issues: An Interpretation of China’s Labor Market 11. China’s Demand for Human Capital and Education Reform 12. China’s Agricultural Modernization and Economies of Scale: Barriers and Solutions 13. How Can Chinese Economic Growth Be Transformed to Total Factor Productivity-Driven Pattern? 14. New Normal: The Macro History and Grand Logic of China’s Economic Development
The China Perspectives series focuses on translating and publishing works by leading Chinese scholars, writing about both global topics and China-related themes. It covers Humanities & Social Sciences, Education, Media and Psychology, as well as many interdisciplinary themes.
This is the first time that any of these books have been translated into English for international readers. The series aims to put forward a Chinese perspective, give insights into cutting-edge academic thinking in China, and inspire researchers globally.