1st Edition

Dependent Convergence
The Struggle to Control Petrochemical Hazards in Brazil and the United States

ISBN 9780415784337
Published December 19, 2018 by Routledge
272 Pages

USD $49.95

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Book Description

Comparative analyses of social actors and policy outcomes in Bahia and Texas show the similarities and differences in the actors and the policies adopted in each case. As a result of historical and structural developments in Bahia and Texas, Cetrel operates under pollution-control standards and technologies for protecting the environment and workers that are similar to those of the GCA. This convergent trend is characterized as dependent convergence between developing and developed countries. The author makes recommendations for stronger international solidarity among progressive forces in developed and developing countries to promote preventive alternatives to pollution control.

Table of Contents


CHAPTER 1. Migration of Hazards: The Viewpoint of Actors in a Newly Industrializing Country

CHAPTER 2. One Industry, Two Complexes, Two Companies

CHAPTER 3. Twenty Years of Petrochemical Production in Bahia

CHAPTER 4. Benzeno A Vista (Benzene Ho!): The Work Environment Crises of COPEC

CHAPTER 5. Environmental Management Policies in Cetrel: A Case Study of the Implementation of Pollution Control Policies in the Periphery

CHAPTER 6. Environmental Management Policies in the Gulf Coast Authority: A Case Study of Pollution Control Policies in the Center

CHAPTER 7. Dependent Convergence: Comparing Cetrel and GCA Histories

APPENDIX 1. Research Design

APPENDIX 2. The Petrochemical Industry

APPENDIX 3. Time line of the History of the "Pólo Petroquímico de Camaçari"

APPENDIX 4. CETREL S.A. Environmental Policy

APPENDIX 5. Bayport Facility Industrial Users in 1997


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Dr. C. Eduardo Siqueira is Associate Professor in the School for the Environment (SFE) at UMass Boston.