Tracing the development of international humanitarian law especially since World War II, this volume focuses on the role of the international community in crafting international and mixed war crimes tribunals. It examines the cases of the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia and East Timor. These tribunals are legal institutions embedded within a political environment in which the need for nation-state consensus can undermine their judicial effectiveness and ultimately the quest for justice. One of the principal themes examined is how the demands of state sovereignty and finance have contributed to the constant innovation of these tribunals. This is the only book available covering the breadth of cases and it places these institutions within the general development of international humanitarian law.
Contents: From impunity to imprisonment: individual accountability under international law; History in the making: the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; The creation of hybrid Tribunals: the special court for Sierra Leone and the extraordinary chambers for Cambodia; Creating and reasserting State sovereignty: The serious crimes panel for East Timor and the Indonesian human rights court; Financial considerations in the maintenance of international tribunals; The completion strategy for the International Criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal tribunal for Rwanda; Understanding the effectiveness of international, hybrid and domestic tribunals. Appendices: Structure, jurisdiction and composition of the tribunals; Resolutions for the international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia; Resolutions for the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda; Resolutions for the special court for Sierra Leone; Resolutions for the serious crimes panel for East Timor; Resolutions for the extraordinary chambers for Cambodia; Bibliography; Index.