1st Edition

Developing Industrial Water Pollution Control Programs
A Primer

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ISBN 9781566765367
Published September 15, 1997 by CRC Press
218 Pages

USD $250.00

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Book Description

Over the past decade, industrial water pollution control has undergone vast changes. Public Law 92-500 passed in 1972 primarily targeted conventional pollutants such as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and suspended solids and as a result wastewater treatment plants were designed to meet these objectives. In recent years volatile organics, priority pollutants, aquatic toxicity and some heavy metals have received attention in specific industrial effluents.
In some cases nitrogen and phosphorus will have specific effluent limitations. If the wastewater contains volatile organics such as benzene or toluene, these organics must be removed prior to biological treatment or basins must be covered with off-gas treatment. The technology choice to meet these objectives in a cost-effective manner will be site specific. In 1976 EPA established effluent limitations for priority pollutants in the organic chemicals, plastics and synthetic fibre industries (OCPSF). These are pollutant specific guidelines expressed as an effluent concentration. Depending on the specific chemical involved, the biological treatment process or a source treatment technology may provide the most economical solution. Aquatic toxicity poses a major problem in industrial water pollution control. Because it is frequently non-specific it is difficult to identify appropriate cost effective technologies. As a general rule, biological treatment should be the first option with more costly physical chemical technologies employed only in cases where the toxicity-causing chemicals are non-biodegradable.

Table of Contents

Water Quality Standards
Waste Minimization
Characterization of Wastewaters
Development of Design Flows
Municipal Wastewater Flow
Industrial Wastewater Flow
Definition of Wastewater Constituents
Organic Parameters
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
Total Oxygen Demand (TOD)
Other Organic Parameters
Oil and Grease
Phenolic Compounds
Miscellaneous Techniques
Wastewater Treatment
Storm Water Control
Pre- or Primary Treatment
Removal of Oil and Grease
Properties of Coagulants
Coagulation of Industrial Wastewater
Heavy Metals Removal
Removal of Volatile Organics
Biological Wastewater Treatment
Nutrient Removal
Alternative Biological Treatment Technologies
Aerated Lagoons
Activated Sludge
Trickling Filtration
Rotating Biological Contactors (RBC)
Anaerobic Treatment
Advanced Wastewater Treatment
Chemical Oxidation
Carbon Adsorption
The PACTr Process
Membrane Processes
Land Treatment
Sludge Handling and Disposal
Sludge Stabilization
Sludge Thickening
Sludge Dewatering
Sludge Disposal
Economics of Wastewater Treatment

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