Developing Industrial Water Pollution Control Programs: A Primer, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Developing Industrial Water Pollution Control Programs

A Primer, 1st Edition

By Wesley Eckenfelder

CRC Press

218 pages

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Hardback: 9781566765367
pub: 1997-09-15
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Description

FROM THE INTRODUCTION

Over the past decade, industrial water pollution control has undergone vast changes. Public Law 92-500 passed in 1972 primarily targeted conventional pollutants such as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and suspended solids and as a result wastewater treatment plants were designed to meet these objectives. In recent years volatile organics, priority pollutants, aquatic toxicity and some heavy metals have received attention in specific industrial effluents.

In some cases nitrogen and phosphorus will have specific effluent limitations. If the wastewater contains volatile organics such as benzene or toluene, these organics must be removed prior to biological treatment or basins must be covered with off-gas treatment. The technology choice to meet these objectives in a cost-effective manner will be site specific. In 1976 EPA established effluent limitations for priority pollutants in the organic chemicals, plastics and synthetic fibre industries (OCPSF). These are pollutant specific guidelines expressed as an effluent concentration. Depending on the specific chemical involved, the biological treatment process or a source treatment technology may provide the most economical solution. Aquatic toxicity poses a major problem in industrial water pollution control. Because it is frequently non-specific it is difficult to identify appropriate cost effective technologies. As a general rule, biological treatment should be the first option with more costly physical chemical technologies employed only in cases where the toxicity-causing chemicals are non-biodegradable.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Water Quality Standards

Waste Minimization

Characterization of Wastewaters

Development of Design Flows

Municipal Wastewater Flow

Industrial Wastewater Flow

Definition of Wastewater Constituents

Organic Parameters

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)

Total Oxygen Demand (TOD)

Other Organic Parameters

Oil and Grease

Phenolic Compounds

Miscellaneous Techniques

Wastewater Treatment

Storm Water Control

Pre- or Primary Treatment

Equalization

Neutralization

Removal of Oil and Grease

Flotation

Sedimentation

Coagulation

Properties of Coagulants

Coagulation of Industrial Wastewater

Heavy Metals Removal

Removal of Volatile Organics

Biological Wastewater Treatment

Sorption

Stripping

Biodegradation

Nutrient Removal

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Aeration

Alternative Biological Treatment Technologies

Lagoons

Aerated Lagoons

Activated Sludge

Trickling Filtration

Rotating Biological Contactors (RBC)

Anaerobic Treatment

Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Filtration

Chemical Oxidation

Carbon Adsorption

The PACTr Process

Membrane Processes

Land Treatment

Sludge Handling and Disposal

Sludge Stabilization

Sludge Thickening

Sludge Dewatering

Sludge Disposal

Economics of Wastewater Treatment

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply