This book is the outcome of a workshop on the conversion of tropical forest to pasture in Latin America convened in Oaxaca, Mexico in 1988. It examines the dynamics underlying this complex and destructive process and enlisted multiple perspectives in order to identify alternatives.
1. Introduction Part One: Overviews 2. Logics of Livestock and Deforestation: the Case of Amazonia 3. New Directions for Livestock Policy: an Environmental Perspective 4. Bio-economic Costs 5. Livestock Economy and Forest Destruction Part Two: Forest Uses 6. Tropical Forest Uses 7. Forest Economies: Transition and Ambiguity 8. Social Dimension of Forest Utilization in Mexico: Implications for Intervention Part Three: Environmental Impacts 9. Possible Climatological Impacts 10. Terrestrial Impacts in Mexico and Central America Part Four: Social Impacts 11. Eating from the Tropics or Destroying it? 12. From Reaction to Planning: An Indigenous Response to Deforestation and Cattle Ranching 13. Rural Development Effects 14. Reconciling people and Land: The Prospects for Sustainable Extraction in the Amazon Part Five: Production Alternatives 15. Sustaining Pasture-based Production Systems for the Humid Tropics 16. A Silvopastoral Strategy 17. Integrated Production Systems Part Six: Developers' and Donors' Perspectives 18. Debt-for-Nature Swaps: a Response to Debt and Deforestation in Developing Countries? 19. The Timber Industry Perspective Part Seven: Community Perspectives 20. Union of Forest Ejidos and Communities of Oaxaca 21. Integrated Resource Management: A Zapotec Community's Approach 22. Two Peasants Discuss Deforestation 23. A Rubber Tapper Speaks Out Part Eight: Comments and Recommendations 24. The Oaxaca Recommendations 25. What Can I Do?