This is the first book fully dedicated to Indian philosophical doxography. It examines the function such dialectical texts were intended to serve in the intellectual and religious life of their public. It looks at Indian doxography both as a witness of inter- and intra-sectarian dialogues and as a religious phenomenon. It argues that doxographies represent dialectical exercises, indicative of a peculiar religious attitude to plurality, and locate these ‘exercises’ within a known form of ‘yoga’ dedicated to the cultivation of ‘knowledge’ or ‘gnosis’ (jñāna).
Concretely, the book presents a critical examination of three Sanskrit doxographies: the Madhyamakahṛdayakārikā of the Buddhist Bhāviveka, the Ṣaḍdarśanasamuccaya of the Jain Haribhadra, and the Sarvasiddhāntasaṅgraha attributed to the Advaitin Śaṅkara, focusing on each of their respective presentation of the Mīmāṃsā view.
It is the first time that the genre of doxography is considered beyond its literary format to ponder its performative dimension, as a spiritual exercise. Theoretically broad, the book reaches out to academics in religious studies, Indian philosophy, Indology, and classical studies.
Table of Contents
1 The Beginnings of Mādhyamika Doxography: Bhāviveka’s MHK
2 The Beginnings of Jaina Doxography: Haribhadra’s ṢDS
3 The Beginnings of Advaita Doxography: Śaṅkara’s SSS
Karl-Stéphan Bouthillette is currently an FWO post-doctoral researcher in Ghent, Belgium. He received his PhD at the Institute for Indology and Tibetology at Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany.