Assessing the social impact of rural development projects, the contributors to this book develop a cultural model based on theories of political economy and apply that model to a consideration of such factors as geography, language, economics, religion, and cultural patterns of domination. They focus on the interrelationship between cultural factors and social stratification. Their model serves as a means for moving from abstract discussions of political economy toward a practical application of social impact assessment. The book begins with theoretical essays developing the conceptual model, followed by a review of the relevant social impact assessment literature and case studies of rural projects that have affected such socially disadvantaged groups as laborers, women, ranchers, and ethnic minorities. In the final two chapters, the authors apply and test the cultural model, using the findings of the case studies, and draw new conclusions about the differential effects of rural resource development projects.
Table of Contents
Series Editor's Preface -- Introduction -- The Concepts -- The American Society/Environment Relationship: Challenging Prevailing Assumptions -- Sociological Theory and the Differential Distribution of Impacts in Rural Resource Development Projects -- Whose Ox Is Gored? A Sociocultural Model of Impact Distribution in Resource Development -- Assessing the Social Impacts of Rural Resource Developments: An Overview -- The Case Studies -- Work-Emergent Behaviors and Traits: The Segregation of Energy Workers in Boomtowns -- Ranchland: Impacts on rural communities -- Women: Gemeinschaft in Boomtowns -- The Yupik Eskimos of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska: A Social Impact Assessment of Proposed Energy Development -- It Doesn't Have to Happen Again: Reflections on the Nuclear Atmosphere -- Reflections on Resistance to Rural Industrialization: Newcomers' Culture of Environmentalism -- The Heuristic Device -- Exploring Sociocultural Impacts: The Application of a Model -- Cultural Assessment of Rural Resource Impacts: An Addendum