Microfluidics-based biochips combine electronics with biochemistry, providing access to new application areas in a wide variety of fields. Continued technological innovations are essential to assuring the future role of these chips in functional diversification in biotech, pharmaceuticals, and other industries.Revolutionary guidance on design, opti
Introduction. Defect-Tolerant and Routing-Aware Synthesis. Pin-Constrained Biochip Design. Testing and Diagnosis. Design for Testability. Application on Protein Crystallization. Conclusions. References.