Disaster's Impact on Livelihood and Cultural Survival : Losses, Opportunities, and Mitigation book cover
1st Edition

Disaster's Impact on Livelihood and Cultural Survival
Losses, Opportunities, and Mitigation

Edited By

Michele Companion

ISBN 9781482248432
Published March 16, 2015 by CRC Press
354 Pages 8 Color & 26 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Many facets of disasters generate interest among scholars and practitioners. However, a vital area of disaster research is consistently underemphasized. Little is written about the immediate and long-term impacts on a community’s livelihood systems and the customs and practices of the culture affected. Disaster’s Impact on Livelihood and Cultural Survival: Losses, Opportunities, and Mitigation represents a broad forum to discuss the impacts of large-scale disaster events on communities.

Covering disasters in 18 countries around the world, academics, policy makers, community leaders, urban planners, and emergency practitioners explore both losses and opportunities for cultural and livelihood adaptation, change, and disaster impact mitigation. In the wake of these tragedies, the contributors look at different dimensions of livelihood challenges and cultural survival. They discuss multiple forms of disasters, including drought, hurricanes, earthquakes, climate change, and technological and armed conflicts, providing a comprehensive examination of each topic and the myriad long-term impacts these disasters can have on communities.

Some chapters focus on developing "best practices" models to enhance future event response, while others seek to assess new instruments or methodologies for better planning and assessment of disaster impacts. The concerns and strategic plans of indigenous populations are also highlighted in this volume. The inclusion of their voice and perspective, as well as the book’s broad geographical coverage, allows students, practitioners, and the general populace to explore disaster issues in a variety of contexts.

Table of Contents

Disaster Risk Reduction
Cultural Aspects of Risk to Environmental Changes and Hazards: A Review of Perspectives
Frank Thomalla, Rebecca Smith, and E. Lisa F. Schipper
Disaster Risk Governance in Ecosystem-Dependent Livelihoods Exposed to Multiple Natural Hazards in Uganda
Yazidhi Bamutaze
Gender Considerations for Disaster Management Practices
Judith P. Weshinskey-Price
Post-Disaster Impacts of Resettlement and Implications for Rebuilding
Disaster Resettlement Organizations and the Culture of Cooperative Labor in the Ecuadorian Andes
A.J. Faas
Taking the High Ground: The Impact of Public Policy on Rebuilding Neighborhoods in Coastal Japan after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
Alyne Elizabeth Delaney
Creating Community after Disaster: Norm Formation in Post-Hurricane Mitch Resettlements in Honduras
Ryan Alaniz
Culture as a Long-Term Coping Mechanism for Resettlement Trauma: French Pied-Noir Associations and Post-Algerian War Displacement
Victoria M. Phaneuf and Kacy L. Hollenback
Livelihood Rehabilitation and Adaptation
Precious Water: The Impact of Drought on Farming Communities in Southwest Kansas
Elke Weesjes, with photographs by Tiffany Hagler-Geard
Examining Social Resilience: Post-Tsunami Livelihood Rehabilitation and Its Impacts on Households and Communities in Kamphuan, Ranong, Thailand
Dawn M. Kotowicz
Livelihood Losses, Recovery, and Opportunities for Cultural Revitalization: Experience from the 2008 Wenchuan
Earthquake in China
Ziqiang Han, Zhanlong Ba, and Ruiping Xin
Peace Building and Livelihood Restoration in Human-Made Disaster: A Case from Gujarat, India
Subhasis Bhadra
Pathways to Economic Livelihood Recovery: A Study of Tsunami-Affected Communities in Tamil Nadu, India
Elizabeth Jordan and Amy Javernick-Will
Marketing and Material Goods: The Impact of Disaster Responders on Livelihood Strategies
Michèle Companion
Indigenous Voices
The Social Impact of Typhoon Bopha on Indigenous Communities, Livelihoods, and Conflict in Mindanao
Tom Bamforth
Sociocultural Survival in the Face of Looming Disaster: The Gitga’at First Nation’s Opposition to the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline Project
Duane A. Gill and Liesel A. Ritchie
of Natural and Human-Caused Disasters in the Context of Sea Level Rise: Coastal Louisiana Communities at the Edge
Shirley Laska, Kristina Peterson, Crystlyn Rodrigue, Tia Cosse’, Rosina Philippe, Olivia Burchett, and Richard Krajeski
Above the Rising Tide: Coastal Louisiana’s Tribes Apply Local Strategies and Knowledge to Adapt to Rapid Environmental Change
Julie Koppel Maldonado, Albert P. Naquin, Theresa Dardar, Shirell Parfait-Dardar, and Kelly Bagwell
Community-Based Elements of Recovery
The Emergency Community: A Grassroots Model for Post-Disaster Redevelopment
Robert Owen Gardner
Lifestyle Practices and Cultural Survival after the L’Aquila Earthquake (Italy, 2009): A New Adaptive Challenge between Smart City and Resilient Landscapes
Barbara Lucini
Faith, Communities, and Disaster
Pamela Jenkins
Social Recovery in Disasters: The Cultural Resistance of Luizenses
Victor Marchezini

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Michèle Companion is an associate professor at the University of Colorado in Colorado Springs. She has worked extensively as a food and livelihood security consultant to international humanitarian aid organizations across Africa. Her current work in this area focuses on the expansion of food security indicators to increase local sensitivity to food crisis triggers. She has also researched Native American reservation and urban nutritional dynamics, including impacts of low-income diets on overall health and food security issues. She has been looking at cultural barriers to healthy eating among low-income urban Indian populations.