This book evaluates reforms in the North Atlantic Alliance, the new European Union, and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. It examines the policies of the key allies—the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France.
Part 1: Institutional Context 1. European Security and Defense Cooperation During the Cold War 2. The Formative Years of the New NATO: Diplomacy from London to Rome 3. The European Community and Western European Union 4. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) Part II: The Role of The Major Powers 5. Not What They Wanted: American Policy and the European Security and Defence Identity 6. The United Kingdom 7. German Security Policy in the New European Order 8. France Part III: Conclusion 9. Failures of the First Round and a Proposal for a New Strategy