Displacement has traditionally been conceptualized as a phenomenon that results from conflict or other disruptions in developing or unstable countries. Hurricane Katrina shattered this notion and highlighted the various dilemmas of population displacement in the United States. The dilemmas stem from that of inconsistent terminology and definitions; lack of efforts to quantify displacement risk potential and that factor displacement vulnerability into community plans; lack of understanding of differential needs of "displacees" especially during long-term recovery periods; and policy and institutional responses (or lack thereof) especially as it relates to post-disaster sheltering and housing.
Incorporating relevant examples, cases, and policies Esnard and Sapat look at the experience of other countries and how the international community has dealt with hundreds of thousands of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes. Displaced by Disaster addresses such issues from a planning and policy perspective informed by scholarship in disciplines such as emergency management; political science; sociology and anthropology. It is ideal for students and practitioners working in the areas of disaster management, planning, public administration and policy, housing, and the many disciplines connected to disaster issues.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction Part 1: Setting the Stage – Why Displacement Matters Chapter 2. Concepts and Terminology Chapter 3. Displacement and Complex Dilemmas Chapter 4. Vulnerability & Predisposition to Displacement Part 2: Focus on the United States Chapter 5. U.S. Disaster Management: Institutions, Policies, and Challenges Chapter 6. Sheltering and Housing: A Major Policy Gap Chapter 7. Other Dilemmas during Long-Term Recovery Part 3: Displacement, Recovery, and Resilience in the Global Community Chapter 8. Catastrophic Disasters: Global Case Studies Chapter 9. International Institutional Responses, Recovery, and Displacement Chapter 10: Whole Community Approaches to Displacement: Planning and Policy Challenges and Recommendations Appendices
"This meticulously researched book offers the most comprehensive statement available on the causes and consequences of population displacement in the aftermath of disaster. Esnard and Sapat have crafted a highly readable, nuanced, and moving account of why displacement matters in the United States and globally. They also present new and important new insights regarding what could potentially be done to minimize the vulnerability of those living in risky areas. Displaced by Disaster should be required reading for anyone interested in better understanding what will surely represent one of the greatest humanitarian challenges of the twenty-first century." - Lori Peek, Colorado State University, Co-Editor of Displaced: Life in the Katrina Diaspora
"This text provides an excellent introduction to and critical examination of the factors and debates surrounding population displacement. The book has a very clear structure and is written in an accessible and engaging manner, providing an invaluable aid to undergraduate and postgraduate students across a range of disciplines, including geography, sociology, psychology and politics." – Environmental Values, Ewan J. Woodley, University of Exeter