Displaying Time Series, Spatial, and Space-Time Data with R  book cover
2nd Edition

Displaying Time Series, Spatial, and Space-Time Data with R

ISBN 9781138089976
Published July 30, 2018 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
264 Pages

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Book Description

Focusing on the exploration of data with visual methods, Displaying Time Series, Spatial, and Space-Time Data with R, Second Edition, presents methods and R code for producing high-quality static graphics, interactive visualizations, and animations of time series, spatial, and space-time data. Practical examples using real-world datasets help you understand how to apply the methods and code.

The book illustrates how to display a dataset starting with an easy and direct approach, and progressively adds improvements that involve more complexity. Each of the three parts of the book is devoted to different types of data. In each part, the chapters are grouped according to the various visualization methods or data characteristics.

The first edition of this book was mainly focused on static graphics. Four years later, recent developments in the "htmlwidgets" family of packages are covered in this second edition with many new interactive graphics. In addition, the "ggplot2" approach is now used in most of the spatial graphics, thanks to the new "sf" package. Finally, code has been cleaned and improved, and data has been updated.

• Offers detailed information on producing high-quality graphics, interactive visualizations, and animations
• Uses real data from meteorological, climate, economic, social science, energy, engineering, environmental, and epidemiological research in many practical examples
• Shows how to improve graphics based on visualization theory
• Provides the graphics, data, and R code on the author’s website, enabling you to practice with the methods and modify the code to suit your own needs.

Table of Contents


What This Book Is About

What You Will Not Find in This Book

How to Read This Book

R Graphics


Software Used to Write This Book

About the Author


I Time Series

Displaying Time Series: Introduction


Further Reading

Time on the Horizontal Axis

Time Graph of Variables with Different Scales

Time Series of Variables with the Same Scale

Stacked Graphs

Interactive Graphics

Time as a Conditioning or Grouping Variable

Scatterplot Matrix: Time as a Grouping Variable

Scatterplot with Time as a Conditioning Variable

Time as a Complementary Variable


A Panel for Each Year

Interactive Graphics: Animation

About the Data


Unemployment in the United States

Gross National Income and CO Emissions

II Spatial Data

Displaying Spatial Data: Introduction


Further Reading

Thematic Maps: Proportional Symbol Mapping


Proportional Symbol Mapping with spplot

Proportional Symbol Mapping with ggplot

Optimal Classification and Sizes to Improve Discrimination

Spatial Context with Underlying Layers and Labels

Spatial Interpolation

Interactive Graphics

Thematic Maps: Choropleth Maps


Quantitative Variable

Qualitative Variable

Small Multiples with Choropleth Maps

Bivariate Map

Interactive Graphics

Thematic Maps: Raster Maps

Quantitative Data

Categorical Data

bBivariate Legend

Interactive Graphics

Vector Fields


Arrow Plot


Physical and Reference Maps

Physical Maps

Reference maps

About the Data

Air Quality in Madrid

Spanish General Elections


Land Cover and Population Rasters

III Space-Time Data

Displaying Spatiotemporal Data: Introduction


Further Reading

Spatiotemporal Raster Data


Level Plots

Graphical Exploratory Data Analysis

Space-Time and Time Series Plots

Spatiotemporal Point Observations


Graphics with spacetime


Depicting variable changes over time: raster data

bDepicting variable changes over time: point space-time data

Fly-by animation


View More



Oscar Perpiñán-Lamigueiro is an Associate Professor at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, involved in teaching and research of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Programming. He is also a lecturer of Photovoltaic and Solar Energy at the Escuela de Organización Industrial. He holds a Master's Degree in Telecommunications Engineering and a PhD in Industrial Engineering. At present, his research focuses on solar radiation (forecasting, spatial interpolation, open data) and software development with R (packages rasterVis, solaR, meteoForecast, PVF, tdr).


"The author is knowledgeable in the different data formats for time series in R as well as various different displays from modern R packages that can be used to present time series data. A small proportion of the material discusses the findings that can be drawn from each time series. The major focus of the book is on how time series are manipulated, or R functions are used to produce a specific figure. Both static and dynamic summaries of data are provided, and much discussion is given to displaying multiple time series."
~Peter Craigmile, The Ohio State University

"This book addresses a fundamental gap that makes R a more usable geographic information system for applied statisticians…This book is incredibly useful for any person wanting to do modern spatial and spatio-temporal statistics. This book is technically correct. It is also clearly written and quite easy for a person with a moderate level of R programing experience to use."
~Trevor Hefley, Kansas State University

"(This book) should be useful and successful across a range of audiences: researchers and practitioners working with temporal/spatial data; professors using the manuscript to supplement their courses on temporal/spatial data; graduate students learning about temporal/spatial data. I have been a part of these audiences at various stages of my own professional career, and would have loved to be ‘exposed’ to the manuscript earlier."
~Vladas Pipiras, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

"While texts on spatiotemporal data analysis exist, there is a lack of resources and references when it comes to address the challenges of producing spatiotemporal visualizations, particularly in combination with reproducible example code and data. This book aims to address this void, and in this regard, is a very valuable and needed contribution."
~Claudia Engel, Stanford University

"This is a book specializing on visualization of time/space data. The topics covered are relevant and interesting…The updates planned for the second edition focus on ggplot2 and interactive web-based plots. These have both become mainstream, so such an update would be appropriate and topical."
~Deepayan Sarkar, Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi

"Overall, the book is unique in what it tries to achieve. It is an excellent resource that researchers and other users can use to explore different visualisations and read on how to build them from scratch in R."
~Andrew Zammit Mangion, University of Wollongong

"In summary, Displaying Time Series, Spatial, and Space-Time Data with R is a useful handbook for those wanting to learn more about temporal, spatial, and space-time data classes in R; methods for wrangling such data; and, of course, approaches for visualizing the data. Those who are already familiar with temporal/spatial/space-time data may also find it a useful overview of methods they may not have previously encountered. It is well-written and provides a nice synthesis of additional resources for those who might be interested in digging deeper into a particular topic."
~Silas Bergen, Winona State University

". . . this book is a detailed guide for several appealing visualisation methods for time/spatial data, using the freely available R software, and provides real examples of data visualisation. The language is accessible and its step-by-step format makes it easy to read and understand . . ."
~Rute Vieira, ISCB