1st Edition

Distributed Control Applications Guidelines, Design Patterns, and Application Examples with the IEC 61499

Edited By Alois Zoitl, Thomas Strasser Copyright 2016
    536 Pages
    by CRC Press

    536 Pages 237 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Distributed Control Applications: Guidelines, Design Patterns, and Application Examples with the IEC 61499 discusses the IEC 61499 reference architecture for distributed and reconfigurable control and its adoption by industry. The book provides design patterns, application guidelines, and rules for designing distributed control applications based on the IEC 61499 reference model. Moreover, examples from various industrial domains and laboratory environments are introduced and explored.

    IEC 61499 BASICS

    Challenges and Demands for Distributed Automation in Industrial Environments
    Thomas Strasser and Alois Zoitl
    Trends in Industrial Automation
    Requirements for Future Automation Architecture

    Basic Principles of IEC 61499 Reference Model
    Thomas Strasser and Alois Zoitl
    IEC 61499 Reference Model
    Main Differences between First and Second Editions


    Design Patterns, Frameworks, and Methodologies
    James H. Christensen
    Introduction, Motivation, and Overview
    Distributed Application Methodology
    Proxy Pattern
    Layered Model/View/Controller/Diagnostics (MVCD) Pattern
    Local Multicast Pattern
    Tagged Data Pattern
    Matrix Framework

    Applying IEC 61499 Design Paradigms: Object-Oriented Programming, Component-Based Design, and Service-Oriented Architecture
    Wenbin Dai, Valeriy Vyatkin, and James H. Christensen
    Essential Elements in IEC 61499 Function Block Designs
    Applying Object-Oriented Programming Paradigm in IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    Adoption of Component-Based Design Paradigm for IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    Introducing New Service-Oriented Architecture Paradigm for IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    Summaries of IEC 61499 Design Paradigms

    New Design Patterns for Time-Predictable Execution of Function Blocks
    Matthew M. Y. Kuo and Partha S. Roop
    Coding Guidelines for Time Predictability
    Design Patterns
    Requirement Qualification
    Ordered Synchronous Design Pattern
    Delayed Synchronous Design Pattern
    Timing Analysis

    Automatic Reengineering of IEC 61131-Based Control Applications into IEC 61499
    Monika Wenger, Alois Zoitl, and Georg Schitter
    IEC 61131 versus IEC 61499
    Related Work on Reengineering
    Developed Reengineering Process
    Proof of Concept

    Unit Test Framework for IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    Reinhard Hametner, Ingo Hegny, and Alois Zoitl
    Related Work
    Requirements for IEC 61499 Unit Tests
    Modeling Unit Tests According to IEC 61499
    Resulting Test Framework
    Application Examples
    Conclusion and Future Work

    Verifying IEC 61499 Applications
    Petr Kadera and Pavel Vrba
    General Software Verification
    Verification of IEC 61131-3
    Dynamic Verification of IEC 61499
    Static Verification of IEC 61499

    Fault-Tolerant IEC 61499 Applications
    Mario de Sousa
    Replication in IEC 61499 Applications
    Replication Framework on FORTE
    Example of Replicated IEC 61499 Application
    Quantifying System Reliability

    Developing IEC 61499 Communication Service Interface Function Blocks in Distributed Control and Automation Applications
    Georgios Sfiris and George Hassapis
    IEC 61499 Programming and Communication Semantics
    Example of Distributed Application
    UDP/IP and TCP/IP Communication Protocols in IEC 61499
    Example of SCADA System
    Modbus Communication Protocol in IEC 61499
    Implementations of Other Communication Protocols in IEC 61499
    Programming Example

    Adapted Design Methodology to IEC 61499 for Distributed Control Applications of Machine Tools
    Carlos Catalán, Alfonso Blesa, Félix Serna, and José Manuel Colom
    Short Motivation
    Control Software for AMs: IEC 61499 Standard
    Communicating Machine Tools with IEC 61499
    COSME Platform Design Goals
    COSME FB Model
    COSME Platform Architecture
    COSME Design Process
    Implementation Issues


    Flexible and Reusable Industrial Control Application
    Gernot Kollegger and Arnold Kopitar
    Expectations to IEC 61499-based Automation Solutions
    Requirements to IEC 61499-based Applications
    Power of Attributes
    CAT: Composite Automation Type
    Process Control Application
    Concept and Components of Process Control Libraries
    Belt Conveyor Lines Application
    Distributed Sequence Control Approach
    Dosing and Reactor Application
    Hardware Configuration and Monitoring Application

    Building Automation Simply Done
    Gernot Kollegger and Arnold Kopitar
    Building Control Application Requirements
    Control Application

    Control Software for Cutting Glass Machine Tool Built Using COSME Platform: Case Study
    Félix Serna, Carlos Catalán, Alfonso Blesa, José Manuel Colom, and Josep Maria Rams
    IEC 61499-based Design versus Application Domain
    Glass Machining Modelling
    Practical Issues and Conclusions

    Distributed Intelligent Sensing and Control for Manufacturing Automation
    Robert W. Brennan
    Related Work
    DISCS Architecture
    Function Block Implementation
    Example: Mobile Object Tracking
    Future Work

    Model-Driven Design of Cardiac Pacemaker Using IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    Yu Zhao and Partha S. Roop
    Pacing System in a Nutshell
    Overview of Proposed Approach
    Modeling Using IEC 61499 Function Blocks
    High-Fidelity Model Creation
    Response Time Analysis Using High-Fidelity Models

    Smart Grid Application through Economic Dispatch Using IEC 61499
    Srikrishnan Jagannathan and Peter Idowu
    Essential Concepts
    Software Tools
    Application Development
    Co-Simulation between MATLAB and FBDK
    Simulation Results, Conclusions, and Future Work


    Workspace Sharing Assembly Robots: Applying IEC 61499
    Matthias Plasch, Gerhard Ebenhofer, Michael Hofmann, Martijn Rooker, Sharath Chandra Akkaladevi, and Andreas Pichler
    Related Work
    Description of Robotic System
    Development Approach
    Resulting System Architecture
    Summary and Conclusion

    Hierarchically Structured Control Application for Pick and Place Station
    Monika Wenger, Milan Vathoopan, Alois Zoitl, and Herbert Prähofer
    Principles for Hierarchical Structured Control Applications
    Structure of Pick and Place Station
    Hierarchical Control Application

    Toward Batch Process Domain with IEC 61499
    Wilfried Lepuschitz and Alois Zoitl
    ANSI/ISA-88 Batch Control
    Approach 1: Hierarchical Structure Based on Automation Components
    Approach 2: Implementation of S88 State Machine
    Approach 3: Generic S88 Phases Structure and Conjunction with Industrial Batch Management System

    Smart Grid Laboratory Automation Approach Using IEC 61499
    Filip Andrén, Georg Lauss, Roland Bründlinger, Philipp Svec, Christian Seitl, and Thomas Strasser
    Introduction and Motivation
    Smart Grid Laboratories: Needs and Requirements
    Brief Overview of SmartEST Lab Environment
    IEC 61499-Based Laboratory Automation System
    Summary and Conclusions


    Alois Zoitl earned his master’s degree and PhD from the Vienna Institute of Technology. He currently leads the Industrial Automation Research Group at fortiss GmbH in Munich. Before that, he headed the Distributed Intelligent Automation Group (Odo Struger Laboratory) at the Vienna University of Technology’s Automation and Control Institute. Dr. Zoitl is an active lecturer at the Technical University Munich, co-author of 100+ publications, co-inventor on four patents, founding member of the 4DIAC and OpENer open-source initiatives, member of the IEEE and the PLC open user organization, consultant for CAN in Automation, and member/convenor of IEC SC65B/WG15 for the IEC 61499 distributed automation standard.

    Thomas Strasser earned his master’s degree and PhD from the Vienna University of Technology. He is currently a senior scientist in the Energy Department of the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology. Before that, he spent more than six years as a senior researcher at PROFACTOR. Dr. Strasser is an active lecturer at the Vienna University of Technology, guest professor at the Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, co-author of 120+ publications, recipient of two patents, active participant in IEEE conferences, associate editor of Springer and IEEE journals, senior member of IEEE, founding member of the 4DIAC open source initiative, and involved in IEC SC65B/WG15, IEC TC65/WG17, and IEC SyC Smart Energy/WG6.

    "… presents an interesting, pragmatic point of view of the use of the IEC 61499 standard for the design of distributed control applications, including examples ranging from industrial cases to laboratory automation case studies."
    —Josu Jugo, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Spain

    "… intuitively understandable. I like the approach from basics, over design principles, to testing/verification/fault-tolerance, and finally concrete application examples. The real-world examples are highly inspiring and one could learn a lot from the discussed concrete steps and appropriate setups."
    —Sebastian Lehnhoff, University of Oldenburg, Germany

    "… provides very thorough, encyclopedic coverage of the methodologies and application of the emerging function block standard IEC 61499. … The scope of topics being covered in this book is very impressive. … It can bring anyone working in the area quickly up to speed. … a useful reference."
    —Robert Lewis, FIET fellow; C.Eng; engineering safety consultant, Atkins, Brighton, UK; and former UK expert on working groups developing IEC 61131 and IEC 61499

    "The main strength of the book is the broad coverage of the IEC 61499 standard and the involvement of so many experts as authors. … The content is well thought out and covers more than I've ever seen in a book on industrial programming. … easy to read … very comprehensive and instructive … will become a standard reference for IEC 61499."
    —Josef K. Fritsche, Bachmann electronic GmbH, Feldkirch, Austria

    "This is probably the first book about the IEC 61499 standard that completely focuses on application development, gathering the experience of first-class scientists and engineers who developed and maintain the standard itself and apply it in very different domains. Industrial control application designers and developers, who already know the IEC 61499 basics, can find very useful design, development, test, verification, and reengineering guidelines. Descriptions of various industrial and laboratory applications provide practical examples of solutions based on the philosophy of this standard. A necessary guide in order to be up to date with the current state of the art regarding the usage of the IEC 61499 standard."
    —Prof. Marco Colla, SUPSI – University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Manno

    "This book is a very good survey on current research on IEC 61499 and its application, and therefore a basic handbook for industrial engineers for their daily work with IEC 61499-based applications."
    —Dr. Christoph Sünder, Thales Austria GmbH

    "... presents a comprehensive overview of IEC 61499 and its development so far. In contrast to other books concentrating on the standard itself, this work concentrates more on new supplementary approaches, such as design patterns or unit testing with function blocks. Considering the latest initiative Industry 4.0, this book presents many key enabling technologies, such as fault-tolerant and self-configuring systems using IEC 61499."
    —Dr. Roman Froschauer, AlpinaTec GmbH, Austria