Newly gained sovereignty, uneven penetration of neo-liberal ideals and the growth of disparate capitalist markets have elicited varied responses in Central Asia. What does development mean for the political class and for ordinary citizens? What are the effects of new capitalist institutions and markets? What impact did western development blueprints and external donor engagement leave in the region?
This book illuminates the diverse realities of post-Soviet development in Central Asia through a multidisciplinary prism. The contributing articles are grounded in a range of social science disciplines including architecture, anthropology and geography. The analyses demonstrate how a synthesis of specialist knowledge from area studies and individual disciplinary methodologies can provide well-grounded critical positions on development. The book highlights the complexities of everyday routines of dispossession and coping strategies in the face of natural and manmade disasters. These experiences create deep moral anxieties under the debilitating effects of monetisation and marketisation of ordinary livelihoods, social ties and environmental resources. This book was originally published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: market adaptations, interventions and daily experience Gül Berna Özcan 2. Ideology in brick and tile: Timurid architecture of the 21st century Elena Paskaleva 3. The ideology of development and legitimation: beyond ‘Kazakhstan 2030’ Diana T. Kudaibergenova 4. Social, environmental and economic sustainability of Kazakhstan: a long-term perspective Marzhan Thomas 5. Uzbekistan’s ‘spirit’ of self-reliance and the logic of appropriateness: TAPOich and interaction with Russia Bernardo Teles Fazendeiro 6. Promoting empowerment? The World Bank’s Village Investment Project in Kyrgyzstan Babken Babajanian 7. ‘Donors are not interested in reality’: the interplay between international donors and local NGOs in Kyrgyzstan’s HIV/AIDS sector Svetlana Ancker and Bernd Rechel 8. The monetization of social celebrations in rural Kyrgyzstan: on the uses of hashish money Gulzat Botoeva 9. Everyday disasters, stagnation and the normalcy of non-development: Roghun Dam, a flood, and campaigns of forced taxation in southern Tajikistan Diana Ibañez-Tirado
Gül Berna Özcan is Reader in International Business and Entrepreneurship at Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.