This book examines donor conception and the search for information by donor-conceived people. It details differing regulatory approaches across the globe, including those that provide for ‘open-identity’ or anonymous donation, or that take a ‘dual-track’ approach. In doing so, it identifies models regarding the recording and release of information about donors that may assist in the further development of the law, policy and associated practices. Arguments for and against donor anonymity are considered, and specifically critiqued. The study highlights contrasting reasoning and emphasis upon various interests and factors that may underpin secrecy, anonymity or openness. The book will be of value to academics, students and legal practitioners involved with this area. It is also relevant to policy makers, health practitioners and anyone with an interest in the subject.
PART I – DONOR CONCEPTION, SECRECY AND ANONYMITY
Chapter 1: A brief history of donor conception, secrecy and anonymity.
Chapter 2: The call for information: donor conceived people, recipients and donors.
Chapter 3: The search.
PART II - REGULATORY APPROACHES AROUND THE WORLD
Chapter 4: Jurisdictions that have laws granting access to identifying information.
Chapter 5: Jurisdictions that enable both ‘open-identity’ and anonymous donation.
Chapter 6: Jurisdictions that have laws enshrining anonymity.
PART III – ANONYMITY OR OPENNESS?
Chapter 7: Examining arguments underpinning donor anonymity.
Chapter 8: Placing the issues in a Human Rights Framework.
Chapter 9: Information for All? Opening records from the past.
Chapter 10: CONCLUSION
Scientific and clinical advances, social and political developments and the impact of healthcare on our lives raise profound ethical and legal questions. Medical law and ethics have become central to our understanding of these problems, and are important tools for the analysis and resolution of problems – real or imagined.
In this series, scholars at the forefront of biomedical law and ethics will contribute to the debates in this area, with accessible, thought-provoking, and sometimes controversial ideas. Each book in the series will develop an independent hypothesis and argue cogently for a particular position. One of the major contributions of this series is the extent to which both law and ethics are utilised in the content of the books, and the shape of the series itself.