272 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    272 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Water is our natural heritage, our miracle of life. However, our increasingly technological society has become indifferent to water. Far from being pure, modern drinking water around the world contains many undesirable chemical and bacterial contaminants. The existing techniques employed for the disinfection of water are either energy-intensive or have by-products harmful to human health. Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques reviews these processes and explores novel technologies for water disinfection synergistic with existing techniques.

    The book covers a wide audience and gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques commonly used for the disinfection of water as well as newer emerging technologies in terms of their mode of action, scale of operation, efficacy, merits, and demerits. It broadly addresses the issues related to water disinfection in three sections:

    • Disinfection techniques—chemical, physical, and hybrid (combination)—and their likely scale of operation efficacy
    • Disinfection by-product as a function of water source and the type of treatment
    • Emerging and novel techniques, including new work on cavitation, an economical, energy-efficient, and simple alternative to the conventional methods of disinfection

    Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques effectively combines the chemical, physical, biological, and engineering principles of water disinfection in one text. Discussing both conventional and novel techniques used for disinfection and the economics involved, the book gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques used for disinfection to create potable water.

    Current Scenario
    The Aquatic Environment
    Health Aspects
    History of Disinfection
    General Aspects of Disinfection
    Water Disinfection Methods
    Assessment of Disinfection
    Quantitative Measurement of Bacterial Growth
    History of Water Regulations
    Microbiological Standards

    Chemical Disinfection
    Theory of Chemical Disinfection
    Other Chemical Methods
    Chemical Disinfection Treatments Requiring Electricity
    Coagulation/Flocculation Agents as Pretreatment
    Disinfection By-Products (DBPs)

    Physical Disinfection
    Ultraviolet Radiation
    Solar Disinfection
    Heat Treatment
    Filtration Methods
    Electrochemical Oxidation
    Water Disinfection by Microwave Heating

    Hybrid Techniques
    Introduction Hybrid Disinfection Techniques
    DBP Formation with Various Primary and Secondary Disinfectant Combinations

    Cavitation-Based Disinfection Techniques
    What Is Cavitation?
    Water Disinfection by Cavitation
    Current Status and Path Ahead

    Novel Disinfection Methods
    New Generation Techniques for Water Disinfection

    Global Water Challenges
    Current Activities to Solve Water-Related Issues
    World Water Markets



    Jyoti Kishen Kumar, Aniruddha Bhalchandra Pandit

    "This book summarizes a lot of information that is difficult to currently find in a well synthesized format. In particular, the vast array of novel disinfection technologies presented … emphasizes how much work has been done in this field. This book will help to successfully introduce novel disinfection methods in urban and industrial water treatment processes. … many of the methods and descriptions in this book are directly relevant for wastewater disinfection applications as well. This makes the book likely appealing to a broad audience of technologists and scientists in the water industry."
    —Professor Jurg Keller & Dr. Maria José Farré, Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

    "… provides a deep overview on water disinfection methods spanning from consolidated technologies towards promising upcoming methodologies. All in an open-learning approach."
    —Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti, University of Torino, Italy

    "… a comprehensive summary of current disinfection techniques, which may enhance our knowledge on the disinfection options in various conditions, and enable fully utilization of the advantages and avoidance of the disadvantages of these methods."
    —Baiyang Chen, Harbin Institute of Technology, China