Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques

1st Edition

By Jyoti Kishen Kumar, Aniruddha Bhalchandra Pandit

CRC Press

270 pages | 16 B/W Illus.

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Water is our natural heritage, our miracle of life. However, our increasingly technological society has become indifferent to water. Far from being pure, modern drinking water around the world contains many undesirable chemical and bacterial contaminants. The existing techniques employed for the disinfection of water are either energy-intensive or have by-products harmful to human health. Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques reviews these processes and explores novel technologies for water disinfection synergistic with existing techniques.

The book covers a wide audience and gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques commonly used for the disinfection of water as well as newer emerging technologies in terms of their mode of action, scale of operation, efficacy, merits, and demerits. It broadly addresses the issues related to water disinfection in three sections:

  • Disinfection techniques—chemical, physical, and hybrid (combination)—and their likely scale of operation efficacy
  • Disinfection by-product as a function of water source and the type of treatment
  • Emerging and novel techniques, including new work on cavitation, an economical, energy-efficient, and simple alternative to the conventional methods of disinfection

Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques effectively combines the chemical, physical, biological, and engineering principles of water disinfection in one text. Discussing both conventional and novel techniques used for disinfection and the economics involved, the book gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques used for disinfection to create potable water.


"This book summarizes a lot of information that is difficult to currently find in a well synthesized format. In particular, the vast array of novel disinfection technologies presented … emphasizes how much work has been done in this field. This book will help to successfully introduce novel disinfection methods in urban and industrial water treatment processes. … many of the methods and descriptions in this book are directly relevant for wastewater disinfection applications as well. This makes the book likely appealing to a broad audience of technologists and scientists in the water industry."

—Professor Jurg Keller & Dr. Maria José Farré, Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

"… provides a deep overview on water disinfection methods spanning from consolidated technologies towards promising upcoming methodologies. All in an open-learning approach."

—Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti, University of Torino, Italy

"… a comprehensive summary of current disinfection techniques, which may enhance our knowledge on the disinfection options in various conditions, and enable fully utilization of the advantages and avoidance of the disadvantages of these methods."

—Baiyang Chen,Harbin Institute of Technology, China

Table of Contents


Current Scenario

The Aquatic Environment

Health Aspects

History of Disinfection

General Aspects of Disinfection

Water Disinfection Methods

Assessment of Disinfection

Quantitative Measurement of Bacterial Growth

History of Water Regulations

Microbiological Standards

Chemical Disinfection


Theory of Chemical Disinfection


Other Chemical Methods

Chemical Disinfection Treatments Requiring Electricity

Coagulation/Flocculation Agents as Pretreatment

Disinfection By-Products (DBPs)


Physical Disinfection


Ultraviolet Radiation

Solar Disinfection

Heat Treatment

Filtration Methods


Electrochemical Oxidation

Water Disinfection by Microwave Heating


Hybrid Techniques

Introduction Hybrid Disinfection Techniques

DBP Formation with Various Primary and Secondary Disinfectant Combinations


Cavitation-Based Disinfection Techniques


What Is Cavitation?

Water Disinfection by Cavitation

Current Status and Path Ahead

Novel Disinfection Methods


New Generation Techniques for Water Disinfection


Global Water Challenges

Current Activities to Solve Water-Related Issues

World Water Markets


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply