Today the world is facing a greater water crisis than ever. Droughts of lesser magnitude are resulting in greater impact. Even in years with normal precipitation, water shortages have become widespread in both developing and developed nations, in humid as well as arid climates. When faced with severe drought, governments become eager to act. Unfortunately, this eagerness usually wanes when precipitation returns to normal.
Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, and Management Issues explains the complexities of drought and the role of science, technology, and management in resolving many of the issues associated with the world's expanding water crises.
Contributors discuss a broad range of topics in attempting to answer these most pressing questions:
How can we can improve planning tools and make mitigation tools more readily available and adaptable?
How can we promote widespread adoption of new water-conserving technologies and encourage their use during non-drought periods?
How can seasonal forecasts and early warning systems be made more reliable and expressed in ways to better meet the needs of end users?
How can the drought-related policy experiences of some countries be systematically utilized to benefit others?
Drought and Water Crises collates considerable information from diverse disciplines with the goal of reducing societal vulnerability to drought. Featuring case studies and stressing new technologies, the book seeks to encourage nations to adopt a more risk-based, proactive policy for water and drought management.
PART I: OVERVIEW. Drought as Hazard: Understanding the Natural and Social Context. PART II: DROUGHT AND WATER MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. The Challenge of Climate Prediction in Mitigating Drought Impacts. Drought Monitoring: New Tools for the 21st Century. Drought Indicators and Triggers. Drought Preparedness Planning: Building Institutional Capacity. National Drought Policy: Lessons Learned from Australia, South Africa, and the United States. Managing Demand: Water Conservation as a Drought Mitigation Tool. The Role of Water Harvesting and Supplemental Irrigation in Coping with Water Scarcity and Drought in the Dry Areas. Drought, Climate Change, and Vulnerability: The Role of Science and Technology in a Multi-Scale, Multi-Stressor World. PART III: CASE STUDIES IN DROUGHT AND WATER MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. The Hardest Working River: Drought and Critical Water Problems in the Colorado River Basin. Drought Risk Management in Canada-U.S. Transboundary Watersheds: Now and in the Future. Drought and Water Management: Can China Meet Future Demand? A Role for Streamflow Forecasting in Managing Risk Associated with Drought and Other Water Crises. Droughts and Water Stress Situations in Spain. PART IV: INTEGRATION AND CONCLUSIONS. Drought and Water Crises: Lessons Learned and the Road Ahead.