230 pages | 29 Color Illus. | 55 B/W Illus.
Drought is a slow-onset natural hazard that is often referred to as a creeping phenomenon. The challenge of monitoring drought’s onset and evolution, and identifying its termination or end is one that scientists, natural resource managers, and decision makers have been struggling with for decades. However, drought management must be aimed at reducing the risks of future drought events on economies, the environment, and the social fabric of regions.
As with many countries, droughts are often managed as a crisis in Brazil, rather than events for which officials and communities proactively prepare. Although droughts are not new to Brazil, the recent spate of droughts in the poverty stricken semi-arid Northeast and the industrial hub of São Paulo in the Southeast has forced the country to think more seriously about finally changing its drought policies and management approaches.
The book is told through the perspectives of the ministers and secretaries, state policy and technical officials, civil society organizations, and development practitioners that helped to facilitate the shift in paradigm in Brazil from crisis management and towards proactive management of droughts. It is written in a style that is appealing to both technical and non-technical audiences, and aims to provide a framework and lessons for other countries to consider when embarking upon similar efforts to improve their own drought policy and management systems.
"Across the chapters, different interdisciplinary approaches and combination of scholarly and pragmatic analyses paint a compelling picture of the need for new and innovative interventions against this background of change. I recommend the book not only for those who are new to understanding drought impact and response in Northeast Brazil but also for readers seeking a deeper exploration of the issue and how it can inform decisions in Brazil and elsewhere."
—Maria Carmen Lemos, University of Michigan, USA
"This book, with twelve very useful papers on pro-active management of droughts and policy in Brazil, is a valuable source of information for all countries interested in effective drought preparedness and management."
—Mannava Sivakumar, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
"Practitioners and researchers involved in drought management will treasure this book as it provides a comprehensive overview of the strategies and mechanisms that Brazil is adopting to minimize impacts and increase resilience against extreme droughts in the semi-arid zone of the Northeast region."
—Rosa Maria Formiga Johnsson, Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil
Editors and Authors
Life and Drought in Brazil
Antônio Rocha Magalhães
Crisis, Opportunity, and Leadership
Eduardo Sávio P.R. Martins, Francisco José Coelho Teixeira, João Gilberto Lotufo Conejo, José Machado, and Antonio Divino Moura
A Framework and Convening Power
Erwin De Nys, Nathan L. Engle, and Carmen Molejón Quintana
The Technical and Institutional Case: The Northeast Drought Monitor as the Anchor and Facilitator of Collaboration
Eduardo Sávio P.R. Martins, Carmen Molejón Quintana, Maria Assunção F. Silva Dias, Robson Franklin Vieira Silva, Bruno Biazeto, Gisela Damm Forattini, and Julia Cadaval Martins
Water Supply and Management Drought Preparedness Plans
Francisco de Assis de Souza Filho, Marcos Thadeu Abicalil, Paula Pedreira de Freitas de Oliveira, and Cybelle Frazão Costa Braga
Municipal Agricultural Drought Preparedness and Response Plan
Barbara Farinelli, Pablo Valdivia, and Diego Arias
Perspectives from the Outside: Contributions to the Drought Paradigm Shift in Brazil from Spain, Mexico, and the United States
Michael Hayes, Mario López Pérez, Joaquín Andreu, Mark Svoboda, Brian Fuchs, Felipe Arreguín Cortés, and Nathan L. Engle
Planning for the Next Drought and Paving the Path for Climate Change Resilience
Nathan L. Engle, Erwin De Nys, Antônio Rocha Magalhães, and John Redwood III
Voices of the People: Socioeconomic Implications of Drought in Northeast Brazil
Drought Impacts and Cost Analysis for Northeast Brazil
Northeast Drought Monitor: The Process
Eduardo Sávio P. R. Martins, Robson Franklin Vieira Silva, Bruno Biazeto, and Carmen Molejón Quintana
Drought Preparedness Plans: Tools and Case Studies
Francisco de Assis de Souza Filho, Paula Pedreira de Freitas de Oliveira, Marcos Thadeu Abicalil, Cybelle Frazão Costa Braga, Samíria Maria Oliveira da Silva, Sandra Helena Silva de Aquino, Daniel Antonio Camelo Cid, Luiz Martins de Araújo Júnior, and Ana Cláudia Fernandes Medeiros Braga