Dynamics of Transformation, Elite Change and New Social Mobilization: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Dynamics of Transformation, Elite Change and New Social Mobilization

Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen, 1st Edition

Edited by Muriel Asseburg, Heiko Wimmen


214 pages

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Paperback: 9780367142964
pub: 2019-01-17
Hardback: 9781138655836
pub: 2017-05-08
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The political transformations initiated by the so-called Arab Spring in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen have been marked by strong political contention, continued social mobilization and, albeit to different degrees, weak central state institutions. This book proposes that, rather than agreed roadmaps of institutional change (e.g. elections, drawing up new constitutions) and centrally crafted transition processes, it has been the competition of key political actors for resources of political power and control that has set the pace and influenced the direction and depth of the transformation processes. Hence, the contributions in this volume use an actor-centred approach. Two perspectives are assumed: first key political actors – referring to the "Politically Relevant Elite (PRE)"– are identified and their motivations as well as their strategies and capacities to steer the transformation process. Secondly , the authors investigate the capacity of politically "Mobilized Publics" to exert influence on agenda setting and decision making, ask to what extent popular and social movements have emerged as political actors in their own right, and to what extent such forms of bottom-up participation have constituted a fundamental change to the political culture of these countries. Both avenues of inquiry analyze how the elites are constrained by continued social mobilization, how they engage with mobilized publics to promote their own agendas, and whether the extended scope of popular participation contributes to the legitimacy and stability of the emerging political orders, or causes disruption, fragmentation and conflict. This book was previously published as a special issue of Mediterranean Politics.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Dynamics of Transformation, Elite Change and New Social Mobilization in the Arab World

Muriel Asseburg and Heiko Wimmen

2. Managing Change: How Egypt's Military Leadership Shaped the Transformation

Stephan Roll

3. Youth Movements in the Egyptian Transformation: Strategies and Repertoires of Political Participation

Nadine Abdalla

4.Libya’s Local Elites and the Politics of Alliance Building

Wolfram Lacher

5. Mobilized Publics in Post-Qadhafi Libya: The Emergence of New Modes of Popular Protest in Tripoli and Ubari

Rafaa Tabib

6. Islamists, Secularists and Old Regime Elites in Tunisia: Bargained Competition

Amel Boubekeur

7. Contested Transformation: Mobilized Publics in Tunisia between Compliance and Protest

Anna Antonakis-Nashif

8. Political Bargaining and Violent Conflict: Shifting Elite Alliances as the Decisive Factor in Yemen’s Transformation

Mareike Transfeld

9. Yemen’s Enduring Resistance: Youth Between Politics and Informal Mobilization

Atiaf Alwazir

10. Conclusion: Explaining the Arab Uprisings: Transformations in comparative perspective

Steven Heydemann

About the Editors

Muriel Asseburg is a Senior Fellow in the Middle East and Africa Division of the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP), the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin. Her research focuses on the Arab-Israeli conflict and questions of state building, political reform and political Islam in the Arab world as well as German, European and US Middle East policies. She recently published Protest, Revolt and Regime Change in the Arab World. Actors, Challenges, Implications and Policy Options (2012).

Heiko Wimmen has been a researcher with Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) since 2009 with a special focus on Lebanon and Syria. In addition, he pursues a PhD project on political activism and social mobilization in divided societies of the Middle East and the Balkans. Recent publications include Democratic Transition in the Middle East. Unmaking power (2012) and Emerging Powers and the Middle East (2010).

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Mediterranean Politics

The Mediterranean Politics series takes an inter-disciplinary approach which, while generally focused on the disciplines of politics and international relations, also encompasses economics, human geography, sociology, and religious studies, in order to shed light on the interconnectedness of polities and societies in the Mediterranean region. The series takes the study of Mediterranean politics as a focal point to examine the global and transnational linkages between the Mediterranean area and the wider world. Showcasing cutting edge new research on regional, transnational and comparative politics, it provides a forum for the discussion of Mediterranean politics with special reference to the interaction between European and Middle Eastern & North African countries.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Civics & Citizenship
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / Civil Rights
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Corruption & Misconduct