The Sierra Club’s Fourteenth Biennial Wilderness Conference was cosponsored by the National Audubon Society, with over 100 organizations participating. It was among the largest assemblies ever held of statesmen, scientists, lawyers, conservationists, and government and UN officials concerned with the preservation, protection, and restoration of natural areas and wildlife. This volume contains the major papers and statements from panel sessions. In coverage and comprehensiveness, it is nothing less than a compendium and handbook on protection and conservation of the Earth’s natural areas.
Table of Contents
Other Titles in This Series -- Foreword -- Preface -- Ceremonies and Major Addresses -- Opening Ceremony -- World Environment Day Message from the Secretary-General of the United Nations -- World Environment Day Message from the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme -- EARTHCARE: A Petition -- Presentation of the EARTHCARE Petition to the United Nations -- Opening Plenary Session -- Welcome -- The Evolution of EARTHCARE— From Wilderness to Global Protection -- Banquet -- 47 -- 51 -- 61 -- A Call to Action -- Formal Conference Sessions -- Natural Systems -- 103 -- Introduction -- Atmospheric Pollution and Energy Production -- 131 -- The Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment -- The Great Ocean Debate: A Clash of Realities -- The Hydrologic Cycle: Coastal Marine and Island Environments -- Conservation of the Coastal Marine Environment: A North European Viewpoint -- The Coastal-Zone Development Dilemma of Island Systems -- The Hydrologic Cycle: Rivers -- 191 -- Development Projects in the Nile Basin, with Special Reference to Disease Repercussions -- The Hydrologic Cycle: Freshwater Wetlands -- Wetlands: Assessment and Access -- Wetland Conservation and Management Problems -- Terrestrial Ecosystems: Temperate Forests -- 309 -- 324 -- 337 -- Emphasis on Tropical Rain Forests: An Introduction -- 347 -- 359 -- Conservation Problems of Savannahs and Other Grasslands -- 411 -- The Perplexity of Desert Preservation in a Threatening World -- The Nature of Desert Ecosystems -- Mareotis: A Productive Coastal Desert in Egypt -- The Polar Regions -- 479 -- 513 -- Environmental Laws and Conventions: Toward Societal Compacts with Nature -- Human Settlement and Natural Areas -- Nature and Human Settlement -- Interdependence: The Interaction of Societies and Ecosystems -- 567 -- 583 -- 599 -- 617 -- The Urgency of Preserving Natural Ecosystems -- Ecologically Sound Development in a Developed Country: Canada -- Opportunities for Environmental Protection in the Developing World -- Institutional Measures for the Preservation of Ecosystems -- 660 -- Habitat Management: Problems and Prospects -- National Parks: Atonement for Environmental Sins -- Biotic Impoverishment -- Private Action for the Global Protection of Natural Areas -- United Nations Environment Programme -- Zapovedniks: National Preserves of the Soviet Union -- 765 -- The Invasion of Cyprus and the Huge Environmental Price -- Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment -- Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, Especially as Waterfowl Habitat -- Appendix C -- Resolution Adopted by the Tropical Forests Panel -- Zapovedniks in the Soviet Union -- Biographical Information -- Conference Participanto -- Credits