The Chair on Ecodesign for buildings and infrastructures was created by ParisTech in partnership with VINCI with the aim of developing evaluation and simulation tools that integrate all ecodesign aspects (e.g. greenhouse gas emissions, impact on biodiversity, depletion of resources, etc.) and provide genuine decision-aid instruments, based on a scientific approach, to all those involved in the urban environment (i.e. designers, builders and users).
The present book takes stock of five years of research under the Chair. It starts by presenting some methodological bases of ecodesign, life cycle assessments, impact studies, and methods for planning and transport. Several specific subjects are then covered, i.e. public transport, parking, road traffic, the environmental profile of building materials, building retrofits, energy management, and biodiversity. The last part of the book sets out how the knowledge and tools developed under the Chair were applied to a case study: Cité Descartes in Marne la Vallée (Ile de France).
This work is aimed at urban planners, local authorities, contracting clients, architects, engineering firms, contractors, building managers, research lecturers, and anyone interested in the environmental quality of the places we live in.
"The book is well-presented and is a good mix between new insights on a theoretical level, detailed description of models and tools and application possibilities in the case study. It is founded on well-known environmental approaches and builds on new insights into current sustainable-oriented techniques.
Due to the multiple approaches, the book is of interest to a large community of urban and transportation planners, architects, building-oriented engineers and contractors. It is aimed at professionals researchers and teachers in the field of energy, life cycle and environmental impact as well as local authorities and teachers."
Prof. Niklaus Kohler, professor at the Department of Architecture, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany.
Introduction: background, new targets resulting from corporate social responsibility
Bruno Peuportier, Fabien Leurent & Jean Roger-Estrade
Part 1: Methodological bases
1. Using eco-design tools as a cognitive support for creating the urban fabric
Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel & Franck Aggeri
2. Life cycle assessment applied to neighbourhoods
3. Methods for evaluating environmental impacts. Analysis and proposals
Jean Roger-Estrade, Samuel Maurice, Géraldine Thomas-Vallejo, Marie Aurenche & Joël Michelin
4. The planning of territorial facilities taking an ecodesign approach: principles and methods for land use and transportation
Part 2: Practicing eco-design
5. Urban economics and passenger transportation: concentrate flows, design lines
François Combes, Fabien Leurent & Sheng Li
6. The eco-design of parking systems: systemic analysis and simulation tool
Fabien Leurent, Houda Boujnah & Alexis Poulhès
7. Eco-operation of road traffic
8. A model of passenger traffic in public transport, sensitive to capacity constraints
Ektoras Chandakas, Fabien Leurent & Alexis Poulhès
9. Environmental information module of construction materials
Adélaïde Feraille, Fernanda Gomes Rivallain & Yannick Tardivel
10. Retrofitting buildings
Mathieu Rivallain, Bruno Peuportier & Olivier Baverel
11. Energy efficient building control strategies
Bérenger Favre & Bruno Peuportier
12. Ecodesign in practice: How does urban biodiversity fit in?
Alexandre Henry & Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste
Part 3: Application on a case study, Cité Descartes
13. Extended Cité Descartes: a territory to ecodesign
14. Territory and transport in a metropolitan context
Thierno Aw, Nicolas Coulombel, Fabien Leurent, Sergio Millan-Lopez & Alexis Poulhès
15. Activities, accessibility and mobility at neighbourhood scale
Houda Boujnah, Nicolas Coulombel, Natalia Kotelnikova-Weiler, Fabien Leurent, Sergio Millan-Lopez & Alexis Poulhès
16. Comparison of urban morphologies using life cycle assessment
Eric Vorger, Grégory Herfray & Bruno Peuportier
17. Study of Cité Descartes: Application of tools to consider biodiversity for urban developments
Alexandre Henry & Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste
Conclusions and perspectives
The Sustainable Cities Research Series was set up in 2016, and focusses on ecodesign theory and applications in urban and building design. The first volume published covers the topics Ecodesign of buildings, neighbourhoods, and infrastructure, including transport and land use modeling, energy performance of buildings, biodiversity issues. We would be delighted to consider new book proposals for publishing in the series, please contact the series editor for further information.
The objective of this series is to provide knowledge on green urban design to help architects, engineers, researchers and students including beginners in the field with their actual works. Each book of the series provides knowledge from the fundamentals to the cutting edge on a specific aspect of ecodesign by explaining essential results that an excellent researcher obtained throughout his/her career. Although some of the results may already have been published in high level academic journals, the author can better and more comprehensively explain the research to the readers in book form than in papers published in the journals. The compilation of the many essential results in the book offers the reader a panoramic view at a glance as to how to develop research in the field, and furthermore enables the audience to see far ahead into the future of the field.
This series covers the field of ecodesign related to thermal and energy simulation of buildings, land use and transport integrated models, life cycle assessment applied to buildings and infrastructure, impact assessment of urban districts in terms of biodiversity. It also covers the field of technological innovation (e.g. smart cities, renewable energy systems, urban agriculture), environmental concerns (carbon neutrality, air quality, noise pollution, effects of climate change) and sociological aspects regarding the inhabitants’ behaviour (e.g. domestic waste sorting, water and energy saving etc.) among other areas.