Eco-design of Buildings and Infrastructure: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Eco-design of Buildings and Infrastructure

1st Edition

Edited by Bruno Peuportier, Fabien Leurent, Jean Roger-Estrade

CRC Press

382 pages

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pub: 2016-10-05
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Description

The Chair on Ecodesign for buildings and infrastructures was created by ParisTech in partnership with VINCI with the aim of developing evaluation and simulation tools that integrate all ecodesign aspects (e.g. greenhouse gas emissions, impact on biodiversity, depletion of resources, etc.) and provide genuine decision-aid instruments, based on a scientific approach, to all those involved in the urban environment (i.e. designers, builders and users).

The present book takes stock of five years of research under the Chair. It starts by presenting some methodological bases of ecodesign, life cycle assessments, impact studies, and methods for planning and transport. Several specific subjects are then covered, i.e. public transport, parking, road traffic, the environmental profile of building materials, building retrofits, energy management, and biodiversity. The last part of the book sets out how the knowledge and tools developed under the Chair were applied to a case study: Cité Descartes in Marne la Vallée (Ile de France).

This work is aimed at urban planners, local authorities, contracting clients, architects, engineering firms, contractors, building managers, research lecturers, and anyone interested in the environmental quality of the places we live in.

Reviews

"The book is well-presented and is a good mix between new insights on a theoretical level, detailed description of models and tools and application possibilities in the case study. It is founded on well-known environmental approaches and builds on new insights into current sustainable-oriented techniques.

Due to the multiple approaches, the book is of interest to a large community of urban and transportation planners, architects, building-oriented engineers and contractors. It is aimed at professionals researchers and teachers in the field of energy, life cycle and environmental impact as well as local authorities and teachers."

Prof. Niklaus Kohler, professor at the Department of Architecture, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany.

Table of Contents

Introduction: background, new targets resulting from corporate social responsibility

Bruno Peuportier, Fabien Leurent & Jean Roger-Estrade

Part 1: Methodological bases

1. Using eco-design tools as a cognitive support for creating the urban fabric

Rebecca Pinheiro-Croisel & Franck Aggeri

2. Life cycle assessment applied to neighbourhoods

Bruno Peuportier

3. Methods for evaluating environmental impacts. Analysis and proposals

Jean Roger-Estrade, Samuel Maurice, Géraldine Thomas-Vallejo, Marie Aurenche & Joël Michelin

4. The planning of territorial facilities taking an ecodesign approach: principles and methods for land use and transportation

Fabien Leurent

Part 2: Practicing eco-design

5. Urban economics and passenger transportation: concentrate flows, design lines

François Combes, Fabien Leurent & Sheng Li

6. The eco-design of parking systems: systemic analysis and simulation tool

Fabien Leurent, Houda Boujnah & Alexis Poulhès

7. Eco-operation of road traffic

Vincent Aguiléra

8. A model of passenger traffic in public transport, sensitive to capacity constraints

Ektoras Chandakas, Fabien Leurent & Alexis Poulhès

9. Environmental information module of construction materials

Adélaïde Feraille, Fernanda Gomes Rivallain & Yannick Tardivel

10. Retrofitting buildings

Mathieu Rivallain, Bruno Peuportier & Olivier Baverel

11. Energy efficient building control strategies

Bérenger Favre & Bruno Peuportier

12. Ecodesign in practice: How does urban biodiversity fit in?

Alexandre Henry & Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste

Part 3: Application on a case study, Cité Descartes

13. Extended Cité Descartes: a territory to ecodesign

Fabien Leurent

14. Territory and transport in a metropolitan context

Thierno Aw, Nicolas Coulombel, Fabien Leurent, Sergio Millan-Lopez & Alexis Poulhès

15. Activities, accessibility and mobility at neighbourhood scale

Houda Boujnah, Nicolas Coulombel, Natalia Kotelnikova-Weiler, Fabien Leurent, Sergio Millan-Lopez & Alexis Poulhès

16. Comparison of urban morphologies using life cycle assessment

Eric Vorger, Grégory Herfray & Bruno Peuportier

17. Study of Cité Descartes: Application of tools to consider biodiversity for urban developments

Alexandre Henry & Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste

Conclusions and perspectives

About the Editors

Bruno Peuportier holds an engineering degree from the Ecole Centrale de Paris, and a PhD degree from Universite Paris VI. He is presently senior scientist at the Centre for Energy Efficiency of Systems of MINES Paristech, Paris. He has developed software tools for green design: COMFIE (thermal simulation) and EQUER (life cycle assessment). He has carried out several demonstration projects regarding the construction or renovation of public housing, office buildings and schools, and has coordinated several European projects in these fields.

Fabien Leurent is senior scientist at Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Laboratory on City, Mobility and Transportation. He is specialized in territorial system analysis and transportation networks, about which he developed a number of models, from traffic models to economic models of supply-demand equilibrium. His main research interests pertain to urban mobility and its different modes from the car to transit passing by shared vehicles and to the interaction between land use and transportation systems, with special emphasis on the formation of housing prices.

Jean Roger-Estrade is teaching soil science and agroecology to undergraduate and graduate students, with, for the later, a special interest for the modelling of the effects of cropping systems on soil quality and biodiversity. His research interests are conservation agriculture, urban agriculture and the effects of these activities on biodiversity. He has carried out several projects related to the assessment of the ecological impacts of infrastructures and the modeling of biodiversity in urban areas. He is presently member of the executive committee of the Chair Eco-design of buildings and infrastructures.

About the Series

Sustainable Cities Research Series

The Sustainable Cities Research Series was set up in 2016, and focusses on ecodesign theory and applications in urban and building design. The first volume published covers the topics Ecodesign of buildings, neighbourhoods, and infrastructure, including transport and land use modeling, energy performance of buildings, biodiversity issues. We would be delighted to consider new book proposals for publishing in the series, please contact the series editor for further information.

The objective of this series is to provide knowledge on green urban design to help architects, engineers, researchers and students including beginners in the field with their actual works. Each book of the series provides knowledge from the fundamentals to the cutting edge on a specific aspect of ecodesign by explaining essential results that an excellent researcher obtained throughout his/her career. Although some of the results may already have been published in high level academic journals, the author can better and more comprehensively explain the research to the readers in book form than in papers published in the journals. The compilation of the many essential results in the book offers the reader a panoramic view at a glance as to how to develop research in the field, and furthermore enables the audience to see far ahead into the future of the field.

This series covers the field of ecodesign related to thermal and energy simulation of buildings, land use and transport integrated models, life cycle assessment applied to buildings and infrastructure, impact assessment of urban districts in terms of biodiversity. It also covers the field of technological innovation (e.g. smart cities, renewable energy systems, urban agriculture), environmental concerns (carbon neutrality, air quality, noise pollution, effects of climate change) and sociological aspects regarding the inhabitants’ behaviour (e.g. domestic waste sorting, water and energy saving etc.) among other areas.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC063000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Structural