1st Edition

Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

ISBN 9781560221210
Published August 31, 2005 by CRC Press
414 Pages

USD $74.95

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Book Description

The impact of rising levels of greenhouse gases—and the global consequences for crops!

Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas that causes global warming and directly impacts every aspect of plant life and indirectly impacts animal and human life. Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have risen dramatically over the past century, and though this could mean opportunities for better growth and increased yield of certain crops, other factors like weather extremes and changes to plant physiology may mitigate the positive effects. Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide comprehensively analyzes every aspect of crop responses to increasing carbon dioxide as well as their productional significance for the world. Changes in the growth rate and yield of crops are explored, with attention given to the consequences of coming weather changes on production and the expected economic impact.

Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide takes the data gleaned from careful research to provide an in-depth vision of the impact of carbon dioxide on global temperatures, plant physiology, and the ecological and economic future of our world. Respected authorities thoroughly discuss the research detailing the complete range of issues from plant growth under increased carbon dioxide levels to the impact of rising air temperatures to the evolving ecophysiological responses within various crops. Extensive references provide opportunities for further research while detailed tables and graphs clearly illustrate data.

Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide explores the effects of carbon dioxide enrichment on:

  • plants, crops, and vegetation—is it beneficial?
  • growth, yield, and photosynthetic responses in rice
  • the photosynthetic capacity and productivity of rice under field conditions—and the role of nitrogen fertilization
  • forage and grain nitrogen content
  • potato crops
  • crop responses including interaction with temperature
  • the growth of maize
  • different agricultural systems around the world—such as central and southeastern Europe, northern climates, Sudan, citrus-growing regions, and others
  • the production ecophysiology of Hungarian green pepper
  • and much more!
The impending changes in our world make Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide a valuable text for educators and postgraduate students in the field of plant ecology and crop production and an essential resource for researchers in the fields of plant ecology, ecophysiology, agricultural crop production, and environmental sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Foreword
  • Is the Long-Term Elevated Air CO2 Environment Beneficial for Plants, Crops, and Vegetation? (Zoltán Tuba)
  • Rice Growth, Yield, and Photosynthetic Responses to Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Drought (J. T. Baker and L. H. Allen, Jr.)
  • Response of Rice to p(CO2) Enrichment: The Relationship Between Photosynthesis and Nitrogen Metabolism (S. Seneweera, A. Makino, T. Mae, and A. S. Basra)
  • Photosynthetic Capacity and Productivity of CO2-Enriched Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Under Field Conditions: The Role of N Fertilization (Harry Harmens, David J. Marriott, and Trevor W. Ashenden)
  • CO2 Enrichment Effects on Forage and Grain Nitrogen Content of Pasture and Cereal Plants (H. J. Weigel and R. Manderscheid)
  • The Effect of Elevated Levels of Carbon Dioxide on Potato Crops: A Review (J. M. Finnan, A. Donnelly, M. B. Jones, and J. I. Burke)
  • Crop Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide and Interaction with Temperature: Grain Legumes (P. V. Vara Prasad, L. H. Allen, Jr., and K. J. Boote)
  • Crop Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide and Interactions with Temperature: Cotton (K. Raja Reddy, P. V. Vara Prasad, and V. Gopal Kakani)
  • The Effects of Natural CO2 Enrichment on the Growth of Maize (D. Vodnik, H. Šircelj, D. Kastelec, I. Macek, H. Pfanz, and F. Batic)
  • The Effects of Elevated CO2 and Its Interaction with Water Stress on a C4 Pasture Species (Blepharis linariifolia) Native to Sudan (S. Zaki-Eldeen and M. B. Jones)
  • Increase in Atmospheric CO2 and Ambient Temperatures in the North: Promises and Drawbacks for Crop Production (K. Hakala, H. Laurila, and T. Mela)
  • Climate Change and CO2 Effects on Productivity of Danish Agricultural Systems (Jørgen E. Olesen)
  • Interactive Effects of CO2 and O3 on the Growth of Trisetum flavescens and Trifolium pratense Grown in Monoculture or a Bi-Species Mixture (C. Haldemann and J. Fuhrer)
  • The Potential Effect of Climate Change and Elevated Air Carbon Dioxide on Agricultural Crop Production in Central and Southeastern Europe (Vesselin A. Alexandrov and Josef Eitzinger)
  • Production Ecophysiology of Hungarian Green Pepper Under Elevated Air CO2 Concentration (Lajos Helyes, Zoltán Tuba, János Balogh, and Katalin Réti)
  • Physiological and Yield Responses of Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Exposed to Elevated CO2 Concentrations in a Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) (Marco Bindi, Antonio Raschi, Mario Lanini, Francesco Miglietta, and Roberto Tognetti)
  • Photosynthesis, Growth, and Yield of Citrus at Elevated Atmospheric CO2 (Joseph C. V. Vu)
  • The Effect of Elevated Atmospheric CO2 Concentration on Two Populus Clones Grown in a FACE System (Roberto Tognetti and Antonio Raschi)
  • Limited Increase of Agricultural Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Stocks Due to Increased Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations (Pete Smith)
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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