Climate change, and also other factors, are capable of bringing about major disasters on a scale hitherto unimaginable. Ecological and other risks, besides having scientific and technological dimensions, are also a subject of study for social scientists, concerned with how disasters and potential disasters are noticed, perceived, guarded against, managed once they have occurred, and coped with after they have happened. This book considers a range of ecological risks and disasters and how they are managed in both China and Europe. It examines how far risks and disasters are perceived and managed in different ways in Europe and China, explores how an increasing humanitarian approach to "vulnerable people" being taken up in Europe is also being adopted in China, and assesses how far the management of disasters differs from wider government management of more ordinary aspects of everyday life. The book argues that the same stresses and strains which are present in normal society are there also, in enhanced form, in disaster situations.
Part I Risks, Disasters and Crisis 1. Collective Risks and Crises: From the Extraordinary to the Ordinary, Claude Gilbert 2. The Structure and Change of Social Trust during Post-disaster Reconstruction: An Example of Wenchuan Earthquake-affected Population, Zhao Yandong and Shi Changhui 3. A Study on the Internal Generation Mechanism of the Post-disaster Reconstruction—Case Analysis of Villages and Towns Surrounding Mianzhu Aftrer Wenchuan Earthquake in China, Luo Hongguang and Liu Zhengai Part II Risks, Spatial and Social Differentiation 4. Risks, Planning and Socio-spatio-temporal Differentiation, Valerie November 5. Knowledge, Trust, Risk Perception, and Acceptance: A Sociological Analysis on Public Acceptance of GM Crops in China, He Guang-xi, Zhao Yan-dong, Zhang Wen-xia and Xue Pin 6. Towards a Cosmopolitical Perspective on Environmental Justice and Citizens’ Right of the City, Guillaume Faburel 7. The path-dependent Development of Dutch Flood Risk Management, Sander Meijerink Part III Spaces, Life Exposed and New Inequalities 8. The Moral Side of Disaster: Religion and Post-quake Recognition Regimes in Java, Loïs Bastide 9. Reducing Double Risks in Ecological Degradation and Poverty-- A Research on Ecological Migration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China, Li Peilin and Wang Xiaoyi 10. Life Exposed, Inequalities and Moral Economies in Post-disaster Societies: China, Japan, Indonesia, Laurence Roulleau-Berger Part IV Risks, Disasters and Mobilizations 11. A Bottom-up Counterpart Assistance for Revitalization of Community after Great East Japan Earthquake: A Case of a Volunteer Network ‘Team North Rias’ Supporting Noda Village, Motohiko Nagata 12. Dwelling in Polluted Places: How Issues about Health Risks are Raised, Avoided or Kept Silent in Two Southern French Towns, Christelle Gramaglia 13. Drought risk in Ordos of China: Social Causes and Social Responses, Xun Lili