Ecological Toxicity Testing provides a critical comparison of toxicity tests at different levels of biological organization from cells to landscapes. While ecological toxicity tests can be designed at any of the many levels of complexity and on spatial scales ranging from square millimeters to square kilometers, the uses to which this information can be put often differs with scale. In the past decade, tests at all levels have been refined and subjected to critical evaluations of their predictive accuracy.
This text/reference includes evaluations of toxicity test systems at various scales and complexities by expert practitioners. It also offers broader analyses of the effects of scale on endpoint selection, test design and analyses, and chemical sensitivity.
Table of Contents
The Genesis of Ecotoxicology, J. Cairns, Jr.
The Boundary between Ecology and Toxicology: A Sociologist's Perspective, W. Halffman
Endpoints of Interest at Different Levels of Biological Organization, G.W. Suter II
Role and Significance of Scale to Ecotoxicology, K.T. Perez
Design and Analysis of Multispecies Experiments, E.P. Smith
Development and Current Use of Single Species Aquatic Toxicity Tests, D.I. Mount
Are Single Species Toxicity Test Results Valid Indicators of Effects to Aquatic Communities? B.R. Parkhurst
Naturally Derived Microbial Communities as Receptors in Toxicity Tests, B.R. Niederlehner and J. Cairns,Jr.
The Use of Constructed or Artificial Ponds in Simulated Field Studies, J.H. Kennedy, P.C. Johnson, and Z.B. Johnson
The Use of Stream Microcosms in Multispecies Testing, K.W. Pontasch
Landscape-Scale Effects of Toxic Events for Ecological Risk Assessment, L. Fahrig and K. Freemark
Progress in Toxicity Testing-An Academic's Viewpoint, K.L. Dickson
Future Trends in Ecotoxicology, J. Cairns, Jr.