With increasing pressure on resources, the looming spectre of climate change and growing anxiety among eaters, ecology and food are at the heart of the political debates surrounding agriculture and diet. This unique contribution unravels agri-environmental issues at different spatial levels, from local to global, documenting the major shifts in agriculture from a long-term perspective.
The book begins by exploring the changes in the industrialisation and socialisation of agriculture over time, through the lens of institutional economics including The French Regulation School and Conventions Theory. Building on Polanyi’s ‘Great Transformation’, the chapters in this volume analyse long-term and contemporary changes in agriculture and food systems that have occurred throughout the last few centuries. Key chapters focus on the historical changes in provisioning and the social relations of production, consumption, and regulation of food in different socio-political contexts. The future of agriculture is addressed through an analysis of controversial contemporary political claims and their engagement with strategies that aim to improve the sustainability of agriculture and food consumption.
To shed light on ongoing changes and the future of food, this book asks important environmental and social questions and analyses how industrial agriculture has played out in various contexts. It is recommended supplementary reading for postgraduates and researchers in agricultural studies, food studies, food policy, the agri-food political economy and political and economic geography.
1 Introduction: industrialisation and socialisation of agriculture, towards new regimes Gilles Allaire and Benoit Daviron
PART I Novel approaches and theories of global agri-economies in the second Great Transformation
2 The ambivalence of the capitalist socialisation of agriculture Gilles Allaire
3 Regulation Theory and transformation of agriculture: a literature review Jean-Marc Touzard and Pierre Labarthe
4 Convention Theory in Anglophone agri-food studies: French legacies, circulation and new perspectives Emmanuelle Cheyns and Stefano Ponte
5 The new autocracy in food and agriculture Lawrence Busch
PART II Ongoing transformations of the agri-economy
6 Energy, biomass and hegemony: a long history of transformations of agricultures Benoit Daviron and Gilles Allaire
7 Food Regime Analysis: a reassessment John Wilkinson and David Goodman
8 The Holstein cow as an institution of the agricultural modernisation project: commodity or common good? Julie Labatut and Germain Tesnière
9 Transitions towards a European bioeconomy: Life Sciences versus agroecology trajectories Les Levidow, Martino Nieddu, Franck-Dominique Vivien and Nicolas Béfort
PART III Cases studies: competition in markets and policies
10 Organic farming in France: an alternative project or conventionalisation? Thomas Poméon, Allison Loconto, Eve Fouilleux and Sylvaine Lemeilleur
11 Japanese agri-food in transition D. Hugh Whittaker and Robert Scollay
12 Transforming the dairy sector in post-communist economies: actors and strategies Pascal Grouiez and Petia Koleva
13 Large-scale land investments and financialisation of agriculture: an analysis based on agro-financial filières Antoine Ducastel and Ward Anseeuw
14 Conclusion: alternative sketches of a Second Great Transformation Benoit Daviron and Gilles Allaire