This volume presents the results of a three-year collaborative effort involving research institutions in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. Case studies demonstrate the diversity of environmental problems to which a variety of economic instruments can be applied - air and water pollution, packaging, deforestation, over-grazing, wildlife. They also show what is needed for them to work successfully and the pitfalls to avoid in introducing them, providing guidance for future applications. Written to be accessible to non-economists, the book offers source material for students and academic economists, as well as for professionals working with economic instruments.
Table of Contents
Introduction by J A Rietbergen-McCraken * Africa Region Case Studies: The Botswana Tribal Grazing Land Policy: A Property Rights Study * The Management of Forest Reserves in Botswana * Promoting a Sustainable Water Supply in Botswana * Wildlife User Rights in Zimbabwe * Human and Solid Waste Management in Urban Africa: A Case Study of Accra, Gaborone and Harare * Asia Region Case Studies: Malaysian Palm Oil Pollution Tax * Thailand's Unleaded Gasoline Price Differential * Groundwater Pricing in Thailand * Thai Industrial Estate Water Treatment Fee * Entrance Fees for Users of Khao Yai National Park, Thailand * Eastern and Central Europe Region Case Studies: Sulphur Dioxide Emission Charge in Poland * Product Charge on Packaging in Hungary * Water Pollution Charge in Poland * Water Abstraction Fee in Hungary * Latin America Region Case Studies: Wastewater Effluent Charge in Mexico * Water Pollution Taxes in Colombia * Air Pollution Tradable Permits in Santiago, Chile * Forestry Taxes and Fiscal Compensation in Brazil * Glossary * Index
Hussein Abaza is Chief of the Economics and trade Unit at UNEP. Jennifer Rietbergen-McCraken is a freelance consultant specializing in the social aspects of sustainable development.