Ecotoxicology: A Hierarchical Treatment, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Ecotoxicology

A Hierarchical Treatment, 1st Edition

By Michael C. Newman, Charles H. Jagoe

CRC Press

432 pages

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Hardback: 9781566701273
pub: 1996-01-12
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Description

In Ecotoxicology: A Hierarchical Treatment, 20 recognized experts from around the world identify and present the fundamental concepts of ecotoxicology at the biological level central to their own research. Superbly organized, the book proceeds sequentially by chapter from the chemical to cellular to the ecosystem level, making it easy to read, understand, and use.

Specifically, each author identifies important hypotheses, paradigms, "false" paradigms, or new techniques in his or her research area. As a result, this book is a stimulating progressive treatment of ecotoxicology at all levels of organization. Each chapter draws mechanistic interpretation from the next lower level and attempts to predict effects at the next higher level. This innovative approach underscores ecotoxicology's potential for development into a new discipline and makes Ecotoxicology: A Hierarchical Treatment the definitive reference at this crucial juncture.

Reviews

"I am excited about this book! I would certainly welcome it as an addition to my library…a valuable contribution to the field of ecotoxicology."

-Alan McIntosh, Director, Vermont Water Resources and Lake Studies Center

Table of Contents

Ecotoxicology as a Science, M.C. Newman

Ecotoxicology Assessed from a Scientific Context

Ecotoxicology and the Qualities of a Scientific Discipline

The Emergence of Ecotoxicology as a Science

Ecotoxicology of Metals in the Aquatic Environment: Geochemical Aspects, P.G.C. Campbell and A. Tessier

Introduction

Geochemical Considerations

Interactions between Dissolved Trace Metals and Aquatic Organisms

Interactions between Particulate Trace Metals and Aquatic Organisms

Ecotoxicological Considerations - Metallothionein as a Biochemical Indicator of Metal-Induced Stress

Ecotoxicants at the Cell-Membrane Barrier, K. Simkiss

Background

Origin of the Concepts on Membrane Permeability

Entry into the Cell

Complex Interactions

Membrane Ecotoxicology

Membranes in the Ecotoxicology Hierarchy

Evaluation of Organic Contaminant Exposure in Aquatic Organisms: The Significance of Bioconcentration and Bioaccumulation, P. Landrum, G.A. Harkey, and J. Kukkonen

Introduction

Aqueous Exposures

Sediment Exposures

Food Web Transfer

Estimation Methods

Steady-State Models

Uses and Limits of Toxicokinetics

Bioavailability

Utility and Assessment

Molecular Markers to Toxic Agents, L.R. Shugart

The Problem

Biological Markers

Molecular Markers to Toxicants

Genetic Ecotoxicology

Conclusions

Responses at the Tissue Level: Quantitative Methods in Histopathology Applied to Ecotoxicology, C.H. Jagoe

Conceptual Background

The Necessity of Quantitation

Methods for Quantifying Effects at the Cell and Tissue Levels

An Example: Effects of Low pH and Dissolved Metals on Fish Gills

Conclusion

Effects of Pollutants on Individual Life Histories and Population Growth Rates, R.M. Sibly

Introduction

Effects of Pollutants on Individual Organisms, and the Consequences for Population Growth Rate

Population Density and Population Ecology

Evolutionary Analysis

Conclusions

Ecologically Meaningful Estimates of Lethal Effect in Individuals, M.C. Newman and P.M. Dixon

Overview

The Dose-Response (Time Endpoint) Approach

The Time-Response (Survival Time) Approach

Conclusion

Demography Meets Ecotoxicology: Untangling the Population Levels Effects of Toxic Substances, H. Caswell

Introduction

Demographic Models

Life Table Response Experiments

Decomposing Treatment Effects: Why and How?

Discussion

Toxicants as Selective Agents in Population and Community Dynamics, R.K. Chesser and D.W. Sugg

Introduction

Methods

Ecosystem Stability

Perturbations

Species Redundancies

Immigration

Generalizations

Effects of Environmental Stressors on Interspecific Interactions of Aquatic Animals, G.J. Atchison, M.B. Sandheinrich, and M.D. Bryan

Overview

General Background

Predation

Competition for Resources

Conclusions

Ecotoxicology and the Redundancy Problem: Understanding Effects on Community Structure and Function, J.R. Pratt and J. Cairns, Jr.

Introduction

Possible Relationships between Structure and Function

Ecosystem Differences

Predictive Approaches

Linking Ecology and Ecotoxicology

Toward a New Ecotoxicology: Slaying Some Myths

Ecosystems and Ecotoxicology: A Personal Perspective, D.W. Schindler

Introduction

A Definition of Ecosystem Ecology

The Conceptual Basis for Evaluating Indicators of Stress in Ecosystems

Summary, C.L. Strojan

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science