Effectiveness of Surge Flow Irrigation in Egypt: Water Use Efficiency in Field Crop Production, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Effectiveness of Surge Flow Irrigation in Egypt

Water Use Efficiency in Field Crop Production, 1st Edition

Edited by Ismael Mahmoud

CRC Press

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Paperback: 9789058096555
pub: 2003-01-01
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Hardback: 9781138474710
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Description

Egypt is a country of tremendous land resources but limited water resources The area of cultivated land is only 3.2 per cent of the gross area. The river Nile is the main sources of water. In the recent years the Governement established large-scale agricultural projects in light of food security related to the population growth. Expansion of irrigated agriculture has to be predomantly relalized bt increasing the water use efficiency. In Egypt, the dominant irrigation method is surface irrigation, which covers approximately 83 per cent of the irrigated areas. Surface irrigation or gravity methods are generally characterized by a low efficiency. One opportunity to increase the efficiency is to convert surface irrigation to modern irrigation systems, which are generaly highly expensive for a country like Egypt. Another option to increase the efficiency of surface irrigation systems is to convert the traditional irrigation method based on continuous flow to surge flow irrigation. Surge flow irrigation is the intermittent application of water to furrows in a series of relatively short on and off time periods.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General