This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
The world's interest in reducing petroleum use has led to the rapid development of the biofuel industry over the past decade or so. However, there is increasing concern over how current food-based biofuels affect both food security and the environment. Second-generation biofuels, however, use widely available sources such as non-food lignocellulosic-based biomass and fats, oils, and greases. They make practical consideration of how land use can simultaneously support both the world's food needs and some of its energy needs.
This volume consolidates some of the most recent investigations into these issues. The chapters focus on these categories of research:
- The problems currently connected with biofuels relating to land use and the environment
- Investigations into the potential for land use to be managed more effectively and sustainably
- Research that focuses on new and developing options for second-generation biofuels
This volume is recommended for all biofuel researchers, from the PhD student to the experienced scientist. It also offers an essential foundation to anyone interested in how biofuels relate to the future of our world.
Table of Contents
Part I: Land Use and Biofuels
The Importance of Land Use Change in the Environmental Balance of Biofuels; Wassim Ben Aoun, Benoît Gabrielle, and Bruno Gagnepain
Energy Potential and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Bioenergy Cropping Systems on Marginally Productive Cropland; Marty R. Schmer, Kenneth P. Vogel, Gary E. Varvel, Ronald F. Follett, Robert B. Mitchell, and Virginia L. Jin
Integration of Farm Fossil Fuel Use with Local Scale Assessments of Biofuel Feedstock Production in Canada; J. A. Dyer, R. L. Desjardins, B. G. McConkey, S. Kulshreshtha, and X. P. C. Vergé
Evaluating the Marginal Land Resources Suitable for Developing Bioenergy in Asia; Jingying Fu, Dong Jiang, Yaohuan Huang, Dafang Zhuang, and Wei Ji
Energy Potential of Biomass from Conservation Grasslands in Minnesota, USA; Jacob M. Jungers, Joseph E. Fargione, Craig C. Sheaffer, Donald L. Wyse, and Clarence Lehman
Seasonal Energy Storage Using Bioenergy Production from Abandoned Croplands; J. Elliott Campbell, David B. Lobell, Robert C. Genova, Andrew Zumkehr, and Christopher B. Field
Part II: Second-Generation Biofuels and Sustainability
Biodiesel from Grease Interceptor to Gas Tank; Alyse Mary E. Ragauskas, Yunqiao Pu, and Art J. Ragauskas
Efficient Extraction of Xylan from Delignified Corn Stover Using Dimethyl Sulfoxide; John Rowley, Stephen R. Decker, William Michener, and Stuart Black
The Possibility of Future Biofuels Production Using Waste Carbon Dioxide and Solar Energy; Krzysztof Biernat, Artur Malinowski, and Malwina Gnat
Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Ethanol from Corn, Sugarcane and Cellulosic Biomass for US Use; Michael Wang, Jeongwoo Han, Jennifer B. Dunn, Hao Cai, and Amgad Elgowainy
Lessons from First Generation Biofuels and Implications for the Sustainability Appraisal of Second Generation Biofuels; Alison Mohr and Sujatha Raman
Barnabas Gikonyo graduated from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois (2007), with a PhD in organic and materials chemistry. He currently teaches organic and general chemistry classes at the State University of New York Geneseo, along with corresponding laboratories and the oversight of general chemistry labs. His research interests range from the application of various biocompatible, polymeric materials as "biomaterial bridging surfaces" for the repair of spinal cord injuries, to the use of osteoconductive cements for the repair of critical sized bone defects/fractures. Currently, he is studying the development of alternative, non-food biofuels.