Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery

Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition

By Aiping Yu, Victor Chabot, Jiujun Zhang

CRC Press

373 pages | 20 Color Illus. | 151 B/W Illus.

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Description

Although recognized as an important component of all energy storage and conversion technologies, electrochemical supercapacitators (ES) still face development challenges in order to reach their full potential. A thorough examination of development in the technology during the past decade, Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to the ES from technical and practical aspects and crystallization of the technology, detailing the basics of ES as well as its components and characterization techniques.

The book illuminates the practical aspects of understanding and applying the technology within the industry and provides sufficient technical detail of newer materials being developed by experts in the field which may surface in the future. The book discusses the technical challenges and the practical limitations and their associated parameters in ES technology. It also covers the structure and options for device packaging and materials choices such as electrode materials, electrolyte, current collector, and sealants based on comparison of available data.

Supplying an in depth understanding of the components, design, and characterization of electrochemical supercapacitors, the book has wide-ranging appeal to industry experts and those new to the field. It can be used as a reference to apply to current work and a resource to foster ideas for new devices that will further the technology as it becomes a larger part of main stream energy storage.

Reviews

"… one of the best aspects of this book is in the excellent technical details describing other devices (conventional capacitors and batteries) to illustrate the differences between these energy-storage devices. Also, the condensed but very informative descriptions of some of the equipment used to characterize ES materials (SEM, TEM, x-ray analysis) are very enlightening for those who do not typically use these devices. There are excellent descriptions of the theory and application of these imaging and analytical instrumentations. The book provides a wonderful illustration of electrochemical supercapacitors for understanding the practical aspects of the technology. It also provides sufficient technical details on new materials for possible future use in ES components. Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the components, designs, and characterizations of ES. Those in industry and academia will benefit from this book."

—John J. Shea, from IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, July/August — Vol. 31, No. 4

"This book offers an essential background to researchers involved in the development of supercapacitors and may represent both a reference and a starting point for academic and industrial scientists. Also students and post-graduate fellows will find it a comprehensive and valuable resource."

—Catia Arbizzani, University of Bologna

Table of Contents

Fundamentals of Electric Capacitors

Introduction

Electric Charge, Electric Field, and Electric Potential and Their Implications for Capacitor Cell Voltage

Capacitance Definition and Calculation

Capacitor Charging and Recharging Processes

Energy Storage in Capacitor

Capacitor Containing Electrical Circuits and Corresponding Calculation

Types and Structures of Capacitors

Summary

References

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Double Layer Supercapacitors

Introduction

Electrode and Electrolyte Interfaces and Their Capacitances

Electrode Potential and Double Layer Potential Windows Using Different Electrode Materials and Electrolytes

Capacitance of Porous Carbon Materials

Electrochemical Double Layer Supercapacitors

Energy and Power Densities of Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Supercapacitor Stacking

Double Layer Supercapacitors versus Batteries

Applications of Supercapacitors

Summary

References

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Pseudocapacitors

Introduction

Electrochemical Pseudocapacitance of Electrode–Electrolyte Interface

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Equivalent Circuits

Materials, Electrodes, and Cell Designs

Summary

References

Components and Materials for Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Introduction

Anode and Cathode Structures and Materials

Electrolyte Structures and Materials

Separator Structures

Current Collectors

Sealants

Summary

References

Electrochemical Supercapacitor Design, Fabrication, and Operation

Introduction

Design Considerations

Single Cell Manufacturing

Supercapacitor Stack Manufacturing and Construction

Voltage Cell Balancing

Cell Aging and Voltage Decay

Self Discharging

Patent Review

Major Commercial ES Products

Summary

References

Coupling with Batteries and Fuel Cells

Introduction

Coupling ES Systems with Other Energy Devices

Hybrid Systems

Supercapacitor Integration with Batteries

Supercapacitor Integration with Fuel Cells

System Modeling and Optimization

Improving Dynamic Response and Transient Stability

Summary

References

Characterization and Diagnosis Techniques for Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Introduction

Electrochemical Cell Design and Fabrication

Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)

Charging–Discharging Curve

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)

Physical Characterization of Supercapacitor Materials

Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Method

Summary

References

Applications of Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Introduction

Power Electronics

Memory Protection

Battery Enhancement

Portable Energy Sources

Power Quality Improvement

Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs)

High Power Sensors and Actuators

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Renewable and Off-Peak Energy Storage

Military and Aerospace Applications

Summary

References

Perspectives and Challenges

Introduction

Market Challenges

Electrode Material Challenges

Electrolyte Innovations

Development of Computational Tools

Future Perspectives and Research Directions

References

Index

About the Series

Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science