304 pages | 8 B/W Illus.
This volume examines the policy shifts over the past two and a half decades in the Indian education system. It explores how these shifts have unequivocally established the domination of neoliberal capital in the context of elementary education in India.
• Discusses a range of elementary education policies and programs in India with focus on the policy development in recent decades of neoliberalism.
• Policy analysis from diverse perspectives and varied vantage points by scholars, activists, and practitioners illustrated with contemporary statistics.
• Introduces the key curriculum, assessment and learning debates from contemporary educational discourse.
• Integrates the tools and methods of education policy analysis with basic concepts in education like equality, quantity, equity, quality and, inclusion.
The volume will be essential for scholars and researchers of education, public policy, sociology, politics and South Asian studies.
‘Elementary Education in India: Policy Shifts, Issues and Challenges constitutes an urgent challenge not only to India’s educational system but to the underpinnings of the crisis in which it is perilously enmeshed—the roots and branches of capitalist overproduction and consequent immiseration. Jyoti Raina has assembled a distinguished group of Indian and international educational scholars whose critiques of neoliberalism and education sound the death-knell of efforts to repurpose education to accommodate a capitalist system reeling on its transnationalist heels. Equally important, the book provides readers with new vantage points from which a new system can be built. This stunning work will be of interest to critical educators worldwide.’ — Peter McLaren, Distinguished Professor in Critical Studies, The Attallah College of Educational Studies, Chapman University; and Chair Professor, Northeast Normal University, China
‘The period 1990 to the present has seen a major neoliberal turn in public policy in India in all sectors of education. The policy shifts in elementary education have been of the greatest impact because these touch the very base of India's highly stratified society. There has been a dearth of competent documentations and analyses that set out the causes, trajectories and consequences of these major shifts. The present collection of essays attempts to fill this vacuum by bringing together the perspectives of several Indian and international scholars and practitioners on the contemporary realities of policy and practice in elementary education. This book promises to serve as an important resource world-wide for students and educators as well as for those who work in policy spaces.’ — Shyam B. Menon, Professor of Education, Central Institute of Education, University of Delhi, Delhi; Founder Vice- Chancellor, Ambedkar University, Delhi, India
‘This is an important book that brings together a rich collection of essays on a range of issues that are critical to the present and future of education in India. The larger context is the neo liberal restructuring of education and its fallout as reflected in the changes we are witnessing in schooling especially in the last two decades. The themes dealt with relate to policy shifts in education, privatisation, transformations in curriculum and pedagogical practices, exclusion and discrimination in schooling and so on. There is also an engagement with education as a public good and the challenge of public education, social justice and democratic citizenship, concerns that are increasingly marginalized today. This makes the book a timely contribution as well.’ — Geetha B. Nambissan, Professor of Education, Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
‘At a time when discourse on the public education system is dominated by activist foundations and the practical urge ‘fixing things’ the collection of essays in this book bring back the focus on the underlying national and transnational force field within which the Indian constitutional promise of the Right to Education is playing out. The collection of essays present fresh historical and political analysis and commentary on education in society.’ — Padma M. Sarangpani, Professor of Education, Tata Institute of Social Science, Mumbai, India
‘This volume edited by Jyoti Raina is a direct and critical engagement with the ideas and practices of neo-liberalism as they restructure education with devastating consequences for the institutions of public education. Even more, Raina advances the theory that neoliberalism and the global ideas of the Washington consensus find their partner in the Indian state. This state has abandoned its role of redistribution in favour of the poor, and advancing the conditions for growth of private capital in education. The contributions in the volume highlight myriad themes of these arguments. A must read for scholars and researchers of Indian education.’ — Manisha Priyam, Associate Professor, National Institute for Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi
Part I: The Neoliberal Restructuring of Education
1. Understanding Neoliberal Policy Shifts in Elementary Education in India
Jyoti Raina and Parul
2. Governance, Quality, and Accountability
3. Extending the Neoliberal Agenda to a Forbidden Territory: Public-Private Partnership in School Education in India
4. Education Policies in Conflict with the Freedom Movement’s Educational Vision
5. Public Education: Can it be fixed?
Part II: Schooling, Social Justice, and Critical Pedagogy
6. A Strategy for Exclusion: Neoliberal Policy in Education
7. Consensualised Reproduction and Fasciation of Society: Critical Pedagogy in Times of Despair
8. Sanskara, Notion of Hereditary Educability and Teachers Belief
9. 'Men Can’t Teach Young Children’: Gender –Labor Conundrums in the Neoliberal Era
Part III: Understanding Knowledge and Curriculum
10. Education: for ‘Citizenship’ or ‘Resource Development’?
11. Bin Bhay Hoye Na Preet: Resilience of Fear-Based Examination-Detention Policy in Indian Education System
12. Modernization, Globalization and Education in India
Part IV: Transnational Perspective on Neoliberalism and Education
13. The Reactionary Right and its Carnival of Reaction: Global Neoliberalism, Reactionary Neo-conservatism: Marxist Critique, Education Analysis, and Policy
14. The Agonies of Neoliberal Education: What hope progress?
15. Times of Educational Change: Towards an Understanding of Patterns of Historical and Cultural Refraction