The majority of research on human perception and action examines sensors and effectors in relative isolation. What is less often considered in these research domains is that humans interact with a perceived world in which they themselves are part of the perceptual representation, as are the positions and actions (potential or ongoing) of other active beings. It is this self-in-world representation that we call embodiment. Increasingly, research demonstrates that embodiment is fundamental to both executing and understanding spatially and interpersonally directed action. It has been theorized to play a role in reaching and grasping, locomotion and navigation, infant imitation, spatial and social perspective taking, and neurological dysfunctions as diverse as phantom limb pain and autism. Few formal ideas have been put forward, however, to describe how selfrepresentation functions at a mechanistic level and what neural structures support those functions. This volume reports on the 2006 Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, which brought together the contributions to these issues from a group of researchers who span perspectives of behavioral science, neuroscience, developmental psychology and computation. Together they share their findings, ideas, aspirations, and concerns.
Table of Contents
R.L. Klatzky, M. Behrmann, B. MacWhinney, Editor’s Preface. J.M. Loomis, J.W. Philbeck, Measuring Spatial Perception with Spatial Updating and Action. G. Knoblich, Bodily and Motor Contributions to Action Perception. C.L. Reed, D.N. McIntosh, The Social Dance: On-line Body Perception in the Context of Others. M. Shiffrar, Embodied Motion Perception: Psychophysical Studies of the Factors Defining Visual Sensitivity to Self and Other Generated Actions. R.L. Klatzky, B. Wu, The Embodied Actor in Multiple Frames of Reference. D. Proffitt, An Action-Specific Approach to Spatial Perception. P. Cisek, The Affordance Competition Hypothesis: A Framework for Embodied Behavior. J.C. Culham, J. Gallivan, C. Cavina-Pratesi, D.J. Quinlan, fMRI Investigations of Reaching and Ego Space in Human Superior Parieto-Occipital Cortex. K. Adolph, The Growing Body in Action: What Infant Locomotion Tells Us About Perceptually Guided Action. B.I. Bertenthal, M.R. Longo, Motor Knowledge and Action Understanding: A Developmental Perspective. B. MacWhinney, How Mental Models Encode Embodied Linguistic Perspectives.
"This book will be of interest to anyone working in the emerging field of embodied cognition or allied fields of ecological psychology and situated robotics. Traditionally trained cognitive psychologists should read it to let the embodied cognition movement challenge the default assumption that the brain is a computational device and instead try to view it as a control system for the body. The chapters are well written and interesting...they are suitable mainly for professionals, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates." - William A. Adams, PsycCRITIQUES