From the Author's Preface
The rapid advances in Materials Science and Engineering . . . have convinced many that the design, production and use of advanced materials will shape future manufacturing industries. Competitive advantage within entire industries is shaped by the quality of the materials available to the manufacturers; the early availability of a new material can be leveraged manyfold. In addition, advanced materials or advanced materials processing can signal the birth or death of entire industries, and access to higher quality and lower cost material has permitted some countries to obtain market dominance in several key industries.
Much of the new strategy entails harnessing the potential of innovative technology, that is, going back to the nano and molecular states of materials and new, effective ways to create, process, and eventually use them. Rather than being concerned with a relatively small number of generic materials, each possessing a broad range of uses, the materials sector is increasingly concerned with tailoring a growing list of ever more specialized materials for narrow niche applications. New products with better growth prospects such as high-performance alloys, composites, laminates, and a variety of coatings have been emphasized. Materials firms also have sought ways to overcome the weaknesses of ceramics and fully exploit their formidable strengths. "Functional materials" that do more than support structures have been developed for use in sophisticated electronic, optical, magnetic, and biotech applications.
This book will . . . show what materials will be available in the next decade or two, in addition to those currently available and their effect on material design, start-up, and production processes.
Chapters 2-4 conclude with extensive references and bibliographies which provide a useful guide to the literature on the subject of each chapter.
What About Future Materials Technology?
Introduction - Advanced Materials Issues: Factors Affecting Advanced Materials Applications; Intermetallics/Intermetallic Composites - Engineered Materials: Processes - Conclusions
Intermetallic Matrix Composites (IMCs)
Introduction - Interfacial Bonding of IMCs - Processing of Gamma IMCs: Prealloyed Powder Mixing, Mechanical Alloying, Reactive Consolidation, Injection Molding, XD Processing, Cospray Forming, Liquid Metal Infiltration, Powder Cloth, Foil/Fiber, Spray Deposition, Fiber Coating - SHS - Processing of Nickel Aluminides: Prealloyed Powder Mixing, Mechanical Alloying, Reactive Consolidation, XD Process, Powder Cloth Process, Spray Deposition, Liquid Infiltration Techniques, Pressure Casting, Plasma Spray Deposition, Vacuum Hot Press/Electroplating, Cryomilling, Melt Incorporation, Reaction Sinter/Hot Press (RES-HOP) - Processing of Iron Aluminides: Pressure Infiltration - Properties of Ti3Al - Properties of TiAl - Summary and Recommendations for Titanium Aluminides: Tensile Behavior, Creep Resistance, Fatigue Crack Resistance, Thermal Fatigue - Properties of Ni3Al - Properties of NiAl
New Materials of the Future
Introduction - Functionally Gradient Material (FMG): Definition, Processing, Design of FGMs, Applications of FGMs - Polymets - Carbon/Ceramic Composites (C/Ceramic) - Fullerenes (Buckyballs) and Diamond Fibers: Fullerenes, Diamond Fibers - Directed Metal Oxidation Process (DimoxTM): Process, Fabrication, Properties, Applications - Microinfiltrated Macrolaminated Composites (MIMLCs): Understanding MIMLCs, Process Concepts, MIMLC Composition and Fabrication, Applications - Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCPs): Characteristics, Processing, Properties vs Processing, Design, Applications - Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPNs): Applications - Carbon-Carbon Composites (C-C): C-C Material Systems, Matrices and Fiber Reinforcement, Processing/Producibility, Properties of C-C Composites, Fabrication Techniques and Methods, Coatings for C-C Composites, Applications - Nano- structured/Nanocomposite Materials: General Principles, Processing/Synthesis, Nano Properties, Applications - Molecular Composite Technology and Concepts: Molecular Composite, Molecular Machines
Tables, 66 Figures
Tables and Schematics
The many tables provide new materials reference data in convenient form. The many schematics illustrate new materials structure, design and processes. Here is a small sampling of this material: - Expected temperature capability of several advanced materials - Properties of nanocrystalline materials compared with their crystalline and glassy counterparts - Toughness and ductibility improvements - Procedure for reactive powder pro