Emotions, Decision-Making and Mass Atrocities Through the Lens of the Macro-Micro Integrated Theoretical Model
This book rehumanizes perpetrators of mass atrocities. At present a victim/perpetrator dichotomy appears to be the dominant paradigm: perpetrators have either been ’mechanistically dehumanized’, that is, perceived as unemotional, hard-hearted and conforming and thereby lacking the core features of human nature or alternatively, they have been ’animalistically dehumanized’. In other words they are seen as immoral, unintelligent, lacking self-control and likened to animals. Within sociology and criminology the dominant view is that genocide and other mass atrocities are committed by technologically-lobotomized perpetrators. Somehow the process of rationalization is believed to have transformed these people from emotionally healthy people into hollow soulless shells of human beings or zombies, devoid of a full range of normal emotions. These people are considered bereft of any ability to reason, think or feel, yet ambulant and able to respond to surrounding stimuli. However it is difficult to imagine crime (especially those involving a group of people working together for the duration of a particular criminal activity) without emotions. For instance, there is ample evidence suggesting that both crimes of passion and pre-meditated crimes involve emotional arousal. Furthermore, research in fields such as evolutionary biology, psychology and sociology of work and organizations suggest that emotions are essential for human progress and survival. In addition, emotions help us make the right call in risky and uncertain situations, in other words, the majority of real life situations. There is, therefore, a need to revisit existing assumptions around the role of emotions in mass atrocities.
Emotions, Decision-Making and Mass Atrocities
’This innovative book punches well above its size, weight, and length. Olusanya offers a panoramic survey of the emotions in prompting, industrializing, coping with and, ultimately, transcending mass atrocity. Olusanya reminds us that perpetrators of mass atrocity, however ugly, still remain human. For Arendt, evil may be banal but for Olusanya this banality is the result of cognitive dissonance. This exciting book is bound to cause sparks, open debates, and refresh the field.’ Mark A. Drumbl, Transnational Law Institute Washington and Lee University, USA ’This is an insightful study that combines psychological and social theories to further our understanding of the dynamics of mass atrocities. Scholarly, cogent, and clear, the author brings to the fore the importance of emotions in criminal behaviour, and offers an original contribution to the study of mass violence.’ Majid Yar, University of Hull, UK 'The author’s efficiency and capacity to succinctly and accurately explain the various bodies of empirical research he is pulling together is impressive. As a detailed and multifactorial integration of criminological and psychological findings this book makes a real contribution to the field.' Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books