This book examines the structural changes in the labour market in North-East India. Going beyond the conventional study of tea and agricultural sectors, it focuses on the nature, pattern and structure of work and employment in the region as well as documents emerging shifts in the labour force towards farm to non-farm dynamics. The chapters explore historical developments in employment patterns, labour market policies, issues of gender and social-religious dimensions, as well as point to growing forms of casual, informal and contractual labour across sectors.
Through large-scale data and detailed case studies on unfree labour in plantations and those employed in crafts, handloom and the manufacturing industry, the book provides insights into labour and employment in the region. It also delves into the temporal and spatial dimensions of non-farm employment and its relationship with rural income distribution and labour mobility. By bringing interdisciplinary perspectives from scholars working on North-East India, this work fills a major gap in the political economy of the labour market in the region.
The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of development studies, North-East India studies, labour studies, economics, sociology and political science as well to those involved with governance and policymaking.
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Debdulal Saha, Virginius Xaxa and Rajdeep Singha
I. Structure and Patterns of Employment in North-East India
Ajaya Kumar Naik and Nitin Tagade
II. Work, Employment and Labour in Industries
Debdulal Saha, Rajdeep Singha and Padmini Sharma
III. Migration and Labour Mobility
Jajati Keshari Parida
IV. Employment Diversification