This collection of encyclopedic entries provides a broad-based appreciation of new reproductive technologies that includes accessible technological descriptions and their historical and social contexts. The collection is divided into five thematic areas: Theories of Reproduction Ancient to Contemporary; Early Reproductive Technologies; Post-War De
Table of Contents
Preface -- Theories of Reproduction—Ancient to Contemporary -- Historical Perspectives of Human Reproduction -- Infant Feeding -- Sex Preference -- Genetic Engineering -- Genetic Diagnosis -- New Definitions of Family -- Response of the Catholic Church to New Reproductive Technologies -- Reprotech: A Feminist Critique of the Language of Reproductive Technologies -- New Reproductive Technologies—Women and Science -- New Reproductive Technologies as Dystopia -- Early Reproductive Technologies -- Birth Technology -- Birth Technologies: Critical Perspectives -- Breastfeeding -- Infant-Feeding Technologies -- Contraception Technologies -- Contraception—Ethics -- Diethylstilbestrol (DES) -- Menstrual Disorder Technologies -- Female Circumcision/Female Genital Mutilation -- Abortion Technologies -- Abortion—Ethics -- Adoption and Restrictions on Abortion—Ethics -- Prenatal Harm -- Informed Consent and Women in Labor -- Reproductive Health in the Workplace -- Contemporary Midwifery -- Early Infertility Treatments -- Artificial Insemination -- Artificial Insemination Policy -- Psychosocial Implications of Donor Insemination -- Lesbian Access to Donor Insemination -- Male Infertility -- Ovulation Induction -- Risk Perception and Health Screening -- Prenatal Diagnosis Technologies -- Prenatal Diagnosis—Critical Perspectives -- Sex Selection -- Advanced Infertility Techniques -- In Vitro Fertilization—Overview -- In Vitro Fertilization—Historical Development -- Ovarian Suppression by GnRH Agonists -- Human Pituitary Hormones and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease -- In Vitro Fertilization—Culture Media -- In Vitro Maturation and Ova Freezing -- In Vitro Fertilization and Male-Factor Infertility -- Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) -- In Vitro Fertilization—Risks -- Counseling -- Selection and Assessment for Treatment -- Egg Donation -- Surrogacy -- "Baby M" Surrogacy Case -- World Health Organization Report on the Place of In Vitro Fertilization in Infertility Care -- Advanced Infertility Technologies and Occupational Environments -- Informed Consent and Advanced Infertility Technologies -- Legislation—United Kingdom -- Legislation—The Netherlands -- Legislation—France -- Legislation—Australia and New Zealand -- Legislation—Canada -- Legislation—The United States -- Legislation—Germany -- Reproductive and Genetic Science -- Fetal Tissue Research and Applications -- Embryo Research -- Embryo Research—Legal Issues -- Cloning Technologies -- Cloning—Ethics -- Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis -- Genetics—Discrimination -- Genetic Counseling -- Ectogenesis -- Genetic Screening and German—Based Eugenics—Old and New
Annette Burfoot is associate professor in the Department of Sociology, Queen's University, Canada. Her areas of research and teaching include women and reproductive technologies, popular culture of the body, and the sociology of science and technology. In addition to The Encyclopedia of Reproductive Technologies (1999) she has published on national policy initiatives in reproduction, the popular representation of women in science fiction film, and the social impacts of genetic engineering.