4th Edition

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences

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ISBN 9781466552593
Published November 13, 2017 by CRC Press
6106 Pages

USD $3,375.00

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Book Description

The Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, now in its fourth edition, compiles the contributions of major researchers and practitioners and explores the cultural institutions of more than 30 countries. This major reference presents over 550 entries extensively reviewed for accuracy in seven print volumes or online. The new fourth edition, which includes 55 new entires and 60 revised entries, continues to reflect the growing convergence among the disciplines that influence information and the cultural record, with coverage of the latest topics as well as classic articles of historical and theoretical importance.

Table of Contents


Academic Librarianship

Academic Libraries


Accreditation of Library and Information Studies Programs in the U.S. and Canada

African-Americans and U.S. Libraries: History

American Association of Law Libraries (AALL)

American Association of Museums (AAM)

American Association of School Librarians (AASL)

American Library Association (ALA)

American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA)

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST)

Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR)

Approval Plans

Arab Federation for Libraries and Information (AFLI)

Archival Appraisal and Acquisition

Archival Arrangement and Theory

Archival Documentation

Archival Finding Aids

Archival Management and Administration

Archival Reference and Access


Archives and Libraries of Canada

Archivists and Collections

ARMA International, Inc.

Armenia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Art Galleries

Art Librarianship

Art Looting and Trafficking

Art Museums

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Neural Networks and Natural Language Processing

Arts Literatures and Their Users

Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T)

Association for Information Systems (AIS)

Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS)

Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC)

Association of Library Trustees, Advocates, Friends and Foundations (ALTAFF)

Association of Research Libraries (ARL)

Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA)

Australia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA)

Authentication and Authorization

Automated Acquisitions

Automatic Abstracting and Summarization

Back-of-the-Book Indexing

Bibliographic Utilities

Bibliographical Society [London]

Bibliographical Society of America (BSA)


Bibliometric Overview of Information Science

Bibliometric Research: History [ELIS Classic]

Binding [ELIS Classic]


Biological Information and Its Users

Biomedical Informatics

Blind and Physically Disabled: Library Services

Bliss Bibliographic Classification First Edition [ELIS Classic]

Bliss Bibliographic Classification Second Edition

Boolean Algebras [ELIS Classic]

Brazil, Part 1: Museums

British Library, The

Business Informatics

Business Information and Its Users

Business Literature: History [ELIS Classic]

Canada: Libraries and Archives

Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN)

Canadian Library Association (CLA)

Careers and Education in Archives and Records Management

Careers and Education in Information Systems

Careers and Education in Library and Information Science

Careers and Education in Records and Information Management


Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO)

Catalogs and Cataloging: History [ELIS Classic]


Center for Research Libraries (CRL)

Charleston Conference

Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP)


Children and Information Technology

Children's Literature

Children's Services in Libraries

China: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Circulation Services

Citation Analysis

Citation Indexes and the Web of Science

Citer Motivations [ELIS Classic]

Classification Theory

Clinical Decision-Support Systems

Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)

Collaborative Information Retrieval

Collaborative Systems and Groupware

Collection Development in Public Libraries

Collection Development in the ARL Library

Collection Management Systems

College Libraries

Communication and Communication Studies

Communication Policy: United States

Complexity and Self-Organization

Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC)

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)

Conservation and Preservation of Library and Archival Materials

Conservation and Preservation of Museum Objects

Controlled Vocabularies for Art, Architecture, and Material Culture

Copyright and Fair Use in Higher Education

Copyright and Trademark Law in the United States

Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)

Corporate Archives

Corporate Art Collections

Corporate Information Centers

Corporate Records Management

Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR)

Credibility and Cognitive Authority of Information

Croatia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Cultural Memory

Curating Archaeological Artifacts

Curating Natural History Collections

Custody and Chain of Custody

Data and Data Quality

Data Transmission Protocols

Deaf and Hearing Impaired: Communication in Service Contexts [ELIS Classic]

Decision Sciences

Decision Support Systems

Demand-Driven Acquisitions

Denmark: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Descriptive Cataloging Principles

Design Science in the Information Sciences

Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)

Digital Archiving

Digital Asset Management

Digital Content Licensing

Digital Divide

Digital Divide and Inclusion

Digital Humanities

Digital Humanities and Academic Libraries

Digital Images

Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998

Digital Preservation


Disaster Planning and Recovery for Cultural Institutions

Distance Learning and Virtual Libraries

Document Information Systems

Document Theory

Document Type Definition (DTD)

Domain Analysis in Information Science

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI): A Personal History

Economics Literature: History [ELIS Classic]


Electronic Records Preservation

Electronic Resource Management in Libraries

Electronic Resources & Libraries - ER&L

Encoded Archival Description (EAD)

Engineering Literatures and Their Users [ELIS Classic]


Ethical Aspects of Library and Information Science

Ethical Issues in Information Systems

Ethiopia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Everyday Life Information Seeking

Evidence-Based Practice

Exhibition Design

Facet Analysis [ELIS Classic]

Faceted Application of Subject Terminology (FAST)

Federal Electronic Information in the United States

Film and Broadcast Archives

Film Archiving: History


France: Archives, Museums and Libraries

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)

Fuzzy Set Theory

Games and Gaming

Genealogical Literature and Its Users

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Geographical Literature: History [ELIS Classic]

Germany: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Global Open Knowledgebase

Google Book Search Library Project

Government Documents Collection and Management

Government Records Management/Recordkeeping

Greece: Part I Libraries

Greece: Part II Archives

Greece: Part III Museums

Health Science Professional Literatures and Their Users

Health Sciences Librarianship

Historical and Archaeological Sites: Development and Preservation

Historical Societies

Historical Sources and Their Users

History of Paper

History of Public Libraries [ELIS Classic]

History of Records and Information Management

History of Three Basic Printing Processes

Hospital Libraries

Human-Computer Interaction Research in Information Retrieval

Humanities Literatures and Their Users

Hungary: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Hypertext and Hypercard: Early Development [ELIS Classic]

Illumination [ELIS Classic]

Impact Assessment of Cultural Institutions

Incunabula [ELIS Classic]

Indexing: History and Theory

India: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Indigenous Librarianship


Information Architecture

Information Arts

Information Behavior

Information Behavior Models

Information Commons

Information Crises and Crisis Information

Information Explosion

Information Literacy

Information Literacy Instruction

Information Management

Information Needs

Information Needs and Behaviors of Diasporic Populations

Information Needs and Behaviors of Populations in Less Developed Regions

Information Obsolescence

Information Overload

Information Policy: European Union

Information Policy: United States

Information Practice

Information Retrieval Experimentation [ELIS Classic]

Information Retrieval Protocols: Z39.50 and Search & Retrieve via URL

Information Retrieval Support Systems

Information Retrieval Systems

Information Scattering

Information Science

Information Search Process (ISP) Models

Information Searching and Search Models

Information Society

Information Storage Technologies

Information Systems

Information Systems Failure

Information Technology Adoption

Information Technology Literacy

Information Technology Project Implementation in Developing Countries [ELIS Classic]

Information Theory

Information Use for Decision Making

Information Visualization

Informetric Laws


Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)

Institutional Repositories

Integrated Library Systems (ILS)

Intellectual Freedom and the American Library Association (ALA): Historical Overview [ELIS Classic]

Intelligence and Security Informatics

Interactive Multimedia in Museums

International and Comparative Librarianship

International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives (IASA)

International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL)

International Communication Association (ICA)

International Council of Museums (ICOM)

International Council on Archives (ICA)

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)

International Federation of Television Archives (FIAT/IFTA)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

International Records Management Standards ISO 15489 and 23081

International Records Management Trust (IRMT)

International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO)

International Standards for Archival Description

Internet and Public Library Use

Internet Archive

Internet Filtering Software and Its Effects

Internet Genres

Internet Search Tools: History to 2000



Israel: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Japan: Libraries, Archives and Museums


Kazakhstan: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Kenya: Libraries, Museums and Archives


Knowledge Creation and Use in Organizations

Knowledge Discovery in Data Streams

Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management: Early Development

Knowledge Organization System Standards

Knowledge Sharing Mechanisms

Knowledge: Tacit and Explicit

Latent Semantic Indexing

Latinos and U.S. Libraries: History

Law Firm Librarianship

Law Librarianship

Law Literature and Its Users

Learning and Information Seeking

Leisure and Hobby Information and Its Users

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Information Needs


Library and Information Science

Library and Information Technology Association (LITA)

Library Anxiety

Library Architecture and Design

Library Architecture: History

Library Automation: History

Library Consortia in Europe

Library Fund-Raising and Development

Library Leadership and Management Association (LLAMA)

Library Management

Library of Congress Classification (LCC)

Library of Congress: 21st Century

Library Portals and Gateways

Library Technical Services

Linguistics and the Information Sciences

Lithuania: Libraries and Librarianship


Maker Spaces in Libraries

Managing an Information Business

Marketing Library and Information Services

Meta Markup Languages: SGML and XML

Modeling Documents in Their Context

Moldova: Archives, Museums and Libraries

Multilingual Information Access

Museum Accreditation Program

Museum Architecture and Gallery Design

Museum Collecting and Collections

Museum Computer Network (MCN)

Museum Informatics

Museum Registration and Documentation


Museums and Community

Museums as Place

Museums: History

Music Information Retrieval

Name Authority Control

National Archives

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) 

National Libraries

Network of European Museum Organisations (NEMO)

Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services (NKOS)

Non-Governmental Organizations and Information

Older Adult's Information Needs and Behavior

One-Person Libraries

Online Catalog Subject Searching

Ontologies and Their Definition

Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model

Oral History in Libraries and Archives

Organization Theories

Organizational Culture

Organizational Learning

Organizational Memory

Pacific Islands Association of Libraries and Archives (PIALA)


People with Disabilities

Personal Information Management (PIM)

Peru: Libraries and Library Science

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Literatures and Their Users

Poland: Libraries and Archives

Politics of Representation in Museums

Popular Literature Genres

Primary Records: Future Prospects [ELIS Classic]

Print On Demand

Provenance of Archival Materials

Provenance of Museum Objects

Provenance of Rare Books

Rare Book Collections

Reading and Reading Acquisition

Reading Disorders

Reading Interests

Records Continuum Model

Reference and Informational Genres

Reference Services

Regional Library Networks: United States

Relevance in Theory

Relevance Judgments and Measurements

Saudi Arabia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Scholarly and Trade Publishing [ELIS Classic]

School Librarianship

School Libraries

Science and Engineering Librarianship

Science and Technology Studies

Search Engines


Senegal: Libraries, Archives and Museums


Serbia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Shared Libraries

Site Museums and Monuments

Slovakia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Smithsonian Institution

Social Epistemology

Social Influences on Classification

Social Science Professional Literatures and Their Users

Society for Scholarly Publishing (SSP)

Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing (SHARP)

Society of American Archivists (SAA)

Sociology of Reading

Sociology of the Information Disciplines

Software and Information Industry Association (SIIA)

South Korea: Archives and Libraries

Spain: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Special Collections and Manuscripts

Special Libraries Association (SLA)

Specialty Museums

State Archives

State Libraries and State Library Agencies


Student's Information Needs and Behavior

Subject Cataloging Principles and Systems

Switzerland: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Tanzania: Libraries, Archives, Museums and Information Systems

Task-Based Information Searching: Research Methods

Technical Writing

Test Collections

Text REtrieval Conference (TREC)


Topic Maps

Tunisia: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Ukraine: Libraries

UNESCO: Communication and Information Sector

Unicode Standard

Unified Medical Language System® (UMLS®) Project

Unions in Public and Academic Libraries

United Kingdom: Part I Libraries and Librarianship

United Kingdom: Part II Museums and Museology

United Kingdom: Part III Archives and Archival Science

United States: Part I Archives and Archival Science

United States: Part II Museums

United States: Part III Libraries and Librarianship in the 21st Century

Universal Decimal Classification (UDC)

University Archives

User-oriented and cognitive models of information retrieval

Venezuela Libraries and Librarianship

Vietnam: Libraries, Archives and Museums

Visitor Studies


Visual Resources Management in Cultural Institutions

Visual Resources Management in Cultural Institutions

Volunteer Services in Cultural Institutions

Wayfinding and Signage

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

World Wide Web (WWW)

Youth Information Needs and Behavior

Zoological Park and Aquarium Libraries and Archives

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John McDonald is the Director of Product Management for Analytics and Assessment at EBSCO Information Services. Active professionally, he has published a number of articles on collection development and information usage behaviors, with a focus on statistical analysis of data. He has served on a variety of national and international publisher and vendor library advisory boards, as well as on the Executive Committee of Project COUNTER and the Board of Directors for the SCELC Consortium. He previously held positions with the University of Southern California as Associate Dean for Collections, at the Claremont Colleges as Chief Information Officer and interim Library Director and previously as a librarian at the California Institute of Technology and Virginia Commonwealth University. He has degrees in History and Library & Information Science from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Michael Levine-Clark is the Dean of the University of Denver Libraries. Prior to taking this position, he was the Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and Collections Services, also at the University of Denver. He is the recipient of the 2015 Harrasowitz Leadership in Library Acquisitions Award for his work on e-books and demand-driven acquisition. With colleagues from the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries, he founded the open access journal Collaborative Librarianship, and continues to serve as co-editor. He is also co-editor of the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences 4th ed, and serves on editorial boards of several journals. An active member of the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS), he has served most recently as chair of the Collection Management Section. As co-chair of the NISO Recommended Practices for Demand-Driven Acquisition of Monographs Working Group, he was one of the lead authors of the recommended practices document. He serves on a variety of national and international publisher and vendor library advisory boards and a range of committees within library professional organizations. He writes and speaks regularly on implications of discovery service implementation and strategies for improving academic library collection development practices, including the use of e-books in academic libraries, the development of demand-driven acquisition models, and methods for assessing collections usage.