Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences

3rd Edition

Edited by Marcia J. Bates, Mary Niles Maack

CRC Press

946 pages | 739 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849397127
pub: 2009-12-17
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Available in print or as an online subscription, this third edition of the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences reflects the growing convergence among the several disciplines that concern themselves with information and the cultural record. Covered are archives, museum studies, informatics, information systems, knowledge management, records management, document and genre theory, bibliography, and social studies of information, in addition to library and information science. It addresses these related disciplines in a way that demonstrates the unities across the fields while also recognizing their uniquely distinguishing characteristics.

Composed of the contributions of major researchers and practitioners and exploring the cultural institutions of more than 30 countries, this major reference presents hundreds of entries extensively reviewed for accuracy. Containing more than 70 percent new material, this edition also includes classic articles of historical or theoretical importance from prior editions.

Also Available Online

This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including:

  • Citation tracking and alerts
  • Active reference linking
  • Saved searches and marked lists
  • HTML and PDF format options

Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.

US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) e-reference@taylorandfrancis.com

International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) online.sales@tandf.co.uk


Like the second edition, this latest ELIS is available either in print or online with combined print and online combination packages also offered by publisher CRC Press, part of the Taylor & Francis group. One cannot but be impressed by the breadth of coverage … Presentation of the print version is excellent with a clear typeface in a two column format signposted by boldface subdivisions and helpful abstracts placed at the beginning of articles. … There is simply no other work that comes near it in scale or spread … for librarians and information specialists it must be regarded as the pre-eminent reference source for the profession. Collections serving institutions where library and information science, museum or archive professionals are trained or undertake research will want to acquire ELIS3.

—Tony Chalcraft, in Reference Reviews, VOL 25, No. 1, 2011

Praise for the Previous Edition:

…guided by an editorial advisory board that reads like a who's who in library and information science … outstanding essays by leading experts in the digital library services.

—Library Journal

…highly recommended to keep library faculty and staff current … should be bought by every research library.


… a diverse array of timely, useful, and informative essays compiled from a global perspective … indispensable… a unique "archive" of the history of library associations and libraries throughout the world. No other single work features this important information.

Barbara I. Dewey, Dean of Libraries, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Table of Contents

Information Disciplines and Professions

General Disciplines

Disciplinary Specialties

Cognate Disciplines

Career Options and Education

Concepts, Theories, Ideas

Key Concepts

Theories, Models, and Ideas

Research Areas

Cross-Disciplinary Specialties

Research Specialties


Generic Institutions

Institution Types

Named Institutions

Ancillary Cultural Institutions


Systems and Networks

Information Systems

Network and Technology Elements

Literatures, Genres, and Documents


Generic Resources

Named ResourcesI

nformation organization tools

Specific standards



Professional Services and Activities

Appraisal and Acquisition of Resources

Institutional Management and Finance

Organization and Description of Resources

Resource Management

User Services

People Using Cultural Resources


Population Groups

Subject Areas


National Cultural Institutions and Resources


About the Editors

Marcia J. Bates is Professor Emerita in the Department of Information Studies, Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, at the University of California at Los Angeles. She has researched, published, and taught in many areas of library and information science, including user-centered design of information systems, subject access, online search techniques, and information seeking behavior. She has authored over eighty publications, including some of the most highly cited articles in the field. She has also served as Associate Dean and Department Chair. Dr Bates has consulted for a wide variety of organizations, including government, foundation, and private industry clients, as well as "dot-com" companies. Dr Bates is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has won numerous awards, including the Award of Merit, the highest award of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST), and the Frederick G. Kilgour Award for Research in Library and Information Technology. ASIST has also awarded her its "Best Journal of ASIST Paper of the Year Award" twice. Web: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/bates/.

Mary Niles Maack has been on the faculty at the University of California at Los Angeles since 1986. Before moving to California she worked at the New York Public Library and later taught for ten years at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Maack has authored numerous historical and comparative studies that have appeared in a number of major refereed journals in the field. Her publications also include two books as well as book chapters and contributions to several reference books. She has served on the editorial boards of Libraries and Culture and Library Quarterly. Dr. Maack won the Justin Winsor Award of the ALA Library History Round Table in 1981 and the Jesse Shera Award of the ALA Library Research Round Table in 1992. She also received the 2005 Distinguished Teaching Award from the UCLA Department of Information Studies. She has taught courses on book history, library history, reference and information services, information institutions, public libraries and comparative and international librarianship. In addition she has lectured and consulted in fourteen countries in Africa, and in 1982-83 she held a Fulbright lectureship at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Bibliothèques in France. Web: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/maack/.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Database Management / General
COMPUTERS / Computer Engineering
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Library & Information Science / General