Encyclopedia of Natural Resources - Water and Air - Vol II  book cover
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Encyclopedia of Natural Resources - Water and Air - Vol II




ISBN 9781439852484
Published July 23, 2014 by CRC Press
564 Pages - 300 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

With unprecedented attention on global change, the current debate revolves around the availability and sustainability of natural resources and how to achieve equilibrium between what society demands from natural environments and what the natural resource base can provide. A full understanding of the range of issues, from the consequences of the changing resource bases to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life, is crucial to the process of developing solutions to this complex challenge.

Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources provides an authoritative reference on a broad spectrum of topics such as the forcing factors and habitats of life; their histories, current status, and future trends; and their societal connections, economic values, and management. The content presents state-of-the-art science and technology development and perspectives of resource management. Written and designed with a broad audience in mind, the entries clearly elucidate the issues for readers at all levels.

In Volume II, Water includes 59 entries and Air includes 31 entries. The Water entries cover topical areas such as fresh water, groundwater, water quality and watersheds, ice and snow, coastal environments, and marine resources and economics. The Air entries cover air pollutants, atmospheric oscillation, circulation patterns and atmospheric water storage, as well as agroclimatology, climate change, and extreme events. Additional topics in meteorology include acid rain, drought, ozone depletion, water storage, and more.

Natural resources represent such a broad scope of complex and challenging topics that a reference book must cover a vast number of subjects in order to be titled an encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources does just that. The topics covered help readers face current and future issues in the maintenance of clean air and water as well as the preservation of land resources and native biodiversity.

 

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Table of Contents

Volume I
LAND
Agriculture: Organic, John P. Reganold and Jonathan M. Wachter
Albedo, Endre Dobos
Altitudinal Belts: Global Mountains, Patterns and Mechanisms, Baiping Zhang and Fang Zhao
Biodegradation and Bioremediation, Owen P. Ward and Ajay Singh
Biodiversity: Agriculture, Deborah Stinner
Biodiversity: Climate Change, Lisa Freudenberger and Jan Hanning Sommer
Biodiversity: Conservation, Nigel E. Stork
Biodiversity: Habitat Suitability, Betty J. Kreakie
Biodiversity: Tropical Agroforestry, Thomas P. Husband
Biodiversity: Values, David Ehrenfeld
Biomes, Paul Reich and Hari Eswaran
Boreal Forests: Climate Change, Pertti Hari
Coastal Environments: Remote Sensing, Yeqiao Wang
Coastal Erosion and Shoreline Change, Matthew L. Stutz
Community Forestry: Sustainability and Equity Issues, Bill Buffum
Conserved Lands: Stewardship, Peter August, Janet Coit and David Gregg
Desertification, Uriel N. Safriel
Diversity: Species, Jeffrey D. Corbin and Brittany L. Oakes
Ecological and Evolutionary Processes, Roland C. de Gouvenain and Gopalasamy Reuben Clements
Ecological Security: Land Use Pattern and Simulation Modeling, Xun Shi and Qingsheng Yang
Ecology: Functions, Patterns, and Evolution, Fernando Valladares
Ecosystem Services: Evaluation, James Boyd
Ecosystem Services: Land Systems Approach, Richard Aspinall
Ecosystem Services: Pollinators and Pollination, Victoria A. Wojcik
Ecosystems: Diversity, L.M. Chu
Ecosystems: Forest Nutrient Cycling, Neil W. Foster and Jagtar S. Bhatti
Ecosystems: Functions and Services, Robert Costanza
Ecosystems: Soil Animal Functioning, Alan J. Franzluebbers
Ecotone, Finn C. Pillsbury and Debra P.C. Peters
Edge Effects on Wildlife, Peter W.C. Paton
Environmental Goods and Services: Economic and Non-Economic Methods for Valuing, Daniel E. Campbell
Exotic and Invasive Species, Jan Pergl and Petr Pyšek
Fires: Wildland, Jian Yang
Forests: Temperate Evergreen and Deciduous, Lindsay M. Dreiss and John C. Volin
Forests: Tropical Rain, Richard T. Corlett
Fragmentation and Isolation, Anne Kuhn
Genetic Diversity in Natural Resources Management, Thomas Joseph McGreevy, Jr. and Jeffrey A. Markert
Genetic Resources Conservation: Ex Situ, Mary T. Burke
Genetic Resources Conservation: In Situ, V. Arivudai Nambi and L. R. Gopinath
Genetic Resources: Farmer Conservation and Crop Management, Daniela Soleri and David A. Cleveland
Genetic Resources: Seeds Conservation, Florent Engelmann
Herbicide-Resistant Crops: Impact, Micheal D. K. Owen
Herbicide-Resistant Weeds, Carol Mallory-Smith
Herbicides in the Environment, Kim A. Anderson and Jennifer L. Schaeffer
Insects: Economic Impact, David Pimentel
Insects: Flower and Fruit Feeding, Antônio R. Panizzi
Integrated Pest Management, Marcos Kogan
Keystone and Indicator Species, Barry R. Noon
Land Capability Analysis, Michael J. Singer
Land Capability Classification, Thomas E. Fenton
Land Change and Water Resource Vulnerability, Gargi Chaudhuri
Land Plants: Origin and Evolution, Elizabeth R. Waters
Land Surface Temperature: Remote Sensing, Yunyue Yu, Jeffrey P. Privette, Yuling Liu, and Donglian Sun
Landscape Connectivity and Ecological Effects, Marinés de la Peña-Domene and Emily S. Minor
Landscape Dynamics, Disturbance, and Succession, Hong S. He
Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC), Burak Güneralp
Leaves: Elevated CO2 Levels, G. Brett Runion, Seth G. Pritchard, and Stephen A. Prior
Mangrove Forests, Ariel E. Lugo and Ernesto Medina
Marshes: Salt and Brackish, Sally D. Hacker
Net Ecosystem Production (NEP), Mark E. Harmon
Nitrogen Fixation: Biological, Robert H. Burris
Ozone: Crop Yield and Quality Effects, Håkan Pleijel
Peatlands, Dale H. Vitt and Paul Short
Plant Breeding: Global, Manjit S. Kang
Population Genetics, Michael T. Clegg
Protected Area Management, Tony Prato and Daniel B. Fagre
Protected Areas: Remote Sensing, Yeqiao Wang
River Delta Processes and Shapes, Douglas A. Edmonds and Rebecca L. Caldwell
Savannas and Grasslands, Niti B. Mishra and Kenneth R. Young
Soil Carbon and Nitrogen (C/N) Cycling, Sylvie M. Brouder and Ronald F. Turco
Soil Degradation: Food Security, Michael A. Zoebisch and Eddy De Pauw
Soil Degradation: Global Assessment, Selim Kapur and Erhan Akça
Soil: Erosion Assessment, John Boardman
Soil: Evaporation, William P. Kustas
Soil: Fauna, Mary C. Savin
Soil: Fertility and Nutrient Management, John L. Havlin
Soil: Organic Matter, R. Lal
Soil: Organic Matter and Available Water Capacity, T.G. Huntington
Soil: Spatial Variability, Josef H. Görres
Soil: Taxonomy, Mark H. Stolt
Sustainability and Sustainable Development, Alan D. Hecht and Joseph Fiksel
Sustainable Agriculture: Social Aspects, Frederick H. Buttel
Transpiration, Thomas R. Sinclair
Transpiration: Water Use Efficiency, Miranda Y. Mortlock
Urban Environments: Remote Sensing, Xiaojun Yang
Vernal Pool, Peter W.C. Paton
Water Deficits: Development, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Helen Bramley
Weeds: Seed Banks and Seed Dormancy, Lynn Fandrich
Wetlands, Ralph W. Tiner
Wetlands: Biodiversity, Jean-Claude Lefeuvre and Virginie Bouchard
Wetlands: Classification, Arnold G. van der Valk
Wetlands: Coastal, InSAR Mapping, Zhong Lu, Jinwoo Kim, and C.K. Shum
Wetlands: Economic Value, Gayatri Acharya
Wetlands: Ecosystems, Sherri DeFauw
Wetlands: Freshwater, Brij Gopal
Wetlands: Remote Sensing, Niti B. Mishra
Wetlands: Tidal, William H. Conner, Ken W. Krauss, Andrew H. Baldwin, and Stephen Hutchinson

Volume II – Water and Air

WATER

Coastal Issues
Arctic Oscillation, Jinping Zhao
Climate Change: Coastal Marine Ecosystems, Jennifer P. Jorve, Rebecca L. Kordas, Kathryn M. Anderson, Jocelyn C. Nelson, Manon Picard, and Christopher D.G. Harley
Climate Change: Polar Regions, Roger G. Barry

Benthic Resources
Aqua-Forests and Aqua-Forestry: Africa,
Gordon N. Ajonina and M. Tomedi Eyango
Archaeological Oceanography, Michael L. Brennan and Robert D. Ballard
Bathymetry: Assessment, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Bathymetry: Features and Hypsography, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Bathymetry: Seafloor Mapping History, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Coral Reef: Biology and History, Graham E. Forrester
Coral Reef: Ecology and Conservation, Graham E. Forrester
Marine Benthic Productivity, Bayden D. Russell and Sean D. Connell
Marine Mammals, Kathleen J. Vigness-Raposa
Marine Protected Areas, Jennifer Caselle
Marine Resource Management, Richard Burroughs
Maritime Transportation and Ports, Austin Becker
Markets, Trade, and Seafood, Frank Asche, Cathy A. Roheim, and Martin D. Smith
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation: Seagrasses, Alyssa Novak and Frederick T. Short

Coastal Resources
Aqua-Forests and Aqua-Forestry: Africa, Gordon N. Ajonina and M. Tomedi Eyango
Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Light Behavior, Darryl J. Keith
Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Optical Sensors and Remote Sensing, Darryl J. Keith
Coastal Environments, Yuanzhi Zhang and Jinrong Hu
Coastal Environments: Remote Sensing, Yeqiao Wang
Coastal Erosion and Shoreline Change, Matthew L. Stutz
Coastal Natural Disasters: Tsunamis on the Sanriku Coast, Takehiko Takano
Mangrove Forests, Ariel E. Lugo and Ernesto Medina
Markets, Trade, and Seafood, Frank Asche, Cathy A. Roheim, and Martin D. Smith
Marshes: Salt and Brackish, Sally D. Hacker
River Delta Processes and Shapes, Douglas A. Edmonds and Rebecca L. Caldwell
Tourism Management: Marine and Coastal Recreation, C. Michael Hall
Wetlands: Tidal, William H. Conner, Ken W. Krauss, Andrew H. Baldwin, and Stephen Hutchinson

Freshwater
Aquifers: Groundwater Storage, Thomas J. Burbey
Aquifers: Recharge, John Nimmo, David A. Stonestrom, and Richard W. Healy
Arctic Hydrology, Bretton Somers and H. Jesse Walker
Artificial Reservoirs: Land Cover Change on Local Climate, Faisal Hossain and Ahmed M. Degu
Climate Change: Polar Regions, Roger G. Barry
Drainage and Water Quality, James L. Baker
Endorheic Lake Dynamics: Remote Sensing, Yongwei Sheng
Eutrophication, Kyle D. Hoagland and Thomas G. Franti
Evaporation and Energy Balance, Matthias Langensiepen
Evaporation: Lakes and Large Bodies of Water, John Borrelli
Field Water Supply and Balance, Jean L. Steiner
Floods: Riverine, William Saunders, Alison MacNeil, and Edward Capone
Water Storage: Atmospheric, Forrest M. Mims III

Hydrology
Floods: Riverine,
William Saunders, Alison MacNeil, and Edward Capone
Hydrologic Cycle, John Van Brahana
Hydrologic Modeling of Extreme Events, Jazuri Abdullah, Jaehoon Kim, and Pierre Y. Julien
Hydrology: Environmental, Thomas Boving
Hydrology: Urban, C. Rhett Jackson
Impervious Surface Area: Effects, Carl L. Zimmerman and Daniel L. Civco
Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC), Burak Güneralp
Streams: Perennial and Seasonal, Daniel von Schiller, Vicenç Acuña, and Sergi Sabater
Surface Water: Nitrogen Enrichment, Tim P. Burt and Penny E. Widdison
Surface Water: Nitrogen Fertilizer Pollution, Gregory McIsaac
Water Quality and Monitoring, John C. Clausen
Watershed Hydrology and Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC), Yuyu Zhou

Marine Issues
Aquaculture,
Carrie J. Byron
Archaeological Oceanography, Michael L. Brennan and Robert D. Ballard
Arctic Oscillation, Jinping Zhao
Bathymetry: Assessment, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Bathymetry: Features and Hypsography, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Bathymetry: Seafloor Mapping History, Heidi M. Dierssen and Albert E. Theberge, Jr.
Climate Change: Polar Regions, Roger G. Barry
Coral Reef: Biology and History, Graham E. Forrester
Coral Reef: Ecology and Conservation, Graham E. Forrester
El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation, Felicity S. Graham and Jaclyn N. Brown
Fisheries: Conservation and Management, Steven X. Cadrin
Water Cycle: Ocean's Role, Don P. Chambers
Water Storage: Atmospheric, Forrest M. Mims III

Coastal Environment
Climate Change: Coastal Marine Ecosystems, Jennifer P. Jorve, Rebecca L. Kordas, Kathryn M. Anderson, Jocelyn C. Nelson, Manon Picard, and Christopher D.G. Harley
Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Light Behavior, Darryl J. Keith
Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Optical Sensors and Remote Sensing, Darryl J. Keith
Coastal Environments, Yuanzhi Zhang and Jinrong Hu
Coastal Environments: Remote Sensing, Yeqiao Wang
Coastal Erosion and Shoreline Change, Matthew L. Stutz
Coastal Natural Disasters: Tsunamis on the Sanriku Coast, Takehiko Takano

Marine Resources
Marine Benthic Productivity, Bayden D. Russell and Sean D. Connell
Marine Mammals, Kathleen J. Vigness-Raposa
Marine Protected Areas, Jennifer Caselle
Marine Resource Management, Richard Burroughs
Maritime Transportation and Ports, Austin Becker
Markets, Trade, and Seafood, Frank Asche, Cathy A. Roheim, and Martin D. Smith
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation: Seagrasses, Alyssa Novak and Frederick T. Short

AIR
Atmosphere

Air Pollutants: Elevated Carbon Dioxide, Hans-Joachim Weigel and Jürgen Bender
Arctic Oscillation, Jinping Zhao
Atmospheric Acid Deposition, Gene E. Likens and Thomas J. Butler
Atmospheric Circulation: General, Thomas N. Chase and David Noone
Circulation Patterns: Atmospheric and Oceanic, Marcia Glaze Wyatt
Crops and the Atmosphere: Trace Gas Exchanges, Jürgen Kreuzwieser and Heinz Rennenberg
Ocean--Atmosphere Interactions, Vasubandhu Misra
Water Storage: Atmospheric, Forrest M. Mims III

Climate
Agroclimatology, Dev Niyogi and Olivia Kellner
Arctic Oscillation
, Jinping Zhao
Artificial Reservoirs: Land Cover Change on Local Climate
, Faisal Hossain and Ahmed M. Degu
Boreal Forests: Climate Change
, Pertti Hari
Climate Change
, Robert L. Wilby
Climate Change: Coastal Marine Ecosystems
, Jennifer P. Jorve, Rebecca L. Kordas, Kathryn M. Anderson, Jocelyn C. Nelson, Manon Picard, and Christopher D.G. Harley
Climate Change: Polar Regions
, Roger G. Barry
Climate: Classification
, Long S. Chiu
Climate: Extreme Events
, Philip Sura
Climatology
, Jill S.M. Coleman
Climatology: Moist Enthalpy and Long-Term Anomaly Trends
, Souleymane Fall, Roger A. Pielke, Sr., Dev Niyogi, and Gilbert L. Rochon
El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation, Felicity S. Graham and Jaclyn N. Brown


Meteorology
Acid Rain and Nitrogen Deposition, George F. Vance
Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry, Pao K. Wang
Asian Monsoon, Congbin Fu
Dew Point Temperature, John S. Roberts
Drought: Management, Donald A. Wilhite and Michael J. Hayes
Drought: Precipitation, Evapotranspiration, and Soil Moisture, Joshua B. Fisher and Konstantinos M. Andreadis
Drought: Resistance, Graeme C. Wright and Nageswararao C. Rachaputi
El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation, Felicity S. Graham and Jaclyn N. Brown
Fronts, Jesse Norris and David M. Schultz
Land--Atmosphere Interactions, Somnath Baidya Roy and Deeksha Rastogi
Meteorology: Tropical, Zhuo Wang
Ozone and Ozone Depletion, Jason Yang
Transpiration and Physical Evaporation: United States Variability, Toshihisa Matsui and David M. Mocko
Tropical Cyclones, Patrick J. Fitzpatrick
Urban Heat Islands, James A. Voogt
Water Storage: Atmospheric, Forrest M. Mims III
Wind Speed Probability Distribution, Adam H. Monahan

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