Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering (Print) - Five Volume Set  book cover
2nd Edition

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering (Print) - Five Volume Set

ISBN 9781439850978
Published September 22, 2015 by CRC Press
4088 Pages 3500 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering provided a valuable reference concerning devices or systems that generate, transmit, measure, or detect light, and to a lesser degree, the basic interaction of light and matter. This Second Edition not only reflects the changes in optical and photonic engineering that have occurred since the first edition was published, but also:

  • Boasts a wealth of new material, expanding the encyclopedia’s length by 25 percent
  • Contains extensive updates, with significant revisions made throughout the text
  • Features contributions from engineers and scientists leading the fields of optics and photonics today

With the addition of a second editor, the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering, Second Edition offers a balanced and up-to-date look at the fundamentals of a diverse portfolio of technologies and discoveries in areas ranging from x-ray optics to photon entanglement and beyond. This edition’s release corresponds nicely with the United Nations General Assembly’s declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Light, working in tandem to raise awareness about light’s important role in the modern world.

Also Available Online
This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including:

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  • Saved searches and marked lists
  • HTML and PDF format options

Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.
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International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Table of Contents


Virendra N. Mahajan and Pantazis Z. Mouroulis

Adjacency Effect
Eric F. Vermote

Arkadi Zilberman

Anomalous Skin Effect: Reflectance and Scattering
Harold E. Bennett

Antireflection Coatings
Peter Martin and Wendy Bennett

Artificial Media: Subwavelength Scale Optical Properties
Philippe LaLanne and Mike Hutley

James R. Sowell and Donald Bord

Astronomy: X-Ray
Leon Golub and Martin Elvis

Atmospheric Blur and Image Restoration
Norman S. Kopeika, Arkadi Zilberman, and Yitzhak Yitzhaky

Atmospheric Optics
N. S. Kopeika

Automatic Target Detection
Alex Lipchen Chan, Nasser M. Nasrabadi, and Sandor Z. Der

Automatic Target Recognition
Gary O'Brien

Fernando Moreno, Jose M. Saiz, and Francisco González

Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)
Hendrik Rothe

Biomedical Spectroscopy
Valery V. Tuchin

Yingzi Du

Biopsy: Optical
Irving J. Bigio and Judith R. Mourant

Myrian Tebaldi

Bonded Optics: Performance Optimization
Andrew G. Bachmann, Nicole Langer, John R. Arnold, and John G. Daly

Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics
H. Walther

Ichirou Yamaguchi

Coherence Theory
William H. Carter

Collimation Testing Techniques
Rajpal S. Sirohi, Shyam Singh, and A.R. Ganesan

Communication Networks: Performance Monitoring
Zeev Zalevsky and Vardit Eckhouse

Complex Variables
Thomas L. Clarke

Compression Transforms: Hierarchical, Including Wavelets
Francois Meyer

Compression Transforms: Image Quality Measures
Frank M. Caimi and Mark S. Schmalz

Compressive Sampling for Optical Systems
J. M. Nichols, C. McLaughlin, J. Michalowicz, and F. Bucholtz

Computer-Generated Holograms (CGH)
Mikhail Mozerov

Crystallography: X-Ray
Robert M. Sweet

Data Storage: High Density
Claire Gu, Guofan Jin, and Liangcai Cao

Data Storage: Holographic
Geoffrey W. Burr

Data Storage: Phase-Change Media
Takeo Ohta and Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Data Storage: Volumetric, Ultra-High Density
Xiangping Li, Geoffrey W. Burr, and Min Gu

Delta T (Differential Blackbody Temperature)
J. Glen Vinson

Detectors: Figures of Merit
Panos G. Datskos and Nickolay V. Lavrik

Detectors: Focal Plane Array Technology
Paul Norton

Detectors: Infrared and Focal Plane Arrays
Masafumi Kimata

Diffractive Optics
Joseph N. Mait

Diffractive Optics: Fabrication
Thomas J. Suleski

Diffractive Optics: Methods
Dennis W. Prather

Digital Image Restoration: Classical
C. Andrew Segall and Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

Digital Images: Compression
Mark S. Schmalz

Digital Images: Enhancement
Nikolas P. Galatsanos, C. Andrew Segall, and Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

Digital Images: Processing
Russell C. Hardie and Majeed M. Hayat

Digital Images: Redundancy
Mark S. Schmalz

Disk Drives, Optical: Mechanical Design and Servo Systems
Kurt W. Getreuer

Display Systems: Binocular and 3-D, Visual Comfort
Frank L. Kooi and Alexander Toet

Display Systems: Head-Mounted
Jannick P. Rolland and Hong Hua

Display Systems: Stereoscopic
Jean-Claude Kastelik and Marc Gazalet

Displays: Retinal Scanning
Hakan Urey

Laurence G. Hassebrook and Chun Guan

Electro-Optical Imaging Systems: Performance Measurement
Piet Bijl, Alexander Toet, and J. Mathieu Valeton

Electro-Optical Materials
Jean-Pierre Huignard and Jean-Paul Pocholle

Electro-Optical Materials: Inorganic
Fernando Agulló López, Angel García Cabañes, and José Manuel Cabrera Castillo

Electro-Optical Scanners
Daniel D. Stancil


Emissivity Measurements: Infrared Imaging Radiometric Cameras
Robert P. Madding

Stephen J. Pearton

Eye Movements and Accommodation
Nicklaus F. Fogt

Femtosecond Pulses: High Power
Victor Yanovsky

Film Thickness Measurement
Francois Flory and Ludovic Escoubas

Filters: Circular Polarization
Akhlesh Lakhtakia and Martin W. McCall

Fluorescence Microscopy
Kenneth R. Spring

F-Number, Numerical Aperture, and Depth of Focus
John Hall

Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR)
Bill Blecha

Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) and Electro-Optical Sensors: Simulation
Eddie Jacobs

Fourier Data Processing in Optics
Zeev Zalevsky, David Mendlovic, Gal Shabtay, and Uriel Levy

Fourier Optics and Optical Signal Processing
Joseph Shamir

Fourier Spectrometer
Romuald Jozwicki

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Xudong Xiao and Bing Wang

Frequency Doubling and Mixing
Richard L. Sutherland

Fresnel Equations
Alexander I. Lvovsky

William Keel

Gas Lasers
Robert C. Sze

Glass Waveguide Fabrication
Giancarlo C. Righini and Andrea Chiappinic

Glassworking: Optical Applications
Hedser van Brug

Gyroscopes: Ring Laser
Sylvain Schwartz

H. John Caulfield

Honeybee: Visual System Design
Adrian Horridge

Human Vision and Color
Brian H. Tsou and Vincent A. Billock

Illumination Optics
Richard Heinisch

Image Compression: Applications
Liviu I. Voicu

Image Compression: JPEG-2000 Standard
Christopher M. Brislawn and Mihaela D. Quirk

Image Compression: Lossless
S. Sahni, C. Leonard, C. Kapoor, F. Chen, J. Fitzsimmons, and B. C. Vemuri

Image Compression: Lossy Blockwise
Thomas H. Drayer

Image Intensifiers
C. Bruce Johnson

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Initial Processing
William B. Clodius

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Spectral Analysis
James Theiler, and Christopher M. Brislawn

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Transforms, Classification, and Coding
William B. Clodius, Neal R. Harvey, Mihaela D. Quirk, and James Theiler

Image Quality Equations and National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale (NIIRS)
Jon C. Leachtenauer

Image Restoration
Carsten Denker, Alexandra Tritschler, and Mats Löfdahl

Image Segmentation
Mauro Barni and Franco Bartolini

Image Sequence Processing
Jonathan Simpkins, Robert L. Stevenson, and Sean Borman

Infrared Imaging Systems
Keith Krapels

Integral Transforms
Mikhail S. Belen'kii

Integrated Optical Circuits
Ari Tervonen

Integrated Optical Waveguides
Cheng-Chung Li

Interband Cascade Lasers
Igor Vurgaftman, W.W. Bewley, C.L. Canedy, C.S. Kim, M. Kim, J.R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J.R. Meyer

John Hayes

Rajpal S. Sirohi

Iterated Function Systems
Michael F. Barnsley

Laser and Gaussian Beam Propagation and Transformation
Javier Alda

Laser Beam Shaping: Aspheric Optics
David L. Shealy and John A. Hoffnagle

Laser Range-Gated Imagers
Richard L. Espinola and Eddie Jacobs

Laser Transmitters
Osamu Wada

Laser-Cooled Atoms and Optical Lattices
Gilbert Grynberg

Bradley W. Schilling

Lasers: Ceramic Materials
Jasbinder S. Sanghera and Thomas F. Soules

Lasers: Industrial
Leonard Miglore

Lasers: Medical Applications
Stephen N. Joffe

Lasers: Surgical Applications
Lars O. Svaasand

Lasers: Tunable
Hongxiang Meng and Minzhi Gu

Lenses, Mirrors and Prisms
R. Hradaynath and Ikbal Singh

Lenses: Design
Deqing Ren

Lenses: Fresnel
Michael D. Watson and Steven M. Scott

Lenses: Gradient Index (GRIN)
Andrew Tsiboulia

Lenses: Spherical and Cylindrical
José M. Sasián


Lidar: Aerosol Sensing
Francesc Rocadenbosch

Lidar: Remote Sensing
Matthew J. McGill

Lidar: Wind, Raman, and Other Sensing
Francesc Rocadenbosch

Light Emitting Diodes
Jaehee Cho and E. Fred Schubert

Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs): Active Matrix
Kevin L. Walsh

Liquid Crystals: Cholesteric, Guest-Host, and Polymer-Dispersed
Sven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, and David S. Hermann

Liquid Crystals: Electro-Optical Modes and Applications
Sven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, and David S. Hermann

Liquid Crystals: Non-Linear Optical Effects
Sven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, and David S. Hermann

Liquid Crystals: Optical Properties and Basic Devices
Sven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, and David S. Hermann

Lithography: Extreme Ultraviolet
Donald W. Sweeney

Living Cells: Optical Manipulation
Alois K. Popp and Verena Horneffer

Machine Vision
Bruce Batchelor

Machine Vision: Image Processing
E.R. Davies

Machine Vision: Lighting
Kevin G. Harding

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Annemie Van der Linden and Jan Sijbers

Michael Friedmann

Metrology: Optical Shop
Daniel Malacara-Hernández

Micro-Optics: Optical System Design
Eric Logean, Toralf Scharf, Hans Peter Herzig, and Andreas Schilling

Laimonas Kelbauskas and Honor Glenn

David Dickensheets

Microscopy: Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs
Robert S. McCuskey

Microscopy: X-Ray
Michael Feser

Military Imaging Experiments
Dawne M. Deaver and Barbara L. O’Kane

Milky Way
Richard Sears

Mirrors: Microroughness and Light Scattering
Harold E. Bennett

Modulation and Coding
B.V.K. Vijaya Kumar and Jingfeng Liu

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)
Arnold Daniels

Molding Optical Components
R. Wimberger-Friedl

Motion Perception
Scott N.J. Watamaniuk

Nanophotonics for Photovoltaics
Francois Flory, Ludovic Escoubas, J.J. Simon, P. Torchio, J. Le Rouzo, and W. Vervisch

National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale (NIIRS)
John M. Irvine

Night Vision Modeling: Historical Perspectives
John D. O'Connor and James A. Ratches

Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (NETD)
José Manuel López-Alonso

Noise: Fixed Pattern
Bhaskar Choubey

Noise: Three-Dimensional
Curtis M. Webb

Nonlinear Absorption
Eric W. Van Stryland and David J. Hagan

Nonlinear Crystals: Quasi-Phase Matched
Eric Lallier and Arnaud Grisard

Nonlinear Molecular Photonics
Joseph Zyss, Isabelle Ledoux-Rak, Eric Toussaere, Sophie Brasselet, Ariela Donval, and Guillermo Martin-Fuchs

Nonlinear Refraction
Mansoor Sheik-Bahae and Michael P. Hasselbeck

Ocean Optics: Air and Sea Interface
A. G. Luchinin

Ocean Optics: Airborne Systems for Seeing Into Water
R. Norris Keeler

Ocean Optics: Properties and Effects
Larry B. Stotts

Ophthalmic Optics
Javier Alda and José Manuel López-Alonso

Optical Amplifiers
Mário F.S. Ferreira

Optical Coherence Tomography
James G. Fujimoto

Optical Computing
H. John Caulfield

Optical Correlators
Suganda Jutamulia

Optical Correlators: Applications
Nazif Demoli

Optical Correlators: Compact Real-Time
Aris Tanone

Optical Correlators: Joint Transform
Suganda Jutamulia

Optical Correlators: Spatial Light Modulators
Feijun Song

Optical Correlators: Vander Lugt
Suganda Jutamulia

Optical Correlators: Wavelet Transform
Joewono Widjaja

Optical Design and Fabrication
Joseph Braat


Optical Fiber: Structured
John Canning

Optical Fibers: Biosensors
Carlos R. Zamarreño, Abian B. Socorro, Pedro Sanchez, Ignacio R. Matias, and Francisco J. Arregui

Optical Fibers: Characteristics
John Gowar

Optical Fibers: Highly Nonlinear
Mário F. S. Ferreira

Optical Fibers: Networks
Pascal Lorenz, Mário Marques Freire, and Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues

Optical Fibers: Optical Communications
John Gowar

Optical Fibers: Sources
Geert Morthier

Optical Heads
Jean Schleipen, Benno Hendriks, and Sjoerd S. Stallinga

Optical Logic Gates and Algebra
Francis T.S. Yu and Chii Maw Uang

Optical Modulators
N. K. Dutta and K. Lu

Optical Neural Networks
Francis T.S. Yu and Chii Maw Uang

Optical Parametric Oscillators and Amplifiers
Razvan Dabu

Optical Pulse Generation: Ultrafast
Frank Wise

Optical System Optimization
Florian Bociort

Optical Transfer Functions
Virendra N. Mahajan

Optical Tweezers
Phil Jones

J. J. Coleman

Opto-Electronics: Neural Networks
Paulo E.X. Silveira

Opto-Electronics: Receivers
Ilesanmi Adesida, Jae-Hyung Jang, and Patrick Fay

Paraxial Optics
Javier Alda

Partial Differential Equations
Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi

Pattern Recognition
Mohammad S. Alam

Photodetectors: Avalanche
Vitaly E. Shubin and Dmitry A. Shushakov

William Ross McCluney

Photon Detectors
Antoni Rogalski

Photonic Crystals
Claude Weisbuch and Henri Benisty

Photonic Integrated Circuits
Louay Eldada

Photonic Switches
Caterina Ciminelli and Mario Armenise

Photorefractive Materials and Applications
Cornelia Denz and Vishnu Vardhan Krishnamachari

Piezoelectric Effect
Saravanan M. Peelamedu

Vladimir Bordo

Point-Spread Functions
Virendra N. Mahajan

Polarization Measurements
Dennis H. Goldstein

Polarization Phenomena in Optical Systems
Tomasz R. Wolinski

Psychophysics and Psychophysical Measurement
Piet Bijl, Alexander Toet, and J. Mathieu Valeton

Pulse Image Processing
Jason M. Kinser

Pupils and Stops
G. Smith

Quantum Dot Devices
Madalina Furis and Alexander N. Cartwright

Quantum Efficiency
Vikram Dhar

Quantum Information Processing and Cryptography
P. L. Knight and W. J. Munro

Quantum Optics
G.S. Agarwal

Quantum Optics: Photonic Band Gap Materials
Gershon Kurizki and Abraham G. Kofman

Quantum State Engineering and Stabilization
Paolo Tombesi and David Vitali

Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector (QWIP)
K. K. Choi

Van A. Hodgkin

Radiometry: Remote Sensing
John R. Schott and Julia A. Barsi

Random Processes
Ronald L. Phillips


Ray Tracing: Paraxial
Javier Alda and Josep Arasa

Ray Tracing: Real
Javier Alda

Remote Sensing
Robert D. Fiete

Remote Sensing: Electro-Optical Systems
Don M. McKeown

Gustaf Olsson

Reticles: Missile Seekers
Craig M. Deyerle

Reticles: Nutating Systems
Surng-Gahb Jahng, Hyun-Ki Hong, Jong-Soo Choi, and Sung-Hyun Han

Reticles: Rotating Systems
Hyun-Ki Hong, Surng-Gahb Jahng, Kyoung-Soo Doo, and Jong-Soo Choi

Scanners and Modulators:Acousto-Optical
Reeder Ward, Mark Montgomery, and Milton Gottlieb

Scanners: Galvanometric and Resonant
Jean Montagu

Scanning and Confocal Microscopy
Colin Sheppard

Adam Liebert and Roman Maniewski

Larry C. Andrews

Semiconductor Materials: III-V Nonlinear Characteristics
R. Kuszelewicz and A. Levenson

Sensor and Image Fusion
Dean Scribner, Jonathon M. Schuler, Penny Warren, Richard Klein, and J. Grant Howard

Solar System
Robert L. Marcialis

Spatiotemporal Contrast Sensitivity: Threshold and Suprathreshold
Walter Makous

Special Functions
Larry C. Andrews and Cynthia Y. Young

Carl E. Halford

Jeffrey H. Hunt

Spectroscopy: Doppler-Free
Susan K. Watson

Spectroscopy: Intracavity Laser
L. N. Sinitsa

Spectroscopy: Microwave
Alan C. Samuels

Spectroscopy: Saturation
Thomas U. Kuehl

Spectroscopy: Surface Nonlinear Optical
Philippe Guyot-Sionnest

Spectroscopy: Tissue
Valery V. Tuchin

Stellar Characteristics
Donald Bord

William Livingston

Super Resolution
Jonathon M. Schuler

Surface Roughness
Jean M. Bennett

Synthetic Aperture Radar
John A. Richards

Target Signature: Methods
William R. Reynolds

Thermal Detectors
Antoni Rogalski

Thin Film Deposition
Ian C. Stevenson

Three-Dimensional Noncontact Sensing
Kevin G. Harding

Tissue--Laser Interactions
Inci Çilesiz

Tunable Terahertz-Wave Generation
Hiromasa Ito

Universe: Distribution of Matter
Eliot Malumuth

Mark D. McDowell

Velocimetry: Spatial-Filtering
Yasumasa Itakura

Visible Sensor Performance Measurements
Gordon Arthur and George R. Armstrong

Vision: Nonlinear Dynamic Approaches
Vincent A. Billock and Brian H. Tsou

Visual Conspicuity
Alexander Toet and Piet Bijl

Visual Information Processing
Vincent A. Billock and Brian H. Tsou

Visual Search
Alexander Toet and Piet Bijl

Visual Search: Color and Display Issues
Allen L. Nagy

Visual Search: Experiments
Alexander Toet and Piet Bijl

Wavefront Coding
Manjunath Somayaji

Wavelets: Continuous Transform and Series
Ahmed I. Zayed

Wireless Communications
Shlomi Arnon

X-Rays: Medical Applications
J. Anthony Seibert

X-Rays: Optical Elements
Eberhard Spiller

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Craig A. Hoffman is superintendent of the Optical Sciences Division of the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and a member of the Senior Executive Service. Dr. Hoffman came to the NRL in 1979 as a National Research Council post-doctoral fellow and joined the NRL staff as a research physicist in 1981. He became the associate superintendent of the NRL Optical Sciences Division in 1998, and served as acting superintendent of the division from February 2007 to March 2008 and from October 2013 to October 2014. As a member of the NRL research staff, Dr. Hoffman received Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation Awards in 1996 and 2006. Widely published, Dr. Hoffman is a fellow of the OSA and a member of IEEE, SPIE, Sigma Xi, and Phi Beta Kappa. He holds a BS in physics from Purdue University, and an MS and Ph.D in physics from Brown University.

Ronald G. Driggers is CEO of St. Johns Optical Systems, a retired US naval reserve officer, and editor-in-chief of Applied Optics. Previously, he was superintendent of the Optical Sciences Division of the US Naval Research Laboratory and a member of the Senior Executive Service. Before that, he was director of the Modeling and Simulation Division at the US Army’s Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD), and worked briefly as chief of the Electro-Optics and Photonics Division at the Army Research Laboratory. He was selected as the 2002 Army Materiel Command’s Engineer of the Year; 2001 Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center Technical Employee of the Year; 2001 NVESD Technical Employee of the Year; and 2001 Naval Engineering Duty Officer of the Year. Widely published, Dr. Driggers is a fellow of SPIE, OSA, and the Military Sensing Symposium. He holds a doctorate in electrical engineering from the University of Memphis.


Praise for the First Edition

"… extraordinarily comprehensive. … detailed, up-to-date information and data. … This is the only reference book you ever need. A must-have!"
—Gerald Holst, Author and Publisher, Fellow, SPIE, Winter Park, Florida, USA

"… contents are well chosen, comprehensive, and expanded upon with authority. ... The encyclopedia is a significant addition to our set of reference materials."
—Brian J. Thompson, Provost Emeritus and Distinguished University Professor, Professor Emeritus of Optics, University of Rochester, New York, USA

"… has something for everyone."
—Mark G. Kuzyk, Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, USA

"… structured in a manner that allows a reader not generally familiar with the topic to rapidly gain a penetrating understanding of the terminology, background, scope, application, [and] important analytical relationships."
—Barry Johnson, Optical E.T.C., Inc., Huntsville, Alabama, USA