Encyclopedia of water Science: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Encyclopedia of water Science

2nd Edition

By Stanley W. Trimble

CRC Press

1,586 pages | 575 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849396274
pub: 2007-12-26

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Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation methods, as well as improved water efficiency in industrial, municipal, and agricultural programs. The second edition also includes greatly enhanced coverage of streams and lakes as well as many regional case studies.

An International Team Addresses Important Issues

The only source to provide full coverage of current debates in the field, the encyclopedia offers professional expertise on vital issues including:

  • Current laws and regulations
  • Irrigation management
  • Environmental water economics
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control
  • Nutrient best management practices
  • Water sanitation
  • Stream and lake morphology and processes
  • Sharpen Your Skills — Meet Challenges Well-Armed

    A direct and reliable source for best practices in water handling, preservation, and recovery, the encyclopedia examines challenges in the provision of safe water supplies, guiding environmental professionals as they face a worldwide demand for sanitary and affordable water reserves.

    Also Available Online

    This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including:

    • Citation tracking and alerts
    • Active reference linking
    • Saved searches and marked lists
    • HTML and PDF format options

    Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.

    US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) e-reference@taylorandfrancis.com

    International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) online.sales@tandf.co.uk


    "The second edition of this encyclopedia totals more than 1,370 pages. According to the contributors, this revised edition includes a 50 percent increase in entries, revision of old entries, and the addition of new subject areas such as the science of streams and virtual water. Alphabetically organized, it offers more than 300 entries written by approximately 400 authorities worldwide . . . Summing Up: Highly Recommended."

    – L. Joseph, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, July 2008, Vol. 45, No. 11

    "Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, this book provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation method as well as improved water efficiency in industrial, municipal, and agricultural programs . . . the set would be a great resource for graduate and undergraduate students listed in any of the topics listed."

    – In Journal of the American Water Resources Association, August 2008

    "… Experienced professionals will find this encyclopedia to be a convenient update of various technologies and a ready source of new reference materials."

    — Marvin E. Jensen, PhD, Consultant

    Retired, Director, Colorado Institute for Irrigation Management, Colorado State University — Fort Collins

    Table of Contents


    Volume 1

    Academic Disciplines

    Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry

    African Market Garden

    Agricultural Runoff: Characteristics

    Agroforestry: Enhancing Water Use Efficiency

    Alluvial Fan

    Ancient Greece: Agricultural Hydraulic Works

    Ancient Greece: Hydrologic and Hydraulic Science and Technology

    Ancient Greece: Urban Water Engineering and Management

    Antitranspirants: Film-Forming Types

    Antitranspirants: Stomata Closing Types


    Aquifers: Artificial Recharge

    Aquifers: Ogallala

    Aquifers: Recharge

    Aquifers: Transmissivity

    Aral Sea Disaster

    Arctic Hydrology


    Bound Water in Soils

    Brahmaputra Basin

    Canal Automation

    Chemical Measurement


    Chernobyl Accident: Impacts on Water Resources

    Chesapeake Bay


    Conservation: Tillage and No-Tillage

    Consumptive Water Use

    Crop Coefficients

    Crop Development Models

    Crop Plants: Critical Developmental Stages of Water Stress

    Crop Residues: Snow Capture by

    Cyanobacteria in Eutrophic Freshwater Systems

    Dam Removal

    Darcy’s Law




    Drainage and Water Quality

    Drainage Coefficient

    Drainage: Controlled

    Drainage: Hydrologic Impacts

    Drainage: Inadequacy and Crop Response

    Drainage: Irrigated Land

    Drainage: Land Shaping

    Drainage: Materials

    Drainage: Modeling

    Drainage: Soil Salinity Management

    Drinking Water Supply Distribution Systems

    Drip Lines and Emitters: Acidification for Prevention of Clogging

    Drip Lines and Emitters: Chlorination for Disinfection and Prevention of Clogging


    Drought Hardening and Pre-Sowing Seed Hardening

    Drought: Avoidance and Adaptation

    Drought: Management

    Drought: Resistance

    Dryland and Semiarid Regions: Research Centers

    Dryland Cropping Systems

    Dryland Farming

    Dust Bowl Era

    El Nin˜o

    Energy Dissipation Structures

    Erosion and Precipitation

    Erosion and Productivity

    Erosion Control: Mechanical

    Erosion Control: Tillage/Residue Methods

    Erosion Control: Vegetative

    Erosion Problems: Historical Review

    Erosion Research: History

    Erosion Research: Instrumentation

    Erosion: Accelerated

    Erosion: Bank

    Erosion: Prediction

    Erosion: Process Modeling



    Evaporation and Eddy Correlation

    Evaporation and Energy Balance

    Evaporation from Lakes and Large Bodies of Water

    Evaporation from Soils

    Evapotranspiration: Canopy Architecture and Climate Effects

    Evapotranspiration: Formulas

    Evapotranspiration: Greenhouses

    Evapotranspiration: Reference and Potential

    Evapotranspiration: Remote Sensing

    Evapotranspiration: Weather Station Network Information


    Farm Ponds

    Fertilizer and Pesticide Leaching: Irrigation Management

    Field Water Supply and Balance

    Filtration and Particulate Removal

    Floodplain Management

    Floods and Flooding


    Flow Measurement: History

    Fluvial Islands

    Frozen Soil: Water Movement in

    Furrow Dikes

    Ganges River

    Giant Reed (Arundo donax): Effects on Streams and Water Resources

    Global Temperature Change and Terrestrial Ecology

    Groundwater: Contamination

    Groundwater: Contamination, Arsenic

    Groundwater: Mapping Levels

    Groundwater: Measuring Levels

    Groundwater: Mining

    Groundwater: Modeling

    Groundwater: Modeling Using Numerical Methods

    Groundwater: Pollution from Mining

    Groundwater: Pollution from Nitrogen Fertilizers

    Groundwater: Pollution from Phosphorous Fertilizers

    Groundwater: Pumping and Land Subsidence

    Groundwater: Pumping Methods

    Groundwater: Quality

    Groundwater: Quality and Irrigated Agriculture

    Groundwater: Regulation

    Groundwater: Saltwater Intrusion

    Groundwater: Western United States Law

    Groundwater: World Resources

    Hydrologic Cycle

    Hydrologic Management of Contaminated Sites Using Vegetation

    Hydrologic Process Modeling

    Hydrology Research Centers

    Hypoxia: Gulf of Mexico


    Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impacts of Investments

    Irrigated Agriculture: Endangered Species Policy

    Irrigated Agriculture: Historical View

    Irrigated Agriculture: Managing toward Sustainability

    Irrigated Agriculture: Social Impacts

    Irrigated Water: Market Role in Reallocating

    Irrigated Water: Polymer Application

    Irrigation Design: Steps and Elements

    Irrigation Districts and Similar Organizations

    Irrigation Economics: Global

    Irrigation Economics: United States

    Irrigation Management: Humid Regions

    Irrigation Management: Tropics

    Irrigation Return Flow and Quality

    Irrigation Sagacity (IS)

    Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Field Application)

    Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Measurement)

    Irrigation Scheduling: Remote Sensing Technologies

    Irrigation Scheduling: Soil Water Status

    Irrigation Scheduling: Water Budgeting

    Irrigation Systems: Drip

    Irrigation Systems: History

    Irrigation Systems: Subsurface Drip

    Irrigation: Deficit

    Irrigation: Efficiency

    Irrigation: Frost Protection and Bloom Delay

    Irrigation: Impact on River Flows

    Irrigation: Metering

    Irrigation: Preplant

    Irrigation: Saline Water

    Irrigation: Sewage Effluent Use

    Irrigation: Site-Specific

    Irrigation: Sprinklers (Mechanical)

    Irrigation: Supplemental

    Irrigation: Surface



    Volume 2

    Karst Aquifers

    Karst Aquifers: Water Quality and Water Resource Problems

    La Nin˜a

    Land Drainage: Subsurface

    Land Drainage: Wells

    Leaf Water Potential

    Library Resources

    Livestock and Poultry Production: Water Consumption

    Livestock Water Quality Standards

    Livestock: Water Harvesting Methods

    Low-Impact Development

    Manure Management: Beef Cattle Industry Requirements

    Manure Management: Dairy

    Manure Management: Poultry

    Manure Management: Swine


    Matric Potential

    Microbial Sampling

    Mining Impact: Metals

    Natural Levees

    Neuse River

    Nitrogen Measurement

    Nonpoint Source Pollution (NPSP)

    Nutrients: Best Management Practices

    Observation Wells

    On-Farm Irrigation Flow Measurement

    Open-Channel Flow Rate Measurements

    Open-Channel Spillways

    Oxygen Measurement: Biological–Chemical Oxygen Demand

    Pathogens: General Characteristics

    Pathogens: Transport by Water

    Pesticide Contamination: Groundwater

    Pesticide Contamination: Surface Water

    Pfiesteria Piscicida


    Pharmaceuticals in Water Supplies

    Phosphorus: Inputs into Freshwater from Agriculture

    Phosphorus: Measurement

    Phosphorus: Transport in Riverine Systems

    Plant Water Stress: Exposure during Specific Growth Stages

    Plant Water Stress: Optional Parameters for Stress Relief

    Plant Water Use: Stomatal Control

    Plant Yield and Water Use

    Plants: Critical Growth Periods

    Plants: Osmotic Adjustment

    Plants: Osmotic Potential

    Plants: Salt Tolerance

    Platte River

    Pollution: Point Source (PS)

    Porous Pavements

    Precipitation: Distribution Patterns

    Precipitation: Forms

    Precipitation: Measurement

    Precipitation: Modification

    Precipitation: Remote Sensing Measurement

    Precipitation: Simulation Models

    Precipitation: Stochastic Properties

    Precipitation: Storms

    Precision Agriculture and Water Use

    Precision Conservation

    Professional Societies

    Psychrometry: Accuracy, Interpretation, and Sampling

    Psychrometry: Theory, Types, and Uses

    Pumps: Displacement

    Pumps: Internal Combustion Engines

    Rainfall Shelters

    Rainfed Farming

    Rainwater Harvesting

    Rangeland Management: Enhanced Water Utilization

    Rangeland Water Yield: Influence of Brush Clearing

    Rangelands: Water Balance

    Research Organizations

    Residential Irrigation Water Use and Control

    Reverse Osmosis

    Richards’ Equation

    Ring and Tension Infiltrometers

    Riparian Geomorphology

    River Channelization

    River Channels

    Rural Water Supply: Water Harvesting

    Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta

    Saline Seeps

    Saline Water

    Salton Sea

    Satellite Sensing: Atmospheric Water

    Scaling Processes in Watersheds

    Seas: Dead and Dying

    Sediment Budgets

    Sediment Load


    Software Development

    Soil Macropores: Water and Solute Movement

    Soil Moisture Measurement by Feel and Appearance

    Soil Water Measurement: Capacitance

    Soil Water Measurement: Granular Matrix Sensors

    Soil Water Measurement: Gravimetric

    Soil Water Measurement: Neutron Thermalization

    Soil Water Measurement: Soil Probes

    Soil Water Measurement: Tensiometers

    Soil Water Measurement: Time Domain Reflectometry

    Soil Water: Antecedent

    Soil Water: Capillary Rise

    Soil Water: Diffusion

    Soil Water: Energy Concepts

    Soil Water: Flow under Saturated Conditions

    Soil Water: Flow under Unsaturated Conditions

    Soil Water: Functions in Pedostructure

    Soil Water: Hysteresis

    Soil Water: Plant-Available

    Soil Water: Salinity Measurement

    Soil Water: Sensor-Based Automatic Irrigation of Vegetable Crops

    Soils: Field Capacity

    Soils: Hydraulic Conductivity Rates

    Soils: Hygroscopic Water Content

    Soils: Permanent Wilting Points

    Soils: Water Infiltration

    Soils: Water Percolation

    Soils: Waterborne Chemicals Leaching through

    Stomatal Responses to the Environment: Quantifying

    Storativity and Specific Yield

    Stormwater Management

    Streambank Stabilization

    Summer Fallow

    Surface Water: Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

    Surface Water: Nitrogen Enrichment

    Surface Water: Pollution by Nitrogen Fertilizers

    Surface Water: Pollution by Surface Mines

    Surface Water: Quality and Phosphorous Applications

    Surface Water: Western United States Law

    Suspended-Sediment Transport Measurement

    Tailwater Recovery and Reuse


    Timber Harvesting: Influence on Water Yield and Water Quality

    Time Domain Reflectometry: Salinity and Solute Measurement

    Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)


    Transpiration: Carbon Dioxide and Plants

    Transpiration: Efficiency

    Transpiration: Scaling from Leaves and Canopies

    Transpiration: Water Use Efficiency

    Two-Stage Channel Geometry: Active Floodplain Requirements

    Uptake by Plant Roots

    Uptake by Plant Roots: Modeling Water Extraction

    Urban Hydrology

    Urban Water Quality

    Vadose Zone and Groundwater Protection

    Vapor Transport in Dry Soils

    Virtual Water

    Virtual Water: Economic Perspective

    Virtual Water: Measuring Flows around the World

    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Agronomic Considerations

    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence

    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Public Health Considerations

    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Saline and Sodic Waters

    Water Balance Scheduling in Arid Regions

    Water Footprints

    Water Harvesting

    Water Properties

    Water Quality: Modeling

    Water Quality: Range and Pasture Land

    Water Quality: Sampling of Runoff from Agricultural Fields

    Wellhead Protection

    Wells: Drilling

    Wells: Hydraulics

    Wetlands and Petroleum

    Wetlands as Treatment Systems

    Wetlands: Ecosystems

    Wind Erosion and Water Resources

    Yellow River

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    SCIENCE / Environmental Science
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply