The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is the best known and most controversial of international conservation treaties. Since it came into force 25 years ago, debate has raged over its most basic assumptions. CITES treats the international trade in wildlife as the most important threat to the continued existence of wild species. It offers a prescription of trade bans and restrictions for endangered species. However, it is now generally acknowledged that for most species habitat loss is a much more significant threat. Some argue that the CITES remedy actually exacerbates the problem by removing the incentive to conserve wildlife habitat. This collection of essays, the first of its kind, charts the controversies and changes within CITES. It provides case studies of the way CITES has dealt with particular species and notes the growing role of the South in shaping the direction of the treaty. It considers the role of sustainable use, the precautionary principle and unilateralism within CITES. Finally, it examines options for the future of CITES. Implicit within a number of the contributions is the recognition that questions of wildlife conservation cannot be divorced from wider issues of land use, development and social justice. This book provides an essential resource for policy makers, practitioners, academics and students concerned with conservation, development and trade.
'A very interesting case study… This collection will make a substantial contribution to attempts to bring CITES into line with the changing international landscape and evolving conceptions of our relationship with our environment.' Jaye Ellis, Millennium, Book Reviews.
Part I Background - CITES: The Vision * CITES and the Causes of Extinction * Part II CITES in Practice - When CITES Works and When it Does Not * Precaution at the Heart of CITES? * The Significant Trade Process: Making Unilateral Stricter Domestic Measures * Part III Case Studies - Assessing CITES: Four Case Studies * Conservation of the Nile Crocodile: Has CITES Helped or Hindered? * Are All Species Equal? A Comparative Assessment * Zimbabwe and CITES: Influencing the Intentional Regime * Part IV the Future of CITES - CITES and CBD * Developing CITES: Making the Convention work for All pf the Parties * Decentralization, Tenure and sustainable Use * Global regulation and Communal Management * Part V Endpiece - the Lesson from Mahenye * Index