This is the second of two edited volumes from an international group of researchers and specialists, which together comprise the edited proceedings of the First International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, organized by Cranfield College of Aeronautics at Stratford-upon-Avon, England in October 1996. The applications areas include aerospace and other transportation, human-computer interaction, process control and training technology. Topics addressed include: the design of control and display systems; human perception, error, reliability, information processing, and human perception, error, reliability, information processing, and awareness, skill acquisition and retention; techniques for evaluating human-machine systems and the physiological correlates of performance. While Volume one is more clearly focused on the domain of aviation and ground transportation, Volume two is concerned with human factors in job and product design, the basics of decision making and training, with relevance to all industrial domains. Part one opens with a keynote chapter by Ken Eason. It is followed by Part two dealing with learning and training, while Part three reflects the rapidly growing area of medical ergonomics. Part four entitled 'Applied Cognitive Psychology' is biased towards human capabilities, an understanding of which is central to sound human engineering decisions. Part five firmly emphasizes equipment rather than its human operators.
Contents: Job Design and Analysis: Inventing the future: collaborative design of socio-technical systems; Cafe of Eve: action research in the control room; Applied cognitive task analysis (ACTA): a practitioner’s window into skilled decision making; Job design in integrated mail processing; A systems analysis of team working in control rooms: methodology considered; Models of decision making in emergency management; Emergency decision making on offshore installations; Cognitive processing and risky behaviour in industrial radiography; Modelling of human errors in cognitive processes observed in dynamic environments; Mental models of industrial jobs. Learning and Training: Effects of type of learning on control performance; Learning to control a coal-fired power plant: empirical results and a model; Cognitive technology for knowledge and skill acquisition in engineering disciplines; Dynamic modelling of a learning system to aid system re-engineering; Learning statistics: a high level cognitive skill; Perceptual learning in inspection tasks; The operator’s analysis of the structure of a multi-dimensional video image of a mosaic subject area given the effects of hidden regularities; Target recognition performance following whole-views, part-views, and both-views training. Medical Ergonomics: Depth perception and indirect viewing: reflections on keyhole surgery; Construction and validation of a model for decision making in anaesthesia; Anaesthesiology and aviation: using the analogy; Medical cognition and computer support in the intensive care unit: a cognitive engineering approach; The patient-monitor system in intensive care: eliciting nurses’ mental models. Applied Cognitive Psychology: Audio visual links in attention: implications for interface design; A parallel distributed processing model of redundant information integration; The magical name Miller, plus or minus the umlaut; A partial theory and engineering model of human information-seeking tasks; Mode