This book is the third in the series and describes some of the most recent advances and examines emerging problems in engineering psychology and cognitive ergonomics. It bridges the gap between the academic theoreticians, who are developing models of human performance, and practitioners in the industrial sector, responsible for the design, development and testing of new equipment and working practices.
Contents: Cockpit Design Issues: Realizing the benefits of cognitive engineering in commercial aviation; Human factor regulation - from concept to reality; Towards a classification of state misinterpretation; Assessing error tolerance in flight management systems; The truth is out there: representing uncertainty in advanced navigation and situational awareness displays; An evaluation of weapon aiming symbology for HMDs and HUDs; The cognitive ecology of tunnel-in-the-sky displays; Attentional effects of superimposing flight instruments and tunnel-in-the-sky symbology on the world; The use of quality function deployment to analyze human factors requirements in civil flight deck design; Human centred design process in the advanced flight deck technology project; A distributed cognitive perspective on civil aircraft failure management system design. Air Traffic Control: Basic cognitive processes of air traffic controllers; A cognitive system model for enroute air traffic management; Cognitive re-engineering of enroute air traffic control; Requirements for metrics of aircraft separation and sector capacity; Understanding the controller’s picture within an ATM environment; Learning, training and technological innovation in air traffic control; The development of TRACER: a technique for the retrospective analysis of cognitive errors in ATM; Evaluation of a context-sensitive speech recognition system in the air traffic control simulation. Aviation Psychology: Analysis of the pilot’s monitoring behaviour using decision trees; Cognitive compatibility for visual warnings in aviation; Extending the ’irrelevant sound effect’: the effects of extraneous speech on aviation-related tasks; The Simon effect and responses to aircraft dials; Situation awareness: what do we know now that the uzz’ has gone?; Situation awareness maintenance: an essential component for pilot activity; Team situation awareness; Predictors of pilot learning: control beliefs and achievement