Enlightenment, Nationalism, Orthodoxy: Studies in the Culture and Political Thought of Southeastern Europe, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Enlightenment, Nationalism, Orthodoxy

Studies in the Culture and Political Thought of Southeastern Europe, 1st Edition

By Paschalis M. Kitromilides


296 pages

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Hardback: 9780860784432
pub: 1994-10-20

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The first section of this volume aims to examine various aspects of the impact of Enlightenment thought in the Balkans in the 18th and 19th centuries. Particular topics include the idea of modernization, with respect to the role of science or the position of women, and the growth of new forms of political consciousness, but Professor Kitromilides is throughout concerned with the conflict between these incoming political, cultural and religious ideas and the traditions of Orthodoxy which had dominated the region under the Ottomans. Of the articles, a number focus specifically on the Greek world, both before and after the creation of an independent Greek world, and extend the coverage to include Greek communities beyond Europe. Similarly, the second part of the volume, on dilemmas of nationalism, looks also at Greek irredentism in Asia Minor and Cyprus. The final item combines bibliographical additions with the author’s further reflections on the subjects covered here and their historiography.


'…a valuable contribution to the field…the book’s intellectual scope and comparative depth are remarkable.' Modern Greek Studies

Table of Contents

Contents: The Enlightenment East and West: a comparative perspective on the ideological origins of the Balkan political traditions; War and political consciousness: theoretical implications of 18th-century Greek historiography; The idea of science in the modern Greek Enlightenment; Cultural change and social criticism: the case of Iossipos Moisiodax; Republican aspirations in south-eastern Europe in the age of the French Revolution; Religious criticism between Orthodoxy and Protestantism. Ideological consequences of social conflict in Smyrna; The Enlightenment and womanhood: cultural change and the politics of exclusion; Jeremy Bentham and Adamantios Korais; European political thought in the making of Greek liberalism: the Second National Assembly of 1862-1864 and the reception of John Stuart Mill’s ideas in Greece; Modernisation as an ideological dilemma in south-eastern Europe: from national revival to liberal reconstruction; ’Imagined communities’ and the origins of the national question in the Balkans; The dialectic of intolerance: ideological dimensions of ethnic conflict; Greek irredentism in Asia Minor and in Cyprus; Bibliographical and critical notes; Index.

About the Author

Paschalis M. Kitromilides, PhD Harvard University, is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Athens and Director of the Centre for Asia Minor Studies. From 2000 to 2011 he was Director of the Institute of Neohellenic Research at the National Hellenic Research Foundation.

His books in English include:

The Enlightenment as Social Criticism. Iosipos Moisiodax and Greek Culture in the Eighteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992); Enlightenment Nationalism Orthodoxy (Variorum, 1994); An Orthodox Commonwealth. Symbolic Legacies and Cultural Encounters in Southeastern Europe (Variorum Collected Studies Series, Ashgate, 2007); Adamantios Korais and the European Enlightenment (Voltaire Foundation, 2010); Enlightenment and Revolution. The Making of Modern Greece (Harvard University Press, 2013); Enlightenment and religion in the Orthodox world (Voltaire Foundation, 2016).

About the Series

Variorum Collected Studies

The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.

The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.

Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource. 

For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at Michael.Greenwood@informa.com

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General