Environmental criminology is a generic label that covers a range of overlapping perspectives. At the core, the various strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control and prevention of crime.
Environmental Crime and Crime Analysis brings together for the first time the key contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively define the field and synthesize the concepts and ideas surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written by leading theorists and practitioners in the field. Each chapter will analyze one of the twelve major elements of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book will be essential reading for both practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in this subject.
'The most significant writers explain the most significant ideas in environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book will become a key source for anyone seriously interested in crime prevention as an analyst, researcher, policy-maker or practitioner.' - Professor Nick Tilley, Nottingham Trent University, UK
1. Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis: situating the theory, analytic approach and application, Richard Wortley (Griffith University, Australia) and Lorraine Mazerolle (Griffith University, Australia) Part 1: Understanding the Crime Event 2. Rational Choice Perspective, Derek Cornish (Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, UK) and Ron Clarke (Rutgers University, USA) 3. Situational Precipitators of Crime, Richard Wortley (Griffith University, Australia) 4. Routine Activities Approach, Marcus Felson (Rutgers University, USA) 5. Crime Pattern Theory, Pat Brantingham (Simon Fraser University, Canada) and Paul Brantingham (Simon Fraser University, Canada) Part 2: Analysing Crime Patterns 6. Crime Mapping and Hotspot Analysis, Luc Anselin (University of Illinois, USA), Elizabeth Griffiths (Emory University, USA) and George Tita (University of California, USA) 7. Repeat Victimisation, Graham Farrell (Loughborough University, UK) and Ken Pease (Loughborough University, UK) 8. Geographic Profiling, Kim Rossmo (Texas State University, USA) and Sacha Rombouts (Griffith University, Australia) Part 3: Preventing and Controlling Crime 9. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, Paul Cozens (Curtin University of Technology, Australia) 10. Situational Crime Prevention, Ron Clarke (Rutgers University, USA) 11. Designing Products Against Crime, Paul Ekblom (Design Against Crime Research Centre, UK) 12. Problem-oriented Policing, Michael S. Scott (University of Wisconsin Law School, USA), John E. Eck (University of Cincinnati, USA), Johannes Knuttson (National Police Academy, Norway) and Herman Goldstein (University of Wisconsin, USA) 13. Broken Windows, Michael Wagers (Rutgers University, USA), William Sousa (University of Nevada, USA) and George Kelling (Rutgers University, USA) 14. Intelligence-led Policing, Jerry Ratcliffe (Temple University, USA)
Crime science is a new way of thinking about and responding to the problem of crime in society. First, crime science is about crime. Instead of the usual focus in criminology on the characteristics of the criminal offender, crime science is concerned with the characteristics of the criminal event. Second, crime science is about science, advocating an evidence-based, problem-solving approach to crime control. Crime scientists actively engage with front-line criminal justice practitioners to reduce crime by making it more difficult for individuals to offend, and making it more likely that they will be detected if they do offend
The Crime Science series is utilitarian in its orientation and multidisciplinary in its foundations, drawing on disciplines from both the social and physical sciences, including criminology, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, architecture, industrial design, epidemiology, computer science, mathematics, engineering, and biology.