Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies  book cover
2nd Edition

Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies

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ISBN 9780415665568
Published July 11, 2011 by CRC Press
428 Pages

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Book Description

This Second Edition of Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies covers basic concepts and important methodologies. It details the prediction and assessment of impacts on soil and groundwater management, surface water management, biological environment, air environment, the impact of noise on the environment, and of socio-economic and human health impacts. This new edition contains an additional chapter on environmental risk assessment and risk management, a chapter on the application of remote sensing and GIS in EIA and a chapter with EIA case studies. Written clearly and concisely, it presents the fundamentals of EIA and how to apply these in practice. This volume is intended for a global audience of advanced students and practitioners in environmental management and planning.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Fundamental Approach to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
1.A Basic Concept of EIA
1.A.1 Introduction
1.A.2 EIA Procedure
1.B Systematic Approach for Using EIA as a Planning Tool for Major Project Activities
1.B.1 Introduction
1.B.2 Preparation of Environmental Base Map
1.B.3 Identification of Study Area
1.B.4 Classification of Environmental Parameters
1.B.5 Formation of EIA Study Team
1.B.6 Preparation of Terms of Reference
1.B.7 Preparation of an EIA Report
1.B.8 Environmental Monitoring and management Plan
1.B.9 Draft and Final Envionmental Impact Statements
1.B.10 Impact Analysis
1.B.11 Format and Content of a Draft Environmental Impact Statements (DEIS)
1.B.12 DEIS Processing
1.B.13 Final Environmental Impact Statements (FEIS)
1.C Comparative Evaluation Alternatives from EIA Studies
1.C.1 Selecting a Preferred Alternative
1.C.2 Conceptual Basis for Trade-Off Analysis
1.C.3 Importance Weighting of Decision Factors

Chapter 2 EIA Methodologies
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Criteria for the Selection of EIA Methodology
2.3 EIA Methods
2.4 Predictive Models for Impact Assessment

Chapter 3 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Soil and Ground Water Environment
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Soils and Ground water
3.3 Methodology for the Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Soil and Groundwater References

Chapter 4 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Surface Water Environment
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Project Which Create Impact Concerns for the Surface-water Environment
4.3 Systematic Methods for Evaluation of Impacts of Various Developmental Activities on Surface Water

Chapter 5 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Biological Environment
5.1 Introduction
5.2 General Methodology for the Assessment of Impacts on Biological Environment
5.3 Systematic Approach for Evaluating Biological Impacts
5.4 Typical Examples for Carrying out EIA
5.5 Typical Example Assessment of Impacts of Road Development on Flora and Fauna

Chapter 6 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on the Air Environment
6.1 Introduction
6.2 A Generalized Approach for Assessment of Air Pollution Impact

Chapter 7 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Noise on the Environment
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Basic Information of Noise
7.3 Noise Measurement
7.4 Effects of Noise of People
7.5 Systematic Methodology for Assessing Environmental Impacts of Noise

Chapter 8 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Socio-Economic and Human Health Impacts
8.A Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on the Socio-Economic Environment
8.A.1 Introduction
8.A.2 Social Assessment
8.A.3 Conceptual Frame Work for Socio Economic Assessment
8.B Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Project Activities on Human Health
8.B.1 Tasks of Health Impact Assessment
8.B.2 Methodology
8.C Assessment of Impacts of Project Activities on Traffic and Transportation Systems

Chapter 9 Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) and Risk Management in EIA
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA
9.3 Risk Assessment and Treatment of Uncertainty
9.4 Key Steps in Performing an Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)
9.5 Advantages and Limitations of Environmental Risk Assessment

Chapter 10 Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for EIA
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Concepts of Environmental Remote Sensing
10.3 Basic Principles of Remote Sensing
10.3.1 Electromagnetic Energy
10.3.2 Photography and Optical Data
10.4 Airborne Light Detection and Ranging System (LIDAR)
10.5 Thermal Imagery
10.6 Radar
10.7 Satellite Orbits
10.8 Application of Environmental Remote Sensing for EIA
10.8.1 Linear Projects
10.8.2 Coastal Zone Studies
10.8.3 Estuaries
10.8.4 Land Use and Land Cover Studies
10.8.5 Sources of Remote Sensing Applications
10. 9 Application of GIS for EIA
10.9.1 What is a GIS?
10.9.2 GIS Concepts and Techniques
10.10 GIS for Environmental Impact Assessment
10.10.1 Possible Approaches
10.10.2 Resource Implications
10.10.3 GIS in Screening, Scoping and Baseline Studies
10.11 Databases for GIS
10.12 Major Applications of GIS

Chapter 11 EIA Case Studies
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Environmental Impact of Industrial Development
11.2.1 Physical Resources
11.2.2 Ecological Resources
11.2.3 Human use values
11.2.4 Quality-of-life values
11.2.5 Project Siting
11.3 Factors to be considered in Making Assessment Decisions
11.4 Guidelines for Preparations of TORS for Life of Industrial Development Projects for Initial Environmental Examination.
11.5 Management Requirements for the Preparation of EIA for industrial projects
11.6 Preparation of EIA of Land Clearing Projects
11.7 Assessment of Impacts of Traffic and Transportation
11.8 Physiography and Drainage
11.9 Geology and Structure
11.10 Climate
11.11 Soil Series
11.12 Land use/ Land cover
11.13 Preparation of the Secondary Overlays
11.13.1 Slope
11.14 Generation of Final Overlays for Decision Making
11.14.1 Hydrogeomorphology and Groundwater
11.14.2 Land-Irrigability
11.14.3 Composite Erosion Intensity Units/Composite Land Development Sites
11.14.4 Land Capability
11.14.5 Sediment Yield Index
11.15 Treatment Plans
11.15.1 Development Plan for the command Area

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Dr Y. Anjaneyulu is presently a Visiting Professor at the Environment and Chemistry Department and the TLGVRC Director at Jackson State University, Mississippi, USA. Educated as an Environmental Chemist, he has worked as a professor and director at the Institute of Science and Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. He has a broad and deep knowledge of the subject and is also the author of the book, Introduction to Environmental Sciences (BS Publications).

Dr Valli Manickam, PhD is presently working as a lecturer at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. She has gained a wide experience in Environmental Impact Assessment, both by her research and by her teaching assignments.