Environmental Ion Exchange: Principles and Design, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Ion Exchange

Principles and Design, 1st Edition

By Anthony M. Wachinski, James E. Etzel

CRC Press

144 pages

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Hardback: 9780873719568
pub: 1997-02-07
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Description

Environmental Ion Exchange: Principles and Design contains the most important ion exchange-related design and application issues. Using tables, graphs, and conversion tables, this book teaches you the basics, giving you the knowledge to use ion exchange to reuse, recover, and recycle. This hands-on guide explains how to apply ion exchange to reuse wastewaters, recover valuable chemicals, and recycle industrial waters. For anyone who is designing unconventional ion exchange systems, or who needs a fundamental knowledge of ion exchange, this is the perfect working reference.

Experts in environmental engineering, the authors hold nine patents related to ion exchange. In this book they share their expertise, taking you through the entire design process. Each chapter stands on its own, allowing rapid access to each topic of interest. Examples are abundant throughout, and most chapters provide reference sections for further reference and research. With Environmental Ion Exchange: Principles and Design, you will learn innovative, cost-effective solutions to water and wastewater problems.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Historical Perspective

Chapter 1. Basic Concepts from General Chemistry and Fundamental Hydraulics

Basic Chemistry Review

Terminology

Nomenclature

Grades of Chemicals

Dilutions

Lab Analysis

pH

Acidity

Alkalinity

Basic Hydraulics Review

Terminology

Turbine

Equations

References

Suggested Reading

Chapter 2. Cold Process Lime-Soda Softening

Hardness

Softening

Basic Principles

Bar Charts

Example Problem and Solution

Process Equations

Example Problem and Solution

References

Chapter 3. Fundamental Principles and Concepts of Ion Exchange

Introduction

Basics

Batch/Columnar Operation

Basic Columnar Operation

Natural Ion Exchangers

Synthetic Ion Exchangers

Synthetic Cation Exchangers

Synthetic Anion Exchangers

Selectivity

Order of Selectivity

Selectivity Determination

Resin Structure

Capacity

Particle Size

Process Description

Backwash

Regeneration

Rinse

Service

Example Problems and Solutions

References

Chapter 4. Laboratory-Scale Testing of Ion Exchange

Introduction

Columns

Reservoirs

Column Operations

Flow Rates

Resin Conditioning

Cautions

Charging

Backwashing

Regeneration

References

Chapter 5. Ion Exchange Applications and Design

The Basic Flow Sheets

Demineralization

Flow Scheme Configurations

Silica Removal

Degasification

Heavy Raw Water Composition

Plant Size

Cost of Regenerants

Effluent Water Composition

Flow Schemes

Alkalinity Reduction Flow Schemes

Design

Example Problem and Solution

Industrial Flow Schemes

Nickel Removal

Chromium Removal

Ion Exchange as a Chemical Feeder

References

Appendix: Tables and Conversion Factors

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply